Important MCQs of Environment and Ecolo gy Prelims - 2018
Q. 1 consider the following statement regarding 'secure Himalayan project 1. Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change (MoEFCC) has collaborated with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) for the launch of this project. 2. The project is implemented in specific landscapes of mainly 3 states. 3. It focuses in securing livelihood of people in these landscapes. Which of the statements given above are correct a) 1, 2 and 3 b) 1 and 3 only c) 1 only d) All of the above.
Answer: (b) 1 and 3 only Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change (MoEFCC) has launched this project in collaboration with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). It covers the high Himalayan Ecosystem stretching over 4 states such as Sikkim, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh and Jammu & Kashmir. Landscapes are: Kanchenjunga -Upper Teesta Valley in Sikkim Gangotri Govind and Darma - Byans Valley in Pithoragarh in Uttarakhand Lahaul - Pangi and Kinnaur in Himachal Pradesh Changthang in Jammu and Kashmir . The project was launched in the background of increasing habitat degradation, fragmentation of area which is increasing due to the high dependence of the local communities on the natural resources and unplanned infrastructure.
Q.2 consider the following statement about wetland (conservation and management) rules 2017 1. It replaced 2010 version of wetland rule. 2. New rule insist setting up of a state wetland authority in every state and union territory headed by state environment ministers. A national wetland committee would be set up to monitor the work headed by ministry of environment, forest and climate change(MoEFCC) secretary. 3. Choose the correct option... (a) 1, 2 and 3 (b) 1 and 3 (c) 3 only (d) 2 and 3
Answer. (a) 1,2 and 3 Wetland is transitional land between terrestrial and aquatic eco- systems where water table is usually at or near surface or it may be land covered by shallow water. It supports rich biodiversity and provides wide range of ecosystem services such as water storage, water purification, flood mitigation, erosion control etc. . There are 115 wetlands officially identified by Central Government and of those 26 are identified as wetlands of international importance under Ramsar convention.((an international intergovernmental treaty for conservation of wetlands to which India is party) The rules stipulates for setting up of NWC, headed by MoEFCC Secretary, to monitor implementation of these rules and oversee work carried out by State. .
Q.3 which of the following statement is correct? 1. Project Elephant was launched in 1992. 2. MIKE programme deals with conservation of elephants. 3. Karnataka has the highest number of elephants. India is home to 27,312 Asian elephant population (around 60%) Choose the correct option (a) 1,2 and 3 (b) 2, 3 and 4 (c) 1' and 4 only (d) All of the above
Answer: d (all of the above) Karnataka has highest no of elephants (6049) followed by Assam (5719), kerala (3054) Project elephant was launched in 1992 to protect , their habitats and corridors and to address issue of man animal conflict. MIKE stands for monitoring of illegal killing of Elephants. its objective is to measure levels and trend in the illegal hunting of animals. Mike sites in india: Deomali- Arunachal pradesh Garo hills- Meghalaya Mysore Karnataka chirang ripu, dhang patki- Assam Eastern dooars - WB . .
Q.4 which of the following gases is/are not included in Kyoto protocol 1. Methane 2. Nitrous oxide 3. Ozone 4. Hydro-flurocarbon
Answer: 3 (ozone) It gives the list of 7 Green House gases that are responsible for the whole problem 1. Carbon dioxide (CO2); Methane (CH4); Nitrous oxide (N20) i.e. Killer Gas & water vapor; Hydro fluorocarbons (HFCs); Per fluorocarbons (PFCs); Sulphur hexafluoride (SF6) Nitrogen Trifluoride NF3 (Added recently in Doha COP 2012)
Q.5 consider the following statements about 'Black carbon' The term black carbon was coined by Tihomir Navakov in 1970. Black Carbon or soot refers to the solid particle emitted during incomplete combustion of fossil fuels, biofuels, and biomass. According to a new study by climate researchers, airplanes may be ejecting significant amounts of black carbon (BC). existing up to 18 km into the stratosphere. 1. 2. 3. Choose the correct option below (a) 1and 3 only (b) 2 and 3 only (c) 3 only (d) all of the above
Biotechnology from Bangalore university, currently preparing for civil services...loves singing, writing poems,thoughts and lyrics.....