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Ramsar convention: important MCQs
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Ramsar convention on wetlands

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  1. Environment and Ecolo Ramsar Convention on Wetlands

  2. a. Consider the following statements regarding Ramsar convention It is an International treaty for "the conservation and sustainable use of wetlands". 1. 2. This treaty is a legal binding treaty. Chhose the correct code a) 1only b) 2 only c) Both d) none

  3. Answer:a Explanations: This treaty is not a legal binding treaty and is not a part of UN & UNESCO conventions. Ramsar Convention has two fold objectives viz. Conservation and sustainable utilization of wetlands; and stop the encroachment and loss of wetlands. It is also known as the Convention on Wetlands. It is named after the city of Ramsar in Iran. The Convention was signed on 2nd of February, 1971. The 2nd of February each year is World Wetlands Day. Number of parties to the convention (COP) is169. . . wetlands includes all lakes and rivers, underground aquifers, swamps and marshes, wet grasslands, peatland, oases, estuaries, deltas and tidal flats, mangroves and other coastal areas, coral reefs, and all human-made sites such as fish ponds, rice paddies, reservoirs and salt pans.

  4. Consider the following The inclusion of a "Ramsar Site" in the List embodies the government's commitment to take the steps necessary to ensure that its ecological character is maintained. Q. 1. 2. The country with the highest number of Sites is the United Kingdom with 170 3. The country with the greatest area of listed wetlands is Bolivia. 4. India has 26 Ramsar Sites Chhose the correct code a) 1,2 and 3 (b 2 and 3 only (c) 1, 3 and 4 (d) All of the above

  5. Answer:d Identified Ramsar sites in India pper Ganga River Sarovar Bird Nal Sanctuary Chilika Arabian Sea Bay of Bengal Kolen . Relerences Wetlands of International under Ramsar Convention

  6. Consider the following Ramsar sites are declared as per the recommendation of the Environment Ministry of the respective countries. At the time of joining the Convention, each Contracting Party undertakes to designate at least one wetland site for inclusion in the List of Wetlands of International Importance. Q. 1. 2. Chhose the correct code a) 1 only (b) 2 only (c) both (d) none

  7. Answer: c Explanations: The inclusion of a "Ramsar Site" in the List embodies the government's commitment to take the steps necessary to ensure that its ecological character is maintained.

  8. Q. 1. 2. Consider the following India became a contracting party to the Ramsar Convention in October 1981 It designated Chilika Lake (Odisha) and Keoladeo National Park (Rajasthan) as its first two Ramsar Sites Chhose the correct code a) 1 only (b) 2 only (c) both (d) none

  9. Answer: c Explanations Four additional sites were designated in 1990: Sambhar Lake (Rajasthan), Loktak Lake (Manipur), Harike Lake (Punjab) and Wular Lake (Jammu & Kashmir). Currently, India has 26 Ramsar Sites

  10. Consider the following The Montreux Record is a register of wetland sites on the List of Wetlands of International Importance maintained as part of the Ramsar List. Q. 1. 2. wetlands of India in Montreux record are Keoladeo National Park, Rajastharn Loktak Lake, Manipur and Chilka lake Chhose the correct code a) 1 only (b) 2 only (c) both (d) none

  11. Consider the following The Ramsar Convention works closely with six other organizations known as International Organization Partners (IOPs) Birdlife International, International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), International Water Management Institute are among those. Q. 1. 2. 3. Project funding is done by UNEP only Chhose the correct code a) 1 only (b) 1and 2 only (c) 1 and 3 (d) 3 only

  12. Q. Consider the statements regarding National Wetlands Conservation Programme (NWCP) 1. NWCP was implemented in the year 1985-86. 2. Criteria for identification of wetlands of national importance under NWCP are same as those prescribed under the 'Ramsar Convention on Wetlands' Select the correct answer using the code given below. a) 1 only (b) 2 only (c) Both 1 and 2 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

  13. Q. Which of the following statements is/ are correct? 1. Wembanad lake is located in kerala state 2. It was included in the list of wetlands of international importance, as defined by the Ramsar Convention. a Only 1 b. Only 2 c. Both 1 and 2 d. None of the above

  14. Answer: c Explanations: Vembanad-Kol Wetland Largest lake of Kerala, spanning across Alappuzha, Kottayam, and Ernakulam districts

  15. Q. Which of the following is correctly matched 1. Chandra Taal - Himachal Pradesh 2. Kolleru Lake - Andhra Pradesh 3. Rudrasagar Lake - Tripura 4. Harike Wetland - Andhra Pradesh (a) 1,2 and 3 (b) 1, 3 an 4 (c) 2,3 and 4 (d) all

  16. Answer: d Explanations . Gahirmatha Marine Wildlife Sanctuary, which bounds the Bhitarkanika Wildlife Sanctuary to the east, was created in September 1997, and encompasses Gahirmatha Beach and an adjacent portion of the Bay of Bengal Bhitarkanika Mangroves were designated a Ramsar Wetland of International Importance in 2002 . It is also famous for its salt water crocodiles and Olive ridley sea turtle