ENVIRONMENT AND ECOLOGY current affairs- NOVEMBER
COP23 climate change summit in Bonn: :- The world's nations are meeting for the 23rd annual "conference of the parties" (COP) under the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) which aims to "prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system. Will be presided over by Prime Minister Frank Bainimarama of Fiji. - the major points of talks will be Paris climate dea 1 2015, curbing carbon emissions after 2020 and the concerns of fund arrangements.
Paris Areement: The Paris Agreement on Climate Change came into effect in November last year - Facilitates enforcement of global greenhouse gas emission (GHGs) reduction measures in the post-2020 i.e. in post Kyoto Protocol scenario. :- Mandatory for all Countries to keep global temperature rising below 2C by 2100 above pre-industrial levels with an ideal target of keeping temperature rise below 15C. - Developed countries to provide 100 billion dollars annually to the developing counterparts beqinning in 2020 and it would increase with time :- Empowers countries to determine how to cut their emissions but mandates that they report transparently on those efforts. - Countries will assess their progress every five years for meeting their climate commitments and submit new plans to strengthen. :- Accord which has been signed bu 195 countries in 2015. - With the decision to pull out, the United States will join the short list of countries including Syria and Nicaragua that are not a part of the Paris Accord. :-
India's Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC): :- India's target for Paris agreement or INDC include a reduction in the emissions intensity of its GDP by 33 to 35 per cent by 2030 from 2005 level. - India has also pledged to create an additional carbon sink of 2.5 to 3 billion tonnes of CO2 equivalent through additional forest and tree cover by 2030 :- India will anchor a global solar alliance, INSPA (International Agency for Solar Policy & Application), of all countries located in between Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn
New ant species discovered in the Western Ghats: :- A new species of ant was found in the Periyar Tiger Reserve in the Western Ghats region. :- It belongs to Tyrannomyrmex, a rare tropical genus of ants that is distributed in the Indomalayan bio-region : Its Bio region extends from southern India and Sri Lanka to Southeast Asia. : It is named as Ty eminent myrmecologist Musthak Ali. rannomyrmexalii as a tribute to country's "Ant Man" Myrmecology:- is a branch of entomology focusing on the scientific study of ants.
Western ghats: :- Western Ghats is a mountain range that runs parallel to the western coast of the Indian peninsula, located entirely in India. :- It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is one of the eight "hottest hot-spots" of biological diversity in the world. :- Highest peak - Anai mudi Q. Biosphere Reserves located in western ghats?
Edible wild banana species discovered: :- The latest discovery, Musa paramjitiana found in North Andaman Island. :- The plant grows to a height of nine meters :- It bears an edible, sweet-and-sour tasting fruit that is boat-shaped and has numerous bulb-shaped seeds :- The fruits and seeds have ethnomedicinal importance. Pseudo-stem and leaves of these species are also used during religious and cultural ceremonies :- Its conservation status has been declared as 'Critically Endangered' as it has so far been spotted in only two locations on the islands, each with 6 to 18 plants in a clump :- In 2014, Musa indandamanensis, wild banana species was discovered in a remote tropical rain forest on the Little Andaman Island. - has dark green cyjlindrical fower buds.
:- The Great Nicobar Biosphere Reserve encompasses a large part (some 85%) of the island of Great Nicobar. - home for large number of endangered species specially salt water crocodile. The Nicobars lie in the Bay of Bengal, eastern Indian Ocean, 190 km to the north of the Indonesian island of Sumatra : In year 2013 it was included in the list of Man and Biosphere program of UNESCO to promote sustainable development based on local community effort and sound science.
Breeding season of Olive Ridley turtles begins: :- Olive Ridley turtles have started arriving in large at Gahirmatha beach in Odisha's Kendrapara district for breedina season. :- Gahirmatha beach is known as world's largest rookery of this species. :- In 2016-17, around 9.75 lakh Olive Ridley turtles came out from the sea to lay eggs along with Odisha coast :- Nasi II Island of Gahirmatha Sanctuary had alone hosted six lakhs :- Also known as the Pacific ridle sea turtle, Olive turtles are a medium-sized species of sea turtle found in warm and tropical waters, primarily in the Pacific and Indian Oceans. :- The olive ridleu is classified as Vulnerable accordina to the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources IUCN), and is listed in Appendix I of CITES. :- The sea turtle are protected under the Migratory Species Convention' and CITES (Convention of International Trade on Wildlife Flora and Fauna) :- India is a sianatoru nation to all these conventions
:- Olive ridley turtles are best known for their behavior of synchronized nesting in mass numbers, termed arribadas : Interestingly, females return to the very same beach from where they first hatched to lay their eggs :- In the Indian Ocean, the majority of these endangered olive ridleys nest in two or three large groups near Gahirmatha in Odisha :- The coast of Odisha in India is the largest mass nesting site for the olive ridley, followed by the coasts of Mexico and Costa Rica
Biotechnology from Bangalore university, currently preparing for civil services...loves singing, writing poems,thoughts and lyrics.....