ENVIRONMENT AND ECOLOGY current affairs- NOVEMBER
Blackbuck conservation: :- A wildlife conservation reserve dedicated exclusively to the blackbuck is coming up in the Trans-Yamuna region of Allahabad near the MP and UP border. :- Blackbuck or Antilopecervicapra, also known as Indian Antelope is found in India, Nepal and Pakistan. :- It is the sole livingmember of the genus Antilope and is classified under the family Bovidae. :- it is considered to be the fastest animal in the world next to Cheetah. :- The horns of the blackbuck are ringed with one to four spiral turns and the female is usually hornless. :- It is found in Central- Western India and Southern India :- Protection Status: Hunting of blackbuck is prohibited under Schedule I of the Wildlife Protection Act of 1972. It has been categorised least concerned in IUCN Red Data Book :- The Bishnoi community of Rajasthan is known worldwide for their conservation efforts to blackbuck and Chinkara.
Energy efficient project launched :- By The Energy Efficiency Services Limited (EESL), under Ministry of Power in partnership with Global Environment Facility (GEF) for Creating and Sustaining Markets for Energy Efficiency project. :-By 2030, India is committed to achieve 40% of the installed capacity based on clean enerqy sources. - Project will receive composite funding of $454 million comprised of $20 million GEF grant and co-financing of $434 million in form of loans and equity, including $200 million loan from Asian Development Bank (ADB) - Energy efficiency programmes like street lighting, domestic lighting, five-star rated ceiling fans and agricultural pumps will be undertaken to encourage energy efficiency measures like use of electric vehicles, energy efficient building codes etc. :- It will also facilitate sustainable growth by addressing climate change issues, boosting economy and generating greater employment in country.
Global environment facilitu: :- It is an independently operating financial organization was setup as a fund under World Bank in 1991 :- It was established on the eve of 1992 Rio Earth Summit to help tackle our planet's most pressing environmental problems. :- It unites 183 countries in partnership with international institutions, civil society organizations (CSOs), and private sector to address global environmental issues :- Since 1994, however, the World Bank has served as the Trustee of the GEF Trust Fund and provided administrative services. :- addresses six designated focal areas: biodiversity, climate change, international waters, ozone depletion, land degradation and Persistent Organic Pollutants. :- India is both donor and recipient of GEF
Autumn Leaf :- The Autumn Leaf is a rare butterfly species normally found in Karnataka and Kerala. :- It resembles a leaf found in the autumn with an orangish tinge. :- It is spotted for the first time after few years, in the Grizzled Squirrel Wildlife Sanctuary (GSWS), Tamil Nadu. :- GSWS, also known as Srivilliputhur Wildlife Sanctuary, home to the endangered grizzled squirrel, is bordered by Periyar Tiger Reserve and Palaghat gap. : It is considered as one of the Butterfly hotspots
Pitcher plant: :- they are carnivorous plants. :- According to a recent study, carnivorous plants use carbon dioxide (co2) to attract insects and ants to their traps :- It is found that the Indian Pitcher Plant (Nepenthes Khasiana) uses the gas both to attract the prey and to aid the digestive process. :- Carnivorous plants usually grow in places where the soil is thin or poor in nutrients, especially nitrogen. :- Thus these plants derive some or most of their nutrients (but not energy) from trapping and consuming animals or protozoans, typically insects and other arthropods. :- They trap the insects by employing a variety of techniques like nectar, smell colour and ultraviolet fluorescence to capture the prey. :- The high CO2 inside the pitchers is produced by the respiration of tissues within the cavit y :- The CO2 release and prey capture triggers the release of anti-fungal compounds, preventing infections from prey
Biotechnology from Bangalore university, currently preparing for civil services...loves singing, writing poems,thoughts and lyrics.....