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Environment and ecology: current affairs- november ( part 4)
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COP 23, NDCs discussed

Biotechnology from Bangalore university, currently preparing for civil services...loves singing, writing poems,thoughts and lyrics.....

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thank you very much, anamika mam please continue...
  1. ENVIRONMENT AND ECOLOGY Current affairs November

  2. COP 23 HIGHLIGHTS :- it was held in Bonn, Germany :- presided over by government of Fiji. :- The conference provided countries around world took opportunity to showcase their actions taken to fulfil pledges under landmark 201S Paris agreement as well as took other decisions including Talanoa Dialogue'. :- It also made progress on framing rules for implementing Paris Agreement post-2020 and brought rich nations on board to walk the talk on pre-2020 commitments The pre-2020 actions refer to existing obligations of small group rich and developed nations to take mitigation actions under Kyoto Protocol. :- On the other hand post-2020 actions are meant for all countries as per their nationally determined contributions (NDCs) under 2015 Paris Agreement.

  3. Talanoa dialogue - is a Fijian concept of negotiations and discussions to arrive at an acceptable solution in transparent manner to resolve differences without putting any blame on any one. :- Talanoa is a traditional word used in Fiji and the Pacific to reflect a process of inclusive, participatory and transparent dialogue by sharing of ideas, skills and experience through storytelling :- The purpose of Talanoa is to share stories, build trust and to make wise decisions, which are for the collective good. :- it has been structured around three questions to arrive at answers with consensus: Where are we? Where do we want to go? How do we get there? :- The dialogue will help parties to UNFCcC review their actions and discuss way forward in terms of raising ambitions before 2020. :- Talanoa will be or ganized in two parts. First, at the level of preparation and second, to form a political consensus.

  4. :- effort will be made in Talanoa dialogue that all countries should start something new before the Paris Agreement is implemented in 2020 so that the temperature rise can stop.

  5. Nationally determined contributions: :- it is a term used under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) for reductions in greenhouse gas emissions - NDCs embody efforts by each country to reduce national emissions and adapt to the impacts of climate change. India's Intended Nationally Determined Contribution: Key elements: :- Sustainable Lifestyles - To put forward and further propagate a healthy and sustainable way of livina based on traditions and values of conservation and moderation. :- CleanerEconomic Development To adopt a climate friendly and a cleaner path than the one followed hitherto by others at corresponding level oif economic development,

  6. - Reducing Emission intensity of Gross DomesticProduct (GDF) To reduce the emissions intensity of its GDP by 33 to 35 percent by 2030 from 2005 level - Increasing the Shareof Non Fossil Fuel Based Electricity - To achieve about 40 percent cumulative electric power installed capacity from non-fossil fuel based energy resources by 2030 with the help of transfer of technology and low cost international finance including from Green Climate Fund (GCF) - Enhancing Carbon Sink (Forests) - To create an additional carbon sink of 2.5 to 3 billion tonnes of CO2 equivalent throuah additional forest and tree cover by 2030. :- Adaptation To better adapt to climate change by enhancing investments in development programmes in sectors vulnerable to climate change, particularly agriculture, water resources, Himalayan region, coastal regions, health and disaster management :- Mobilizina Finance To mobilize domestic and new & additional funds from developed countries to implement the above mitigation and adaptation actions in view of the resource required and the resource gap.

  7. :- Technology Transfer and Capacity Building- To build capacities, create domestic framework and international architecture for quick diffusion of cutting edge climate technology in India and for joint collaborative R&D for such future technologies. So, INDCs emphasise eight key goals - sustainable lifestyles, - cleaner economic development, reducing emission intensity of GDP, increasing the share of non-fossil fuel based electricity, enhancing carbon sink, adaptation and mobilising finance, technology transfer and capacity building.

  8. Migratory birds start arriving in Chilika: :- Major bird congregations have been spotted in the wetlands of the Nalabana Bird Sanctuary inside Chilika and Mangalajodi, a major village on the banks of the lake. :- Low pressure area over the Bay of Bengal and heavy rain delayed the arrival of birds :- Migratory birds fly across continents from Caspian Sea, Baikal Lake and remote parts of Russia, Mongolia and Siberia and flock to the marshy lands of the Nalabana Bird Sanctuary inside the Chilika Lake, which is spread across over 1000 sq. km.

  9. Chilika lake: :- Chilika Lake or lagoon is the largest coastal lagoon or brackish water lake in India and Asia and second largest lagoon in the world after New Caledonian barrier reef in New Caledonia, US. :- It spread over Puri, Khurda and Ganjam districts of Odisha state on east coast of India, covering an area of over 1,100 km2 at mouth of Daya River, flowing into Bau of Benaal. :- In 1981, Chilika Lake was designated the first Indian wetland of international importance under the Ramsar Convention. :- is one of the hotspot of biodiversity in country and some rare, vulnerable and endangered species listed in IUCN Red List. :- It is the largest wintering ground for migratory birds on the Indian sub- continent. Nalaban Island within the lagoon is notified as Bird Sanctuary under Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972. :-

  10. Other facts: al sector for dolphins to play, : Rambha sector in the Chilika Lake is the ide flock and mate because of the stillness of the water in the bay area. :- Chilika, known for its exquisite natural beauty, attracts many tourists because of its dolphin population.