Sign up now
to enroll in courses, follow best educators, interact with the community and track your progress.
Download
Theme 3,social differences
762 plays

More
Social differences

Arti Chhawari is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Arti Chhawari
Story teller.Less as a teacher and more as a designer of meaningful experiences.Lets reconstruct our hi(story) together📚

U
Unacademy user
sir baki k lesson kab ayenge
But, I have some doubt. Was there only three varnas in Vedic period ? Initially Varnas was based on occupation then further why were they change the criteria for varna from occupation to birth ?
But, I have some doubt. Was there only three varnas in Vedic period ? Initially Varnas was based on occupation then further why were they change the criteria for varna from occupation to birth ?
Mam, You are explaining well Thanks
nice explanation.........
  1. THEMES IN INDIAN HISTORY, CLASS 12H NCERT, PART 1


  2. Theme 3: KINSHIP, CASTE AND CLASS EARIY SOCITIES (600 BC-600CE)


  3. 3.3.SOCIAL DIFFERENCES The "right" occupation occupation of four varnas sacrifices,g et sacrifices performed.give and receive . BRAHAMANICAL texts contains rules about ideal 1.BRAHAMANAS:To study and teach Vedas,perform gifts 2.Kshatriya:engage in warfare,protect people,administer justice,study Vedas,get sacrifices performed,give gifts 3.Vaishya:study Vedas,get sacrifices performed,make gifts,engage in agriculture,pastoralism,trade 4.Shudra:serve three higher varnas


  4. . Strategies to enforce these norms 1. Assertion of divine origin of Varna order 2. Advised kings to ensure that people follow these norms 3. Persuaded people that their status was determined by birth 4. Tried to enforce them through stories like Mahabharata


  5. NON -KSHATRIYA KINGS 1. Mauryas:social background still a mystery 2. Shakas and Kanvas :were Brahamanas 3. Shakas were regarded as mlechchhas or barbarians 4. Satvahanas were Brahamanas 5. Guptas were vaishyas Political power was open for every one who could muster support and resources


  6. TATIS AND SOCIAL MOBILITY New groups which did not easily fit into the fourfold Varna system were classified as a janti Not much resources available that recorded their history Exception: stone inscription in Mandatory,MP . . . BEYOND THE FOUR VARNAS INTEGRATION population whose social practices not intluenced by BRAHAMANICAL ideas,viewed as suspicious Ex.,forest dwellers,nomadic pastoralists etc


  7. BEYOND FOURVARNAS Some people were considered as outside the system . "Untouchables" . Their activities regarded as polluting Ex.,Chandellas . Duties 1. Live outside the village 2. Use discarded utensil:s 3. Wear clothes of dead and iron ornaments 4. Could not enter into cities and villages at night 5. Dispose unknown bodies Accounts of Chinese pilgrims: a source to know about there life


  8. Presented by:ARTI CHHAWARI Follow me at Unacademy.com/user/arti1702