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THEMES IN INDIAN HISTORY, CLASS 12H NCERT, PART 1
Theme 4: THINKERS,BELIEFS AND BUILDINGS CULTURAL DEVELOPMENTS(600 BC- 600CE
BEYOND WORIDLY PLEASURES The message of Mahavira Basic philosophy already existed in Society Vardhaman Mahavir became 24th tirthankar Philosophy: . . 1. Entire world is animated 3. Not completely disagreed Varna system 4. Five vows for followers:no killing,no stealing,no lying,observe celibacy and no property
The Buddha and the conquest for enlightenment Siddhartha,son of a chief of Sakya clan Sheltered upbringing First traumatic journey Left the palace in search of truth Meditated for several days . . . Attained enlightenment . Taught about the righteous path,dhamma,for the rest of his life
The teachings of the Buddha Teachings have been reconstructed mainly from Sutta Pitaka Buddhist philosophy: World is transient(anicca) . . It is soulless(anatta) Nothing permanent or eternal Sorrow is intrinsic to human existence . Middle path can rise you from WORLDLY trouble:s This social world is creation of humans not of divine origin Be lamps for yourself as all of you must work out your own liberation
Followers of the Buddha . Organisation of monks : Sangha . Monks:bhikkhus:lived on alms .Women were also allowed in Sangha . First woman to ordain as bikkhuni:MAHAPAJAPATI GAUTAMI Followers from many social groups such as king,gahapati,worker slave,etc. All are equal within a Sangh Decision making based on discussion and voting .
Presented by:ARTI CHHAWARI Follow me at Unacademy.com/user/arti1702