Environment and Ecology Current affairs-January 2018
National Adaptation Fund for Climate Change (NAFCC).. . NAFCC is a flagship Scheme of Union Government launched in 2015. Under NAFCC 100% central grant is provided to the State Governments for implementing climate change adaptation projects. .The Scheme has been designed to fulfill the objectives of National Action . The National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) is . Under this scheme, Union Government encourages States to come up Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC) and operationalize the State Action Plans on Climate Change (SAPCCs) the National Implementing Entity (NIE) responsible for implementation of adaptation projects under the NAFCC. with innovative and scalable projects to develop resilience against climate change and mainstream it in the planning processes
a. Consider the following statements: 1 'Climate Resilience Building among Farmers through Crop Residue 2. The project aims to mitigate climate change impacts and counter 3. Under this project, implementable and sustainable entrepreneurship Management' is a regional project approved under NAFCC adverse environmental impacts arising from stubble burning. models will be created in rural areas through upscaling successful initiatives and innovative ideas. Choose the correct option given below: a)1 and 2 b)2 and 3 c) 1, 2 and 3 d) 3 only
Answer: c Explanation: The project approved under Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change aims to mitigate climate change impacts and enhance adaptive capacity and counter adverse environmental impacts arising from stubble burning. The first phase of the project was approved for Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan at cost of approximately Rs. 100 crore Stubble burning: the straw burning is age-old agricultural practice followed by farmers biannually by setting fire to their fields to clear the land of residue (straw) of one harvest and sow the next. contributing towards global warming and environmental pollution. It also has an adverse impact on air quality, soil health and human health. The burning emits Carbon Dioxide (CO2), Carbon monoxide (CO) and Nitrous Oxide (NO) along with particulate matter
Schistura larketensis . A new species of blind fish discovered inside a cave in East Jaintia Hills district of Meghalaya the fish gets its name from Larket village, where the cave has been found The species has apparently lost its sight living in the perpetual darkness inside the cave The orbital diameter of fish decreases gradually as its matures with eyes completely absent in older individuals. Small and faintly blackish spot-like depressions are seen in place of eyes, indicating evolutionary and morphological adaptations. . The high level of siltation, pollution and acidification in Jaintia Hills due to coal mining and cement plants is threatening local cave biodiversity
Other facts: . The Union home ministry has brought down (to 10 km from 20km) the range of 'disturbed area' under the Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act (AFSPA) Pradesh following improvement in the law and order situation under Section 3 of AFSPA up to March 31, 2018.(be updated) 1958 in Meghalaya and Arunachal Note: do read about AFSPA. The first India-Myanmar Bilateral Military Exercise 2017 (IMBAX 2017) was held at Joint Warfare Centre at the Umroi Joint Training Node in Meghalaya. Meghalaya became first state in country to operationalize The Meghalaya Community Participation and Public Services Social Audit Act, 2017, a law that makes social audit of government programmes and schemes a part of government practice.
Balsams: . Scientists have discovered four new balsam species from various locations in Eastern Himalayas in northeastern state of Arunachal Pradesh. Balsams are commonly known as jewel weeds because of diverse colour of their flowers. distributed throughout the Eastern Himalayas and the Western Ghats, Sri Lanka, South East Asia, Africa and Madagascar. . The genus is scientifically named as Impatiens, signifying the the impatient nature of the fruits which explode suddenly when ure of the fruits which touched. India is home to more than 230 balsam species. Note earlier odorana arunachalensis (frog species)
Pulicat lake: Flamingo Festival is held every year in Pulicat and Nellapattu to promote tourism. Migratory birds from Siberia have visit this place during winter season for breeding. Pulicat Lake is the second largest brackish water lake or lagoon in India after Chilika Lake. It is located on border of Andhra Pradesh (96%) and Tamil Nadu(4%). The lake encompasses Pulicat Lake Bird Sanctuary. The barrier island of Sriharikota separates the lake from the Bay of Bengal and is home to Satish Dhawan space centre. Arani and Kalangi are two rivers which feed the lagoon. The Buckingham Canal, a navigation channel, is part of the lagoon on its western side. . . .
Biotechnology from Bangalore university, currently preparing for civil services...loves singing, writing poems,thoughts and lyrics.....