IMPORTANT TOPIC FOR KPSC EXAMS Presented by Shantagouda
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Suicide RE F O RMS NEE DED
Introduction "The peasant (in India) is born in debt, lives in debt and dies in debt" - Sir Malcolm Darling This is what Sir Malcolm Darling, a famous British researcher anid writer wrote in 1925 after studying the condition of undivided.
Phrase in Karnataka reflects the status of agriculture. Karnataka 2nd most driest state after Rajastan "Farmers are backbone of India" "Indian agriculture is gambling of monsoons
Statastics As many as 3,515 farmers in Karnataka committed suicide between April 2013 and November 2017, out of which 2,525 were due to drought and farm failure, statistics provided by the State Agriculture Department. . "Sugarcane growers top the list of suicides, followed by cotton and paddy cultivators"
What are the reasons behind farmers suicides in India? The surge in input costs: A major cause of the farmers' suicides in India has been the increasing burden on the farmers due to inflated prices of agricultural inputs Increase in cost of Chemicals and seeds Increase in costs of Agriculture Equipment Increase in Labour costs
. Distressed due to debt Lack of direct integration with markets Water crisis and droughts Climate change Lack of awareness Interstate Water Disputes Lack of access to formal credit - Dependence on local money lenders for credit Failure of Agriculture policies etc
Reports and Committees a Professor Veeresh Committee Swaminathan Committe Farm loan waiver schemes
Reforms Needed Promotion of Zero Budget Natural Farming Promotion of Isreali Model Agriculture Integration of farm produce with markets Lab to Land technology transfer Providing formal credit system Elimination of middlemen Cooperative farming