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(5/6) 18 June 2018 The Hindu + Indian Express DNA
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Sumant Kumar
B.Tech NIT Allahabad. Have written UPSC Mains 2 times with Physics. Channel "Sumant Kumar" on Youtube for Current Affairs Analysis.

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  1. Two areas that need urgent measures are 1.augmentation of watersheds that can store more good water, for use in agriculture and to serve habitations, and 2.strict pollution control enforcement. Solution: In this context, the Committee on Restructuring the Central Water Commission and the Central Ground Water Board, chaired by Mihir Shah, has called for a user-centric approach to water management, especially in agriculture It advocates decentralisation of irrigation commands, offering higher financial flows to well-performing States through a National Irrigation Management Fund. o Clearly, awarding an index rank should help advance such schemes, making States feel the need to be competitive o Yet, such approaches may not resolve seemingly intractable inter-State river disputes o As the Cauvery issue has demonstrated, State governments would rather seek judicial intervention than be accused of bartering away the rights to a precious resource under a shared, cooperative framework Groundwater extraction patterns need to be better understood through robust data collection; less than 5% of about 12 million wells are now under study Steady urbanisation calls for a new management paradigm, augmenting sources of clean drinking water supply and treatment technologies that will encourage reuse. Pollution can be curbed by levying suitable costs. These forward-looking changes would need revamped national and State institutions, and updated laws. A legal mandate will work better than just competition and cooperation; it would make governments accountable


  2. Change in Mexico? [TheHindu Ed 2] Mexico's ruling Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI), which has dominated its politics for the better part of a century, seems at risk of a defeat in the July 1 election. Brisk economic growth, low inflation and a sharp fall in unemployment have not contained the steady political slide under the corruption-tainted rule of President Enrique Pe a Nieto. Simultaneously, the strong showing in opinion polls for the radical left-wing frontrunner, Andr s Manuel L pez Obrador of the National Regeneration Movement, is linked to the peso's sharp decline and a sense of drift. The threat of Washington quitting the North American Free Trade Agreement has loomed large over the latter part of Mr. Pe a Nieto's rule. But his challenges at home have been no less formidable. The fallout from the political mishandling of the mysterious disappearance of scores of children in 2014 has been severe. Mr. P government has also been at the centre of a political storm beginning with accusations that surfaced last year of illegal funding of his 2012 election. The sacking of the chief prosecutor investigating the allegations eroded the credibility of the government's attempts to combat graft. Earlier this year, Mexico's Congress blocked investigations into allegations of bribes received by public figures from a Brazilian firm. Official assertions that corruption was more a matter of perception than of scale have deepened public scepticism about the government's intentions Mr. L pez Obrador, a three-time contender for the presidency and former Mayor of Mexico City, has sought to capitalise on this widespread disenchantment. While his rhetoric may sound too simplistic, voters could well give him the benefit of the doubt for want of an alternative. All the same, Mr. L pez Obrador's rising popularity has sent jitters across the energy industry over the future of the contracts for oil exploration in the Gulf of Mexico. Meanwhile, the PRI has designated Jos Antonio Meade, who has held key ministerial portfolios in the present and earlier conservative governments, as a presidential candidate. (Presidents are allowed just the one term in Mexico.) The calculation is that the technocrat's independence from any party affiliation could broaden his appeal and, by implication, of the PRI with the electorate at large. Whatever the outcome on July 1, Mexico's transition through the ballot seems an integral feature of the country's polity. This is no mean achievement in Latin America, where extensions of presidential terms through constitutional fiat are routine. And going forward, FIFA's decision to award the 2026 World Cup to the three NAFTA nations - Mexico, with the U.S. and Canada will possibly lead to a more conducive overall climate in the region Nieto


  3. There are no detours in history [TH Article] DIY Shujaat Bukhari, a warrior for peace [TH Article] DIY Before the ten days that shook India: Excerpted from Intertwined Lives: P.N. Haksar and Indira Gandhi Online incivility Outrage and punishments for social media offences can sometimes be disproportionate. There is a tendency to lower the bar on political correctness when it comes to online discourse. The antidote to "too much political correctness" is apparently the ability to "speak things as you see" Users may be lulled into thinking social media is a "safe space" where one can bravely speak "the truth", but tweets are bereft of context and nuance. Therefore, it is safer to be neither ironical nor sarcastic on this platform * While the laws provide for freedom of expression, often the terms of employment do not. o Corporates consider the projection of the values of their organisation more important than their employees' opinions on politics and religion. o Companies' policies on social media use are usually strictly worded and provide enough ground to terminate employment, especially if employees encourage violence, make threats or get abusive.


  4. Policy on the fly [IE Ed1] India's foreign policy has enjoyed a feel-good ride in the last couple of weeks the rebranding of the Asia- Pacific as the Indo-Pacific, a long overdue handshake and important agreements with the ASEAN powerhouse, Indonesia, and the renewed push at dialogue with China. The Indo-Pacific nomenclature has particularly been praised for its acknowledgement of India's importance as a regional power But the big picture is grainier. O It is no secret that India's relations with the Maldives are in a shambles, but what is worse is that Delhi seems to be clueless about how to rectify the situation Last week it emerged that the Maldives immigration authority has not been issuing work visas to Indians since March this year Clearly, this is retaliation from the Maldives for India's condemnation of Maldivian President Abdulla Yameen's declaration of emergency in February after the country's Supreme Court reversed the conviction of opposition leader, Mohammed Nasheed, and others .Around 2,000 visa applications are said to be held up. Maldives has also asked India to take back its gift of two Dhruv Advanced Light Helicopters, one manned by the Indian Coast Guard and another by the Indian Navy, by the end of June. Though the Maldivian government has said that these were not the helicopters it wanted, the real worry seems to be the presence of Indian defence personnel who are maintaining and operating the aircraft.


  5. What, then, to make of the Indian vote for the Maldives as claimed by the Maldivian Ambassador to India in a tweet in the UN Security Council secret ballot elections for the one non-permanent Asia seat that was also contested by Indonesia, which went on to win the required two-third votes from the General Assembly with enough to spare? India has not denied the claim. But the least it should do is explain this position There may be a point to fulfilling a long given pledge to the Maldivian state (differentiating it from the government of the day), and putting the neighbourhood first. If that is indeed the explanation, there should be no reason for the secrecy cloaking India's support to the Maldives at the UNSC election at a time when more than half the world decided, mainly on the basis of President Yameen's increasingly authoritarian tendencies, against giving the country a seat for two years at the arguably most important international high table Two days later, India, too, joined the chorus of condemnation against Yameen, expressing "dismay" at his government's decision to jail former President, Maumoon Abdul Gayoom, for 19 months. India has said the sentence "cast[s] doubts" over the Maldivian government's commitment to uphold the rule of law and "question[s] the credibility" of the ongoing process of the presidential election to be held in September. But the fact is, there have been doubts for weeks about the credibility of the presidential election after it emerged that Yameen would be the only major candidate, and Delhi was silent then The truth is that India has few cards to play in the Maldives, and it seems intent on squandering even these. Farther afield in the Seychelles, another challenge has come up President Danny Fuare has said his government will not proceed with an agreement with India to develop a naval base on Assumption Island after the project ran into political opposition. O It is nice to be carried away by the currents of the Indo-Pacific, but overcoming the undertow in the Indian Ocean requires more than muddling through


  6. Piercing the haze [IE Ed2] Summer in Delhi is hot and oppressive But rarely is the city's air laden with toxic amounts of particulate matter The city's pollution levels worsened after a dust storm on June 12. O On June 14, PM 10 in the city's air skyrocketed to 938 microgrammes per cubic metre (ug/m3), significantly higher than the year's next highest of 650 ug/m3 on January 10 the safe limit for PM10 is 100ug/m3. With the Delhi government pressing in emergency measures, including a ban on construction activity, the city's air quality has improved somewhat. However, the city's PM 10 levels are still in the "severe" category. This is different from the localised storm that is a regular feature of the summer in most parts of North India Storms such as the one on June 12 are caused by prolonged dry spells and westerly winds blowing at high speeds. The haze they whip up is different from the winter pollution when lack of wind and low temperatures trap pollution inside Delhi. The dust carried by the June 12 storm was a mixture of particles released by the natural erosion of soil, pollen and microscopic organisms. This cocktail is, ipso facto, not hazardous. But the mixture carried by the storm was unhealthy because it had accumulated toxic substances from combustion sources in the wind's route pollution from vehicles, industry and biomass This means that local emergency measures, such as those instituted in Delhi, can, at best, mitigate the haze to a limited extent The most important lesson of Delhi's latest pollution problem is that the city will need a year-round strategy to ensure that its air remains healthy Pollution control agencies will have to scale up their coordination with the India Meteorological Department


  7. Page1: Dhanush artillery gun clears final trials SPECIFICATIONS Length 45 caliber Crew 6-8 Caliber* 155 mm Breech: Screw type Recoil: Electro-rheological/ Magneto-rheological Elevation: -3 to 70 degree RATE OF FIRE Burst: 3 rounds in 15 seconds Intense: 15 rounds in 3 minutes Sustained: 60 rounds in 60 min Indigenous firepower A look at Dhanush, an upgraded version of the Swedish Bofors gun which was procured by India in the mid-1980s It is a 155-mm, 45-calibre gun with a range of 36 km, and has demonstrated a range of 38 km with specialised ammunition. It is Maximum firing range 38 km also compatible with all North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) (DIAMETER OF THE PROJECTILE 155 mm ammunition systems IT SHOOTS)


  8. Page11: New health scheme flawed: IMA The Indian Medical Association (IMA) has demanded a review of the Centre's ambitious National Health Protection Scheme (NHPS), saying it has "conceptual deficits and operational flaws". ssues the rates quoted by the government for various procedures were abysmal and impractical and most do not cover even 30% of the costs "No hospital can work on these rates without seriously compromising patient safety In the garb of cost-cutting, the government is exposing the people to danger in the hospitals The money allotted for the Ayushman Bharat-National Health Protection Scheme (AB-NHPS) would have better served the country if eve "The highly optic NHPS fails to create any new national asset The same money invested in our public hospitals would have brought secondary and tertiary care closer to the poor in our government hospitals "In addition to non-creation of new public sector hospitals, the government will lose around 400 crore to private health insurance companies which will manage the scheme. The insurance-driven healthcare is a failed experiment,". ry district hospital was strengthened with an infrastructure o 2 crore each "The IMA has suggested to the government that the NHPS be modelled as healthcare purchase directly from the provider hospitals, removing insurance companies and third party administrators These intermediaries siphon off 40% of the budgeted money and are breeders of corruption and unethical practices,".


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