Western disturbance to the rescue Weather likely to improve in north India over the next 24 hours with fresh thundershowers Page 2 What do you understand by western disturbances? Explain their origins, causes of increased frequencies and their effect on India. (250 Words) Definition: Western Disturbances are low-pressure areas embedded in the Westerlies, the planetary winds that blow from west to east between 30 and 60 latitude. Origin: They originate in the Mediterranean region, travel westward and enter India loaded with moisture, where the Himalayas obstruct them, causing rain and snow over northern India OThe moisture in these storms usually originates over the Mediterranean sea and Atlantic Ocean. WDs are important to the development of the Rabi crop in the northern subcontinent.
Causes of increased frequency: OThe frequency of western disturbance amplified because of presence of easterlies from Bay of Bengal. Also due to pronounced warming over the Tibetan plateau in recent decades which can be attributed to climatic warming, favours enhancement of meridional temperature gradients. The warming in recent decades over west central Asia led to an increase in instability of the western winds thereby increasing WDs leading to a higher intensity for heavy precipitation. Effects: Such disturbances can damage crops resulting into economic as well as agricultural loss for the people and farmers OFarm output is affected when crops that are ready to be harvested or about to ripen, get soaked in excessive rainfall. OThis is a concern in states like Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Maharashtra and Rajasthan, Punjab and Haryana
Probe exposes huge hawala welb Naresh Jain and his associates used over 100 shell companies for forex dealings DEVESH K. PANDEY NEW DELH others in 2007. He later got volving about 1,204 crore. bail and escaped to India via That notice is pending adju Nepal in May 2009. dication. Mr. Jain, against whom The ED had earlier regis- more than 210,000 crore as part of a probe into an inter- national "hawala" syndicate allegedly run by Naresh Jain and his associates through shell companies and travel firms. is currently conducting a case against Mr. Jain and oth probe under the Foreign Ex ers, based on an FIR lodged change Management Act by the Narcotics Control Bu (FEMA), is suspected to have reau (NCB) in 2009. The NCB used over 100 shell compa arrested him in December nies and about 40 tour-and 2009. The ED arrested him Page 11 GS3: Money Laundering Hawala: Hawala is an alternative remittance channel that exists outside of traditional banking systems. Transactions between hawala brokers are made without promissory notes because the system is heavily based on trust and the balancing of hawala brokers' books.
THE HINDU SATURDAY, JUNE 16, 2018 China to impose equal tariff ' on US. goods Beijing terms Trumps action outdated and backward
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