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India Year Book 2018- Highlights
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IYB- HIGHLIGHTS

Anamika
Biotechnology from Bangalore university, currently preparing for civil services...loves singing, writing poems,thoughts and lyrics.....

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Ac
really nice course for beginners ..helped me a lot ....plz continue with course mam
  1. Environment and Ecolo ndia vear Book Highlights


  2. Botanical Survey of India: Botanical Survey of India (BSI) is the apex research organization under Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change for carrying out taxonomic and floristic studies on wild plant resources of the country. It was established in 1890 with the basic objective to explore the plant resources . Sir George King, the then Superintendent of the 'Royal Botanic Garden' Calcutta . Zoological survey of India (ZSI), was established in the year 1916 Headquarters of country and to identify the plants species with economic virtues. was appointed as first ex-officio Honorary Director of the BSI of ZSI is located at Kolkata


  3. Centre for Biodiversity Policy and Law(CEBPOL has The Government of India in collaboration with the Norwegian Government has established a "Centre for Biodiversity Policy and Law (CEBPOL)" in the National esty Authortr or alocihersity Poly ana Biodiversity Authority (NBA), Chennai The main of CEBPOL is to develop professional expertise in biodiversity policies and laws and develop capacity building.


  4. India Biosphere Reserves in the world Network of Biosphere Reserves of UNESCO: . There are 18 designated Biosphere Reserves (BRs) in India. . Out of 18 Biosphere Reserves, 10 Biosphere Reserves have been included in the world Network of Biosphere Reserves of UNESCO Nilgiri (Western Ghats), Gulf of Mannar (Tamil Nadu), Sunderban (West Bengal), Nanda Devi (Uttarakhand), Nokrek (Meghalaya), Pachmarh (Madhya Pradesh), Similipal (Odisha), Achanakmar-Amarkantak (Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh) and Great Nicobar and Agasthymalai(2016-kerala) The idea of 'Biosphere Reserves' was initiated by UNESCO in 1973-74 under its Man and Biosphere (MAB) Programme. The MAB, launched in 1970 by UNESCO, aims to develop a basis for the rational use and conservation of the resources of the biosphere and for the improvement of the relationship between man and the environment . . .


  5. International Tropical Timber Organization (ITTO): an intergovernmental organization that promotes conservation of tropical forest resources and their sustainable management, use and trade. established under the International Tropical Timber Agreement (ITTA), which was sponsored by the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development and was ratified in 1985 Headquarters of ITTA is located at Yokohama, Japan It provides a framework of tropical timber producer and consumer countries to discuss, exchange information and develop policies on issues relating to international trade, utilization of, tropical timber and the sustainable management of its resources base The ITTO publishes a quarterly newsletter, Tropical Forest Update


  6. Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) . came as an outcome of Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro on 5 June 1992 and entered into force on 29 December 1993. It is commonly known as "Biodiversity Convention" is a legally binding document. .India enacted the Biological Diversity (BD) Act in 2002 to give effect to the provision of this Convention . On 29 January 2000, the Conference of the Parties to the Convention orn Biological Diversity adopted a supplementary agreement to the Convention known as the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety. The Protocol seeks to protect biological diversity from the potential risks posed by living modified organisms resulting from modern biotechnology. The Nagoya Protocol on access and benefit sharing (ABS) adopted under the aegis of CBD in 2010, is aimed at fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources.


  7. Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety: Also known as biosafety protocol Adopted in 2000; Came into force in 2003 The Biosafety Protocol seeks to protect biological diversity from the potential risks posed by living modified organisms resulting from modern biotechnology. - Genetically Modified Organisms can be regulated under this protocol Nagoya Protocol: Adopted in Conference of Parties 10 (CoP10) (2010) It deals with access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization to the Convention on Biological Diversity - It is a supplementary agreement to the Convention on Biological Diversity. The Strategic Plan consists of 20 new biodiversity targets for 2020, termed the 'Aichi Biodiversity Targets'


  8. Q. Consider the following: 1. The Basel Convention is related to the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal. 2. The convention was adopted in 1989 in Basel, Switzerland. Choose the correct code a) 1 ly b) 2only c) Both d) None on Montreal Protocol: It seeks to cut the production and consumption of ozone depleting substances (ODS) in order to protect the earth's fragile ozone layer. It also aims at phase out HCFCs by 2030.


  9. The Rotterdam Convention on the prior informed consent procedure for certain Hazardous Chemicals and Pesticides in International Trade came into force in 2004. India acceded to the convention a year later. The Stockholm Convention on persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) is a global treaty to protect human health and the environment from POPs. Vienna Convention The Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer and its Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer are the international treaties specific for the protection of the Stratospheric Ozone (Ozone layer). Global Learning and Observation to Benefit the Environment (GLOBE) is a hands on international environmental science and education programme that brings students, teachers and scientists together to study the global environment.created in 1995


  10. Project Tiger Project Tiger is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme which was launched in 1973. The main objective of Project Tiger to ensure maintenance of a viable population of tigers in India for scientific, economic, aesthetic, cultural and ecological values, and to preserve for all times, areas of biological importance as a national heritage for the benefit, education and enjoyment of the people. . Recently Orang Tiger Reserve in Assam and Kamlang Tiger Reserve in Arunachal Pradesh were notified 49th and 50th tiger reserves in the country, taking coverage of project tiger to 2.2 per cent of the country's area. Project elephnat: centrally sponsored scheme Gaj yatra WCCB