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(2/2) 26 June 2018 The Hindu + Indian Express DNA
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Sumant Kumar
B.Tech NIT Allahabad. Have written UPSC Mains 2 times with Physics. Channel "Sumant Kumar" on Youtube for Current Affairs Analysis.

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  1. To address the global concern that the bulk of India's plastic waste estimated officially at 26,000 tonnes a day is being dumped in the oceans, there has to be an effort on a war footing to segregate it at source D The Urban Development Secretary in each State, who heads the monitoring committee under the rules, should be mandated to produce a monthly report on how much plastic waste is collected, including details of the types of chemicals involved, and the disposal methods Such compulsory disclosure norms will maintain public pressure on the authorities, including the State Pollution Control Boards. Issues & Way forward: But segregation at source has not taken off, as there is little awareness, official support or infrastructure. Even bulk generators such as shopping malls, hotels and offices do not abide by the law Priority, therefore, should be given to stop the generation of mixed waste, which prevents recovery of plastics. Companies covered by extended producer responsibility provisions must be required to take back their waste In parallel, incentives to reduce the use of plastic carry bags, single-use cups, plates and cutlery must be in place Retailers must be required to switch to paper bags. Potentially, carry bag production using cloth can create more jobs than machines using plastic pellets. What needs to be underscored is that plastics became popular because they are inexpensive, can be easily produced and offer great convenience. But, as the UN Environment Programme notes, their wild popularity has turned them into a scourge. Consumers will be ready to make the switch, but they need good alternatives.


  2. [IE Ed1] To Yo-Yo or not to Yo-Yo test is here to stay. The philosophy is simple: You pass the test, you play. Whoever thinks it's a one-off thing, he is sadly mistaken and that person can take a walk," Ravi Shastri, Indian cricket team's head coach, hit the metaphorical gavel on the recent controversy regarding the need for the aerobic endurance test to determine players' selection. Perhaps, he and the team management should pause, take a deep breath. Even the creator of the Yo-Yo test, Jens Bangbo, a Dutch physiologist who formulated the test in the late 90s for football, isn't convinced about India's decision to use it as a selection parameter. "You cannot select players based on a single test," Bangbo has said The test sparked a controversy after Ambati Rayudu, who starred in the IPL, lost out on an India spot after failing it, and Sanju Samson couldn't tour England with India A after not clearing it. It is not a commonly-accepted test across the world For example, the NBA doesn't use it for selection as it is deemed that individuals are different physiologically and can't be compared. The test, which uses beep methods and velocity bursts is considered good for generic movement analysis. The use of the test in Indian cricket has raised questions even from within the BCCI. Were any scientific tests done before making Yo-Yo the benchmark? Who in the Indian cricket board took the decision? Does this test overrule game skills and mental strength of players? Are the players familiar with the tests, as non-familiarity can affect the results? These are questions that deserve answers.


  3. Yo-Yo Intermittent Test 5m 20m Walking Recovery Sprint Out & Back 5 m 20 m


  4. The Yo Yo Test OA yo-yo test involves a player shuttling between two cones that are set 20 metres apart on flat ground OHe starts on a beep and needs to get to the cone at the other end before the second beep goes He then turns back and returns to the starting cone before the third beep. That is one "shuttle". A player starts at speed level 5, which consists of one shuttle. The next speed level, which is 9, also consists of one shuttle. Speed level 11, the next step up, has two shuttles, while level 12 has three and level 13 four. There are eight shuttles per level from 14 upwards. Level 23 is the highest speed level in a yo-yo test, but no one has come close to getting there yet. OEach shuttle covers a distance of 40 metres, and the accumulated distance is an aggregate of distance covered at every speed level. OThe player gets ten seconds to recover between shuttles. OAt any point if he fails to reach the cone before the beep goes, he gets a first warning. Usually a player gets a few "reminders" to keep to the pace, but three official warnings generally marks the end of the test.


  5. As a player moves up the levels, the time available to complete each shuttle diminishes, which means he needs to run quicker to reach the next cone before the beep. The player runs until he gets his three warnings, and the level achieved at that point is the test result. Teams have different speed levels as qualifying marks. India have set 16:1 as the qualifying speed level, which means it is mandatory for their players to finish the first shuttle of speed level 16, which in terms of accumulated distance is 1120 metres. Pakistan's minimum level is now 17:4; West Indies are at 19, and New Zealand probably have the highest level, 20:1. As for "civilians", the simplest way to know if you are fit for a yo-yo test is to run two kilometres in eight minutes. Why do cricketers need it? OThe yo-yo test is mainly derived from the Leger Test, created by Luc Leger of the University of Montreal, which was popular till the turn of the century. O The Leger multi-stage test, where an athlete would run non-stop 20-metre shuttles for 12 minutes, was not considered suitable for sports like cricket, which are marked by bursts of activity separated by recovery periods. "You bowl, you throw, you hit, you run, you have about 30 seconds before the next ball starts," Andrew Leipus, who was till recently the head physiotherapist at the NCA, says. "So you've got to get your heart rate down, your breathing rate down for the next delivery."


  6. [IE Ed2] A spreading green On Monday, Delhi High Court put on hold a project that requires the cutting of more than 14,000 trees to make way for a government officers' housing complex in the capital. The two-judge bench was responding to a petition which argued that tree culling would worsen Delhi's pollution problems. Three days before Justices delivered the stay order, environmental concerns took centrestage on the streets of Delhi in a new and unprecedented manner. OActivists and hundreds of residents, including school children, hugged the trees threatened with the axe in South and Central Delhi. Social media and online signature campaigns went viral. "Can Delhi afford the cutting of so many trees today?" The two-judge bench asked. The question has resonance beyond its immediate locale.


  7. As the country pursues its development goals, policymakers will increasingly be called upon to strike a balance between the imperatives of economic growth and conservation This would require a lively political debate on the environment. However, while India has been at the forefront of international environmental deliberations for the past 10 years-including treaties on climate change and biodiversity green issues are scarcely more than a token presence in the manifestos of political parties. OThe state of water bodies, sewage disposal and preservation of urban lungs have been matters of concern for at least two decades, but rarely has a political party turned them into election issues. Civil society activism has, in a few cities, tried to make up for this deficit. Bengaluru, for example, has had a vibrant movement to restore its water bodies. OWaste management endeavours by resident welfare associations in Pune, Mysuru, Panaji and Alappuzha have shown the way for other Indian cities. OBut with political parties failing to be the catalyst for mainstreaming the e very few civil society activities transcend niche circles.


  8. The Indian EXPRESS Tuesday, June 26, 2018 Home India World Cities Opinion Sports FIFA 2018 Entertainment Lifestyle Technology Viral Photos Videos Audio ePaper FIFA WORLD CUP 2018 Football more than a game in Croatia Home India Gujarat: Barber beaten up for 'cutting hair of Dalits, four booked Gujarat: Barber beaten up for 'cutting hair of Dalits', four booked "About 10 days ago, Jigar was warned by the accused persons that he should not cut hair of Dalit men. But Jigar didn't pay heed to it. The allegation is that Jigar was attacked by the accused just for entertaining Dalits at his shop," the police said. Four persons belonging to upper caste were booked on Monday for allegedly attacking a barber for "cutting hair of Dalits" at Umrecha village of Satlasna taluka of Mehsana district. In a complaint lodged with Satlasna police station, Jasiben Bhagwandas alleged that her son Jigar, who runs a hair cutting salon in the village, was attacked by four persons on Sunday night. She identified the attackers as Govind Chaudhary, Nanji Chaudhary, Rajesh Chaudhary and Vasant Chaudhary, all residents of the same village


  9. Co-passengers harass couple on Kolkata train Dalit man in M.P. thrashed for riding bike TIKAMGARH A 30-year-old Dalit man was beaten allegedly for riding a motorcycle past the house of the sarpanch of Dharampur village in Madhya Pradesh, the police said on Monday. The police have arrested the sarpanch and four others in connection with the case. PTI INDO-ASIAN NEWS SERVICE Drivate company here KOLKATA A young woman travelling partment of the Barrack- boarded the general com on a suburban train in Kol pore-bound local train from kata along with her friend Sealdah station along with was harassed by fellow pas- her friend on Saturday even- sengers who threatened and ing. She video recorded the intimidated her, and cr altercation that followed on cised her attire. The couple her mobile phone and later lodged a complaint shared it on social media. with the Government Rail way Police (GRP). 'You are a woman "Yes, we have received a A man is heard saying: "Do complaint against unknown not wear such clothes [T- persons. We are trying to es shirt and jeans] and board tablish the identity of the ac- the train," and, "You are a cused," said a GRP officer on woman, you are a woman, you are a woman, don't Monday The woman, working in a speak too much."


  10. [IE] Erdogan, again+ITheHindu Ed2] Erdo an's day Recep Tayyip Erdogan's re-election as President of Turkey-he has been the country's de facto ruler since 2002 should have been, like all exercises in democracy, a moment of celebration. Yet, for reasons ranging from the suppression of a free press and political opposition since 2016, to the dangers of a nearly all-powerful executive and serious questions over the election process itself, Erdogan's return to office carries with it apprehensions of the sweeping powers a quasi-authoritarian regime could exercise when it can point to a democratic mandate as justification. The elections were held in a state of emergency, imposed in July 2016 following a coup attempt OA faltering economy, characterised by plunging foreign direct investment, high inflation and a depreciating lira, had given the Opposition some hope of taking the fight to Mr. Erdo an. OBut the President's polarising personality and his party's wide organisational reach, coupled with the perception that he was the right person to revive economic growth, helped him retain power.


  11. Since an attempted coup in 2016, Erdogan has overseen the suppression of dissent and free speech on a massive scale. OAbout 50,000 people have been arrested and another 1,00,000 have been removed from their jobs on charges of "aiding terrorism", that is, the coup. OBut the crackdown has not been limited to the supporters of the exiled Fethullah G len once a leader in the AKP, Erdogan's party, and now blamed for the attempted coup. Students who have opposed Turkey's interventions in the Syrian conflict, journalists, judges, police officers are among those who have suffered since the state of emergency and the crackdown began in 2016.


  12. Uniquely placed The 15th Finance Commission (FC) is in the process of figuring out a fair formula for the distribution of net tax proceeds bete tihth sthiec ha adonted a formula-base a devalution asgroaedh part t Union and the States, and among States The 14th FC had adopted a formula-based tax devolution approach, apart from grants-in-aid for local bodies. disaster relief, and post-devolution revenue deficit grants The share of devolution to the States was enhanced to 42% from 32%, which gave the States considerable flexibility However, it dispensed with sectoral grants for elementary education, the forest sector and renewable energy sector, among others. No State-specific grants were recommended. The assumption was that a higher level of devolution would offset other requirements The devolution formula, therefore, is central to the approach of resource transfers The 14th FC accorded 27.5% weight to the population (of which 17.5% was of the 1971 population), 15% to area 7.5% to forest cover and 50% to income distance Larger States with larger populations have a greater requirement of resources Income distance was adopted as a proxy for fiscal capacity, and forest cover was given weightage for the first time, underscoring ecological benefits A distinct entity The Northeast represents a distinct entity for developmental planning and has a special category status Low levels of human development indices, a low resource base, and poor connectivity and infrastructure pose a different challenge which must be taken into account in the devolution formula Central Ministries earmark 10% of their allocations for the Northeast By the same logic, 10% of tax proceeds could be earmarked for vertical devolution to the region