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22nd September Part-2: Daily News Analysis
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Rishab Arora
Graduate in Economics. Gold medal in Dissertation, Prepared various documents on Demonetisation and GST, Share-trading and many more

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  1. Ban on adoption by live-in partners lifted (GS-1/2) (Page-5) Individuals in a live-in relationship will once again be able to adopt children from and within India after the country's nodal adoption agency decided to withdraw a circular issued earlier this year disallowing them from doing so. The Child Adoption Regulatory Authority (CARA), in a circular issued on May 31, barred applicants in a live-in relationship from adopting a child on the ground that "the Authority would like the children to be placed only with a stable family and individuals in a live-in relationship cannot be considered as stable family. . "We have decided to withdraw the circular and applications from prospective adoptive parents will be examined on a case-by-case basis," Secretary, Women and Child Development Ministry, R.K. Shrivastava told The Hindu on Thursday. * The decision was taken at the last meeting of the steering committee of CARA, chaired by Mr. Shrivastava, in August, and will benefit both domestic and international applicants. The eligibility criteria under Adoption Regulations, 2017, permit single women to adopt a child of any gender, while single men can adopt only boys. When a married couple seeks to adopt a child, it needs to give its consent for adoption and should be stable marriage for at least two years. elicants bave to be pi ental ild


  2. About CARA Central Adoption Resource Authority Central Adoption Resource Authority (CARA) is a statutory body of Ministry of Women & Child Development, Government of India. It functions as the nodal body for adoption of Indian children and is mandated to monitor and regulate in-country and inter-country adoptions. CARA is designated as the Central Authority to deal with inter-country adoptions in accordance with the provisions of thee Hague Convention on Inter-country Adoption, 1993, ratified by Government of India in 2003. CARA primarily deals with adoption of orphan, abandoned and surrendered children through its associated /recognised adoption agencies.


  3. Reinstated staff can't have back wages: SC (Page-5) (GS-2) An employee has no right to back wages merely because the court has set aside his dismissal and returned his old job, the Supreme Court held in a judgment. "A workman has no right to claim back wages from his employer as of right only because the court has set aside his dismissal order in his favour and directed his reinstatement in service," a Bench of Justices A.M. Sapre and U.U. Lalit held in a judgment pronounced on Thursday. No gainful employment Justice Sapre, for the Bench, held that it was necessary for the workman in such cases to plead and prove with the aid of evidence that after his dismissal from the service, he was not gainfully employed anywhere and had no earning to maintain himself or his family. "The employer is also entitled to prove that the employee was gainfully employed during the relevant period and hence not entitled to claim any back wages. The court can deny back wages in its entirety or award it partially depending on the facts of each case."


  4. The court laid down the law while pronouncing judgment in the case of Phool Chand, who is now represented by his legal representatives, against the Rajasthan State Road Transport Corporation. Departmental inquiry Chand, a driver, was dismissed from service after holding a departmental inquiry on the ground of dereliction of duties. Both the labour court and the Rajasthan High Court set aside the driver's dismissal and directed the Corporation to pay him or his legal representatives full back wages * The Rajasthan State Road Transport Corporation had first appealed to the Supreme Court seeking its direction.


  5. Agencies to do eco-impact checks (GS-3) (Page-9) The Union Environment Ministry proposes to allow research organisations and accredited agencies to monitor if companies are complying with environmental conditions. "...the Central Government proposes to introduce the concept of randomised third-party compliance monitoring of the environment clearance conditions through national-level reputed and competent government institutions to be empanelled by the Ministry," said a draft notification issued by the Ministry, dated September 10 but made public on Thursday. India's environmental laws require project developers to submit themselves to the Environment Impact Assessment (EIA), under which an independent agency, commissioned by the project developer, ascertains the likely environmental impact of a proposed project.


  6. & The preparation of an environment impact assessment report and an environment management plan ensures that the adverse environmental impact of projects and activities are assessed and studied and mitigation measures are taken in the implementation of the project to avoid or minimise the adverse environmental impact. Currently, depending on the size of projects, they are cleared or rejected - with accompanying caveats that must be adhered to -by the expert appraisal committees of the Central government and the States and the district environment impact assessment authorities The process obligates the project proponent to file a six-monthly compliance report, and regional offices of the Ministry are supposed to check whether industries are complying with these norms. "However, these offices are frequently understaffed; therefore, to ensure that the rules are complied with, we propose to have institutions like the IITs and accredited expert organisations conduct the compliance monitoring," C.K. Mishra, Secretary of the Ministry of Environment and Forests and Climate Change, told The Hindu


  7. Big shift Independent observers describe the proposal as a "big shi in how projects are appraised. It is a big shift, but one that is outsourcing the monitoring to scientific institutions [some of them are already doing EIAs]. The core issue of the affected people being kept out of the monitoring and compliance paperwork is embedded in this proposal," said Kanchi Kohli, an environmental researcher with the Centre for Policy Research, in an e-mail to The Hindu


  8. China warns U.S. of consequences over sanctions (GS-2) (Page-12) China on Friday warned the United States to withdraw sanctions imposed on a Chinese military organisation for buying Russian weapons or "bear the consequences" of Beijing's response. Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesperson Geng Shuang expressed Beijing's "strong indignation" against Washington's move, saying it violated the basic norms of international relations. He added that the move had damaged China-U.S. relations. * "We strongly urge the U.S. to immediately correct the mistakes and revoke the so-called sanctions," he said. Earlier, the U.S. State Department had announced that it was placing sanctions on China's Equipment Development Department, the military branch responsible for weapons and equipment, and its director, Li Shangfu. It said the Chinese company was engaged in "significant transactions" with Russian nodal arms exporter, Rosoboronexport.


  9. The sanctions have been linked to China's import of 10 Su-35 fighter jets last year and S- The sanctions bar the Chinese company from applying for export licences and involving in * The Chinese media is also reporting that the U.S. has ordered the state-run news agency 400 surface-to-air missile system in 2018, the State Department said. the U.S. financial system. Mr. Li will also be barred from getting a U.S. visa. Xinhua and the English language state broadcaster, China Global Television Network, to register themselves as foreign agents under the Foreign Agents Registration Act. Meanwhile, Russia also lashed out on Friday at the new sanctions imposed on China * Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov accused Washington of playing unfairly and using new measures to squeeze Moscow out of the global arms market.


  10. Dual listing of masala bonds being explored (GS-3) (Page-13) Masala bonds could also be dual-listed in India under options being explored by the London Stock Exchange Group and the National Stock Exchange of India. The idea being explored is a potential precursor of further joint listings in the future, that could see foreign currency bonds in India also being able to list in London. As many as 46 Masala bonds have raised over $5 billion in London since they were first listed (including through dual listings elsewhere), but it is hoped the dual listing would extend access to a wider base of global investors as well as domestic and regional investors registered on the NSE's International Exchange, and NSE IFSC Limited in Gujarat International Finance Tech City. An MoU on the plans was signed by LSE Plc. CEO Nikhil Rathi and NSE CEO Vikram Limaye on Friday.


  11. 'U.S., China trade spat can impact India' (GS-3) (Page-13) The trade friction between the U.S. and China is worrisome and can have an impact on India, said Kumar Mangalam Birla, chairman, Aditya Birla Group. Hindalco's subsidiary Novelis has presence in both the U.S. as well as China and so has Aleris Corporation which Hindalco has proposed to buy through Novelis. Concern over Chinese imports However, Mr. Birla, while addressing the shareholders at the annual general meeting of group company Hindalco Industries, expressed concerns that the import of aluminium and copper continue to hurt the domestic aluminium and copper industries. "There is threat of these Chinese materials coming to India," said Mr. Birla. Asked if Hindalco would benefit from the closure of Vedanta's copper unit in Tamil Nadu, Mr. Birla said, "competitor's plant has closed down but the Chinese imports will make it difficult.