Crash Course The Modern Indian History Chapter Z Parallel Power Britain Various Acts
Game of Thrones Visiting Team a Portugese --Duteh Home Team Mughals Awadh Hyderabad L-Dutch Britain Hyderabad Carmatic Mysere . English (EIC) -Punjab . Frenck --Freneh Marathas Rajput AUDIENCE
Why Britain passed acts?? Corruption in company officials and their high income lead to widespread jealousy against them Display of Parliamentary supremacy over East India Company lit. (co)) On the contrary ElC applied for loan which ich became a pretext to pass such laws. .To establish claim over the cake
Broad overview of the Acts Initial centralization of administration Establishment of Various administrative institutions like Legislative council, executive council, Supreme court etc Later decentralization of power Incorporation of natives into Governance . . Introduced Rule of Law and the Procedures for Governance
Regulating Act of 1773 Initiation of centralization Ist step of British Parliament to control and regulate the affairs of EIC Recognised political+ admin function of EIC Laid foundation of central administration in India
REGULATING ACT OF 1773 GOVERNOR GENERAL OF BENGAL SUPREME COURT @ CALCUTTA(1774) COURT OF DIRECTORS 1CJI +3 JUDGES Responsible for administration of India Required to submit report to Britain govt EXECUTIVE COUNCILE1,E2,E3,E4) GOVERNOR OF BOMBAY Governors of Madras and Bombay made subordinate to Bengal in some matters GOVERNOR OF MADRAS
PITTS INDIA ACT 1784 Commercial functions of EIC were separated from Political functions . Court of Directors- Commercial functions . Board of control- will supervise and direct all operations of Board of control- will supervise and direct all operations of civil,revenue and military matters of British possessions in India. BOC members Chancellor of Exchequer Secretary of state 4 members of privy council Wars and Treaties were prohibited.
Pitt's India Act OF 1784 GOVERNOR GENERAL OF BENGAL EAST INDIA COMPANY EXECUTIVE COUNCILEL,E2 E3,") Commercial fun. Political functions BOARD OF CONTROL chancellor of exchequer secretary of state 4 members of Privy council GOVERNOR OF BOMBA GOVERNOR OF MADRAS COURT OF DIRECTORS Governors of Madras and Bombay made subrdinate to Bengal
The Charter Act of 1793 . Indian revenue was to be used to pay Home govt members.
The Charter Act of 1813 Company could only retain its monopoly over tea trade and Chinese trading...rest was abolished . Allotted 20 more years to EIC to retain India and its revenue. . One lakh rupees were to be spent for education of Indians
The Charter Act of 1833 Climax of centralization Company lost its monopoly over tea trade and Chinese trading also The lease of 20 years to EIC to retain India and its revenue - was extended European immigration allowed European allowed to buy property . Open civil services exam was proposed but rejected by Court of Directors
Charter Act OF 1833 GOVERNOR GENERAL OF BENGAL |GOVERNOR GENERAL OF INDIA EXECUTIVE COUNCIL(E1,E2,E3, E4) 1 law member GOVERNOR OF BOMBAY GOVERNOR OF MADRAS Governors of Madras and Bombay lost their legislative powers EAST INDIA COMPANY Became purely administrative body Lost monopoly over tea and china EURPEAN IMMIGRATION AND ACUISITION OF PROPORTY ALLOWED
Charter Act OF 1853 GOVERNOR GENERAL OF INDIA LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL(Ll,L2,L314,L5,L6' \EXECUTIVE COUNCIL(ELE2,E3,E4). 1 law member became fultime member GOVERNOR OF BOMBAYGOVERNOR OF M GOVERNOR OF MADRAS Continued subordinatin
The Crown's Rule 1858-1947
Government of India Act OF 1858 me Beard of Control court of Directors Secretary of State for India COUNCIL of India(C1,C2..C15) VICEROY OF INDIA -GOVERNOR GENERAL OF INDIA LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL(Ll,L2,L314,L5,L6) EXECUTIVE COUNCIL(E1,E2,E3,E4
Indian Councils Act OF 1861 VICEROY OF INDIA LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL(L1L2,L3,"<C12) Advisory functins Few Indians Nomina EXECUTIVE COUNCIL(E1,E2,E3,E4,ES) Portflio system GOVERNOR OF BOMBAY GOVERNOR OF MADRAS New legislative councils for Bengal(1862) NWFP(1866) Punjab(1897) Legislative powers restored
Indian Councils Act OF 1892 VICEROY OF INDIA LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL(Ll,L2,L3, ,L12 L16) EXECUTIVE COUNCIL(E1,E2,E3,E4,E5,E6) could discuss budget Limited and indirect provisions of election kakak **Official majority
Indian Councils Act OF 1909 (Morley Minto Reform) VICEROY OF INDIA LEGIS. COUNCIL(L1, L16 L60) EXEC COUNCIL(E1...E7) +Extraordinery member *Indians Could assciate ***retained official majority * retained official majority Ist SP Sinha Separate Electorates (6Muslim constituencies)
Indian Independence Act 1947!! Provision for Partition into India and Pakistan . Lapse of Paramountcy Princely states free to join either or remain independent
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