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DAILY THE HINDU NEWS ANALYSIS 3rd June, 2017 By Jatin Verma, Educator, Unacademy. unacademy
Daily News Analysis FREE IAS WORKSHOP BYJU'S IAS 2017-18 98736 43487 Guha flags conflict of interest in letter to CoA Trump targets India, China asUS.exits climate pact Inda stands by deal PM Wildusker turamples four near Coimbacore
. Paris agreement:Trump backs off from Climate deal. The Paris agreement, formally known as the Conference of Parties (CoP) protocol on combating climate change, is the world's first comprehensive regime on tackling the phenomenon within the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). Adopted by 195 countries in Paris in December 2015, the regime will take effect after it is ratified by at least 55 countries responsible for 55% of global emissions. . India accounts for over 4% of global emissions and is crucial for crossing the threshold mark of 55%. The world's top two polluters-the US and China-that together account for 40% of global carbon emissions.
India's obligations India has tried to balance its carbon emissions with its economic growth objectives by not setting an outright pollution reduction goal. . India will have significant obligations to meet under the treaty: It will have to reduce its carbon footprint by 33-35% from its 2005 levels. This has to be achieved by 2030. . A key result area for India will come in the form of the reduction of emission intensity targets, which basically is the volume of emissions per unit of gross domestic product (GDP). . India will have to diversify its power generation sources and shift them significantly dia will have to diversify its power g towards renewable energy sources. In numbers, by 2025, India will need a 175 gigawatt-power production capacity from non-fossil fuel sources. It requires India to increase its forest cover by five million hectares along with an improvement in the quality of green cover of an equal measure.
India's obligations under the deal: India's per capita carbon emission is one-tenth of the U.S. These remarks comes ahead of a likely visit by Prime Minister Narendra Modi to Washington later this month. As part of its commitment to deal with climate change, India has said it needs $ 2,500 billion (approx 150 trillion) until 2030 to ensure that 40% of its electricity needs in 2030 are from renewable sources & its agriculture and people's livelihoods are able to buffer climate stresses. . Some of the money would be raised internally but it's hinged on developed countries providing $100 billion ( 65 trillion) a year until 2020. Green Climate Fund (GCF), a U.N.-approved facility for developed countries to route funds to developing countries to adapt to the environmental changes effected by global warming.
U.S. Historic responsibility: The US. is responsible for 21% of the current carbon stock in the atmosphere. e It is currently the second largest polluter in the world, and has the highest per capita emissions. . Under its climate action plan, the US. had pledged to reduce its emissions by 26% to 28% below 2005 levels by 2025.On the 1990 baseline, the US. will cut emissions by 13- 15 % by 2025 and 23-27% by 2030.
SIX KEY POINTS OF THE PARIS CLIMATE AGREEMENT The 3 1-page document that details a landmark agreement reached in Paris on 12 December 2015 could be a turning point in the struggle to contain global warming The historic pact, approved by 195 countries, will take effect from 2020. The historic pact, approved by 195 countries, take effect from 2020. CO2 CO2 CH4 To keep global temperature increase below 2C (3.6F) and to pursue efforts to limit it to 1.Sc. 186 countries submitted plans detailing how they reduce their greenhouse gas pollution through 2025 or 2O30 100 billion a Overall assessment of how countries are doing in cutting their emissions compared to their national year in climate finance for developing countries by 2020, with a commitment to further finance in the future. Rich countries to engage in absolute reductions in emissions developing ones to continue enhancing their mitigation efforts Countries should reach global peaking of greenhouse gas emissions as soon as possible Globalrea ounping 20, witey plans rtier starting in 2023, every five years. Cing Source: UNEP, Global Trends in Renewable Energy Investment 2015
Page Il: Global Multidimensional Poverty Index [MPI],2017.[G.S.I&3] . About 3 1% of the world's multidimensionally poor" children live in India, according to a new report by the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI), a poverty reduction project grounded in economist Amartya Sen's 'capability approach' . In terms of countries, fully 31% of the 689 million poor children live in India, followed by Nigeria (8%), Ethiopia (7%) and Pakistan (6%). OPHl is an economic research centre at the Ox- ford University and the study is based on a survey conducted among 103 countries.
10 indicators A"multidimensionally poor" child lacks at least a third of ten indicators, grouped into three dimensions of poverty: [i] Health dimension. [ii] Education and [ii] Standard of living The health dimension comprises of indicators such as nutrition, child mortality. The Standard of living_dimension:indicators such as access to cooking fuel, improved sanitation, safe drinking water and electricity.
In terms of the number of such multidimensionally poor children as a proportion of the total population, India stood 37th among 103 countries. Out of India's 21 .7 crore children, 49.9% were multidimensionally poor. In terms of absolute numbers, India accounts for both the highest and a stag-gering number of multi-dimensionally poor people. Sadly, more than 52.8 crore Indians are poor, which is more people than all the poor people living in Sub- Saharan Africa combined. . Of the 145 crore people (from the 103 countries) who are multidimensionally poor, 48% are children."That is a total of 68.9 crore children.
Business Page: Stress in Telecom sector: Lenders give RCom 7 months to revamp debt. Where does the problem lie! ; One-time Spectrum Licence fee model Revenue sharing Model; Models of Telecom Spectrum allocation. Pay-As-You-Go Model.