Environment and Ecol
Q. 1.Consider the following statement about Agasthyamala Biosphere Reserve (ABR) 1. situated at the southern-most end of the Western Ghats 2. spread over two southern states Karnataka and kerala. 3. It was established in 2001 and In March 2016, it was included in the World Network of Biosphere Reserves of UNESCO. Choose the correct code: a) 1, and 2 (b) 2 and 3 (c) 1 and 3 (d) 1, 2 and 3
Answer: c Explanation: spread over two southern states Kerala and Tamil Nadu. It was established in 2001. It is named after Agastya Mala peak that rises up to almost 1868 m. above sea level, in Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala. sanctuary in Kerala and the Kalakad Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve of Tamilnadu Tahr. It is home to Kanikaran tribe, one of the oldest surviving ancient tribes in It covers Peppara and Shendurney wildlife sanctuaries and parts of the Neyyar It is also home to rare endimic animals include tiger, Asian Elephant, and Nilgiri the world.
Q. 2.Consider the following statement about Nilgiri biosphere reserve it 1. the first biosphere reserve in India established in the year 1986, located in the Western Ghats 2. It encompasses parts of Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Karnataka 3. it was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 2012. 4. It includes the Wayanad and Sathyamangalam wildlife sanctuaries. Choose the correct code 1, and 2 (b) 1, 2 and 3 (c) 1 and 4 (d) all of the above
Nilgiris Biosphere Reserve was constituted by UNESCO in September 1986 under Man and Biosphere Programme. It includes the Mudumalai, Mukurthi, Nagarhole, and Bandipur, Silent Valley national parks, as well as the Wayanad and Sathyamangalam wildlife sanctuaries natural vegetation ranging from dry scrub to evergreen forests and swamps thus contributing to highest biodiversity. The Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve is one of the critical catchment areas of peninsular India. Many of the major tributaries of the river Cauvery like the Bhavani, Moyar, Kabini and other rivers like Chaliyar, Punampuzha, etc., have their source and catchment areas within the reserve boundary. Many hydroelectric power projects are present in the Kundah, Bhavani and Moyar basins Tribal groups like the Todas, Kotas, Irullas, Kurumbas, Paniyas, Adiyans, Edanadan Chettis, Cholanaickens, Allar,Malayan, etc., are native to the reserve
aTler Reservel ocated in state or a) Tamil Nadu b) Karnataka c) Kerala d) Andhra pradesh
Answer: a Explanation: .It is a protected area and tiger reserve along the Western Ghats in the state of Tamil Nadu It was first declared as a wildlife scantuary in 2008 and it is the largest wildlife scantuary in Tamil Nadu. It later became the fourth tiger reserve as a part of project Tiger. . It is a significant wildlife corridor in the Nilgiri Biosphere reserve between western ghats and the rest of the eastern ghats.
Q. 4. consider the following statements 1. Mudumalai Tiger Reserve (MTR) is situated at the tri-junction of Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Kerala The Moyar river flows downstream into the Mudumalai Tiger Reserve The MTR also forms part of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve 2. 3. Choose the correct code: a) 1, and 2 (b) 2 and 3 (c) 1 and 3 (d) 1, 2 and 3
Answer: d Explanation: It is contiguous with Wyanaad Wildlife Sanctuary on the west, Bandipur Tiger Reserve on the north also forms part of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve. natural line of division between Mudumalai and Bandipur Sanctuary. reserves in the state of Tamil Nadu. The Moyar river flows downstream into the Mudumalai Tiger Reserve and is the Sathayamangalam,Kalakkad Mudunthurai and Anamalai are the other tiger
Q. 5. consider the following statements 1. Silent Valley National park is situated in Palakkad, Kerala. 2. It forms a core area in Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve 3. Kunthipuzha river flows across the valley Choose the correct code: a) 1, and 2 (b) 2 and 3 (c) 1 and 3 (d) 1, 2 and 3
Biotechnology from Bangalore university, currently preparing for civil services...loves singing, writing poems,thoughts and lyrics.....