DNA OF JULY 11/2018 FOR KPSC EXAMS Presented by Shantagouda
About me . Engineering Graduate Cleared KAS 2014 UPSC CSE Mains 2017 Former SAP ABAP Consultant at Wipro Former Excise Sub Inspector(ESI) RATE REVIEW RECOMMEND Follow me on: https://unacademy.com/user/beingshan
Today's Important Issues 1. Section 377 of IPC 2. "SAVE Bellandur Lake" Campaign, 3. World Population Day - July 11, 4. Findings of NFHS-IV - Population Control Challenge, 5. Korean President Moon Jae visit to India, 6. Silk Farmers hit hard by falling prices
1. Section 377 of IPC Section 377 falls under the section of "unnatural offences" in the IPC. Gay sex & gay marriages are illegal according to section 377 of IPC Suresh Koushal case(2013)2013 1. SC had upheld Section 377. 2. It had dismissed the LGBT community as a negligible part of the population, while denying them the right of choice and sexual orientation. OConstitutional Bench currently revisiting Suresh Koushal judgement.
2. "Save Bellandur Lake" Campaign Increased usage ofchemical detergents is said to be reason for fire in lake, Budget 2018 allocated 10 crore to grow Soap stone to incraese usage of natural detergents. According to Environmentalists It is not a solution to issue. They demand: Controlling the sewage that enter lakes-Letting of heavy metals into lake,discarding oil from neighbouring area etc 1. s like kalasipalya,adugodi Creation of Vertical wetlands, which has bed of stone,Sandy soil that allows water to flow from top to bottom can help address artha problem. 2.
3. July 11 - World Population Day World Population day is an annual event, observed on July 11 every year, which seeks to raise awareness of global population issues. The event was established by the Governing Council of the United Nations Development Programme in 1989.
4. NFHS-IV Important findings It was done for 2015-16. OThe survey was conducted after collecting information from 6 lakh households, 7 lakh women and 1.3 lakh men OFor the first time it provides district level estimates
Important findings Infant Mortality Rate (IMR): It has declined from 57 to 41 per 1,000 live births between NFHS-3 (2005-06) and NFHS-4 O Sex ratio at birth (number of females per 1,000 males):It has Institutional births: Increased by 40 percentage points from O Total Fertility Rate (TFR): It also has declined to 2.2 childrenper improved from 914 to 919 at the national level over the last decade. 38.7% in NFHS-3 to 78.9% in NFHS 4. woman from 2.7 in NFHS-3. Underweight children: There was a decline by 7 percentage points, a consequence of improvedchild feeding practices and focus on nutritional aspects of children.
More village women adopting Contraceptives compared to urban women, - Couple having male child is more inclined to adopt family planning, Contraceptive usage is higher among Hindu women compared to Muslim & Christ women, Contraceptive pills, condoms & Copper-T are popular contraceptive tools . Male participation in cotraception is very less(0.3%), In 93 % cases women takes burden of family planning.
Way ahead Increasing the choice of contraceptives for family planning, Male participation should be encouraged as Vasectomy is more safer and easy than women contraceptiv methods, Government should take steps to increase awareness regarding contraceptive methods and advantage of family planning.