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Weekly Review THE HINDU NEWS ANALYSIS 5th June to 10th June, 2017 By Jatin Verma, Educator, Unacademy. unacademy
NIA Powers: It comes under MHA 5th JUNE NA on terror funding trail raids more places The National Investigation Agency Act, 2008 The Anti-Hijacking Act, 1982 The Arms Act, 1959 The Atomic Energy Act The Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 The Explosive Substances Act, 1908 NIA Powers: It comes under MHA 5th JUNE NIA on terror funding trail raids more places Currency notes of Pakistan, the UAE and Saudi Arabia have been seized SPECLAL CORRESPONDENT out in Kashmir, Jammu and former president of the Loc across Kashmir, Haryana an Gurugram searches, Pakstani currency Baggu and Kamal alias Bittu preliminary enquiry into During the Traders Association, Farooq Delhi, after it cooverted The National Investigation Agency continued its (a few thousands) and cur- ofjammu. Another house of or fiunding as an FIH. searches for the second con rencies of the Uhited Arab Zaboor Watali, businessman "The subject matter of t secutive day, on Sunday, at Emirates and Saudi Arabia and brother of former in vestigation is to probe th seven more places belonging have been found and seized, spector general of police Alil entire chain of players b to "secessionist and separat apart from other incriminat: Muhammad Watali in Gunu hind financing of terori ist elements,'besides hawala ing material. gramseas aho saredctitles idlding etng
Page 10: Aadhaar must for kerosene subsidy, Atal Pension Yojana . Under the pension scheme, a subscriber gets a minimum pension of 1,000 to D5,000 a month, 5th JUNE ns made, from the age of 60. .Features of APY . Atal Pension Yojana (APY) was announced in 2015-16 The APY will be focussed on people working in the unorganised sector, who join the National Pension System (NPS) administered by the Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority (PFRDA) and who are not members of any statutory social security scheme. This scheme will benefit non-tax payers and those who are not yet covered under a social security schemeThe minimum age of joining APY is 18 years and maximum age is 40 years. Therefore, minimum period of contribution by the subscriber under APY would be 20 years or more
CSIR faces funds crunch, asks labs to look outside . As part of the 'Dehradun Declaration,' all laboratories signed up to "develop a revenue model in a business-like manner with a clear cost-benefit analysis. The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) was directed to generate half of its funds and start sending report cards to the Centre on how "each of the laboratory [is] focusing its resources on developing specific lines of inventions which would contribute to the social and economic objectives. Good or Bad: Earlier, labs were organised around say, 'chemistry' and 'biology', and now we are thematically organised: Energy, Pharma to strengthen links with industry. This also improves accountability of funding.
Business Page: Commerce Ministry to redefine focus The Commerce Ministry has sought to shed from its portfolio non-core areas including Foreign Trade Policy (FTP) implementation . This is to better utilise the ministry's resources in 'core focus areas' such as India's trade talks with other countries (bilateral and regional Free Trade Agreements) and at the World Trade Organisation (WTO)-level. Timing: when India's goods and services exports are being impacted by rising incidents of protectionism across the world as well as trade disputes. Transfer to the Agriculture and Farmer Welfare Ministry the administrative control over the commodity boards (Coffee Board, Tea Board, Rubber Board, Spices Board, and Tobacco Board)
Clause (3) of Article 77 ("Conduct of Business of the Government of India") of the Constitution of India lays down as follows: "(3) The President shal make rules for the more convenient transaction of the business of the Government of India, and for the allocation among Ministers of the said business. .G.S. Paper-2 Polity & Governance: Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the Government. . Minimum Government-Maximum Governance.
Saudi Arabia, Egypt, the United Arab Emirates and Bahrain cut relations withTEee HINDU Qatar in a coordinated move. SALE TODAY 12 NOON e Yemen, Libya and the Maldives joined in later. e Iran, long at odds with Saudi Arabia and a mi.comamazonn Five Arab powers behind- the-scenes target of the move, blamed Mr. Trump's visit to Riyadh last month Qatar CSAT-10 Qatar has for years presented itself as a mediator and power broker for the region's many dis- putes, but Egypt and the Gulf Arab states resent Qatar's support for Islamists, especially the Muslim Broth- erhood, which they see as a political foe. lSclaims londonattacks; moreheld
Page :India successfully fires heaviest launch vehicle- GSLV MklIl-DI LV Mklll places heaviest satellite GSAT-19 into orbit. India entered into a select group of nations having their own indigenous cryogenic engine technology, with the successful launch of its heaviest launch vehicle, GSLV Mklll- DI, and placed the country's heaviest satellite till date, GSAT-19, into a precise orbit. ISRO has been trying to master development of an indigenous cryogenic for decades and has used indigenous cryogenic engines on earlier GSLV flights but modelled mainly on Russian design. . On this GS LV,no technological element was bo rowed or adapted from any other space organisation
Page12. World news: Nepal, China ink mega hydropower agreement. Nepal has signed an agreement with a Chinese company to build the largest hydroelectric plant; To build 1,200 MW Budhi-Gandaki hydroelectric project Estimates put the project cost at $2.5 billion. A financing agreement will be signed later. India and China have vied for influence in the small country. India's Projects: In 2014, India and Nepal signed a Power Trade Agreement 900 MWArun-3 Project in Sankhuwasabha district of Nepal [Feb. 2017]
Page I: GST Implementation date issue: GST Suvidha Providers (GSPs) not ready. [7th June 2017] GST Suvidha Providers (GSPs), who are expected to help taxpayers cope with the transition to the new regime and its compliance paper- work, may only be operationally ready a few months down the line. Convenient methods: Under the GST regime, the GSPs are expected to provide convenient methods to tax-payers to access and upload their documents and returns onto the GST Network (GSTN), the information technology backbone of the new indirect tax regime. The GSP model is not the only solution for the GSTN to meet its obligation to the citizens of the country_which is to get a system ready on which they can file their returns. It need not be that the GSP model will be out by July I
From Page 4: Agri-Initiatives.3 Years of Government Under the Soil Health card scheme, farmers are given the cards detaililng soil health conditions nutrients and fertilizers Soil Health Cards are issued every two years. .It carries crop-wise recommendations of Macronutrients, secondary nutrients; micro- .Better Measures for Disaster Relief Gol has reduced the eligibility for admissibilityof claims from 50% damage to 33% damage, 1 hectare to 2 hectare of land; finnancial assistance has been increased to 1.5 times; Death assistance: Rs 1.5 lakh to 4 lakh
Page-7:Child-friendly HIV drug gets govt.nod [G.S. Mains Paper-2] . The Central Drugs Standard Control Organisation (CDSCO) has registered the child- dly HIV drug gets govt.nod [G.S. Mains Paper-2] friendly HIV drug in oral pellet form, ending months of uncertainty for the HIV community e This has opened up crucial supplies from Cipla Pharmaceuticals, a market leader in the HIV segment, to the National AIDS Control Programme (NACO), which had been struggling to source quality assured formulations of the drug. India ran out of Lopinavir syrup, a child-friendly HIV drug, in March after Cipla the sole manufacturer of the drug stopped production consequent to non-payment by the Health Ministry. National Aids Control Organization, a division of the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India, was established in 1992. NACP
AFGHANISTAN: President Ghani makes Taliban an ofer for talks, with ultimatum: Kabul Peace Process Hitting out at Pakistan: He hit out at Pakistan for not acting "according to the global consensus on terror. In front of gathering including representatives of Pakistan, India, Iran, Russia, China, Saudi Arabia, the US and various European countries, Ghani accused Pakistan of waging "an undeclared war". Last offer: However, if they fail to take up offer,Afghanistan will push for the UN to sanction the group as a 'perpetrator and sponsor' of terror. Taliban-sponsored terrorism is creating a platform that is bringing terrorists and criminals from all over the region to Afghanistan.
8th June 2017 SC to hear plea on cattle trade rules Petition states notices by Centre would cast 'huge economic burden' on farmers and cattle traders. Fundamental right to carry on trade under Article 19 could be restricted only by the legislature and not through a delegated executive fiat which violates the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (PCA) Act of 1960 itself The 1960 Act only intends to prevent the infliction of unnecessary pain or suffer- ing on animals. It does not ban slaughter for food. e The notifications, the petitioner argued, are an affront to the right to freely practise religion under Article 25 and to the cultural identity of communities protected under Article 29 (protection of interests of minorities) of the Constitution . "A right under Article 25 can be restricted on the grounds of public order, morality and health
Rule 22: Zeroing in on Rule 22 of the Livestock Markets Rules, the petition said this provision creates "unconstitutional restrictions" on traders. A busy body Act of the Parliament Awareness of ground Executive- realities Rules Rules under the Act ACT
Question. In the context of global oil prices, "Brent crude oil" is frequently referred to in the news. What does this term imply? [Prelims-2011] I. It is a major classification of crude oil 2. It is sourced from north sea. 3. It does not contain sulphur. Which of the statements given above is/are correct? (a)2 only. (b) and 2 only. (c) I and 3 only. (d) 1,2, and 3. Other Facts: While petrol price was freed from government control in June 2010, diesel rates were deregulated in October 2014. Technically, oil companies have freedom to revise rates but often they have been guided by political considerations.
UPSC Previous Year's Question: Question. Arrange the following Countries from North to South Answer. Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan Kirgizstan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan Dimensions of SCO Relevance for India Economic &T HQ Based in Shanghai, China. Security[RATS] Regional Anti-Terrorist Structure (RATS) based in Tashkent.
Page II: Are cattle trade rules good in law? Question before Supreme Court is whether they override animal cruelty Act. . Centre is only empowered by the Act to notify rules which are in furtherance of the purposes of the 1960 Act, cardinally that no animalnot just cattle is caused unnecessary pain and suffering The Supreme Court has consistently said that rules that contravene or rewrite the parent law, in this case the 1960 Act, should be rendered invalid for arbitrariness and unreasonableness. Caution required: Where a Rule is directly inconsistent with a mandatory provision of the statute, then of course the task of the court is simple and easy. But where the contention is that the inconsistency or non-conformity of the Rule is not with reference to any specific provision of the enabling Act, but with the object and scheme of the Parent Act, the court should proceed with caution before declaring invalidity
3. Swiss support India's NSG bid Switzerland, the incoming chair of the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG), will support application for membership, but has left the door open for Pakistan to join as well. Swiss Line of argument:"We are of the view that it would contribute to strengthening global non- proliferation efforts if all countries having relevant nuclear technology and being suppliers of such technology were to become NSG members." The "Grossi process" mandates the former NSG chairperson and diplomat Rafael Grossi to build a consensus among all 48 countries of the NSG, many of which resisted India's membership bid at the Seoul plenary session in 2016, unless the country signs the Non- Proliferation Treaty. Seou plnary sesi 201 unles the country signs the No.