Environment and Ecology Current affairs-January 2018
Chiru goat: .Chiru goat is also known as the Tibetan antelope. It is native of China (Tibet, Xinjiang region) and India (North Eastern Ladakh region) and .Protection Status: 'Near Threatened' in IUCN Red List. It has been enlisted in Schedule l .Its numbers and distribution have decreased sharply as a result of commercial hunting regionally extinct in Nepal of Wildlife Protection Act, 1972. for the underfur for making of shawls. quality from Srinagar. At present, Shahtoosh shawls' sale and possession is banned in In India, it is killed for making of the famous Shahtoosh shawls, which is renowned for its India and in many countries. .The parliamentary standing committee on science & technology, environment & forests had recommended to the ministry of environment, to conserve and breed the Chiru goat, which can then be given to the shawl makers. opportunity to the people of Jammu and Kashmir. citing that it may lead to decline in its population due to commercial poaching. The motive behind such recommendation is to provide a sustainable livelihood .However, Ministry of Environmenthas ruled out the possibility of conservation breeding
Q. Consider the following statements 1. China has constructed Xian smog tower, an experimental air purifying tower touted to be the world's biggest at height of over 100 meters (328 feet) to reduce pollution. 2. polluted air is sucked into glasshouses of tower and is then heated up by solar energy. Choose the correct option: a) 1 only b) 2 only c) Both d) none
Answer: c Explanation: Xian smog tower project was announced in 2015 to find low-cost method to artificially remove pollutants from atmosphere such as PM2.5, nitrates and sulphur dioxide which are the most harmful to human health. The polluted air is sucked into glasshouses of tower and is then heated up by solar energy. . The hot air thern moves through multiple cleaning filters and helps in reducing air pollution.
Environmental performance index: India has been ranked 177 among 180 countries in the Environmental Performance Index (EPI) 2018.(141st in 2016) bottom countries are Nepal, India, Congo, Bangladesh, Burundi. metrics of environmental performance. Top 5 countries are Switzerland, France, Denmark, Malta and Sweden To . (EPI) is calculated on the basis of data gathered from 24 individual .10 major environmental issues categories are: Air Quality (household solid fuels and PM2.5 exposure) ,Water & Sanitation, Heavy Metals (lead exposure) ,Biodiversity & Habitat Forests (tree cover loss), Fisheries Climate & Energy (CO2, Methane and Black Carbon Emissions) Air Pollution (SO2 and NOx emission), Water resources (wastewater treatment) ,Agriculture (sustainable practice)
Q. The term M-STRIPES' is sometimes seen in the news in the context of (2017) (a) Captive breeding of Wild Fauna (b) maintenance of Tiger reserves. (c) Indigenous Satellite Navigation System (d) Security of National Highways
Answer:b Explanation: NTCA is a statutory body under the Union Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate change. It was provided statutory status by the Wild Life (Protection Amendment Act, 2006 which had amended Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972. an app named M an app named M-STRiPES (Monitoring System For Tigers- Intensive Protection and Ecological Status) developed by the Wildlife Institute of India, Dehradun, will be used for the first time. Though the app has already been in place in some national parks, its usage and application has been made mandatory only now, for the fourth All-India Tiger Estimation. PES (Monitoring System For Tigers-Intensive Protection and Ecological Status) Drones were recently used for conservation programmes in the forests of Assam and Madhya Pradesh. Drones were used in Panna Tiger Reserve
Q. In India, if a species of tortoise is declared protected under Schedule l of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, what does it imply? (2017) (a) it enjoys same level of protection as the tigers. (b) It no longer exists in the wild, a few individuals are under captive protection; and now it is impossible to prevent its extinction. (c) It is endemic to a particular region of India. (d) Both (b) and (c) stated above are correct in this context.
Answer: a Explanation: Tiger is protected under Schedule I of WPA 1972. Revise WPA(1972. Q. According to the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, which of the following animals cannot be hunted by any person except under some provisions provided by law? (2017) 1. Gharial 2. Indian wild ass 3. Wild buffalo Select the correct answer using the code given below: a) 1 only b) 2 and 3 only (c) 1 and 3 only (d) 1, 2 and 3
Answer: d Explanation: There are six schedules which give varying degrees of protection. Out of the six schedules , Schedule I and part II of Schedule ll provide absolute protection and offences under these are prescribed the highest penalties. The penalties for Schedule III and Schedule IV are less and these animals are protected. . . .Schedule V includes the animals which may be hunted. These are Common crow , Fruit bats, Mice & Rats only. Schedule VI contains the plants, which are prohibited from cultivation and planting
Biotechnology from Bangalore university, currently preparing for civil services...loves singing, writing poems,thoughts and lyrics.....