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THEMES IN INDIAN HISTORY, CLASS 12H NCERT, PART 1
Theme 1:BRICKS BEADS AND BONES (The Harappan Civilisation)
The end of civilisation WHAT HAPPENED? Transformation of material culture Disappearance of weights,seals,writing etc. . House construction techniques deteriorated No construction of public structure. GAP MATURE CIVILISATION
WHY? Climate changed Deforestation Excessive flood Drying up of rivers . Dheri Harappa BUT... . Holds good for certain aP. Rakhigarhi Mitathal Ganweriwala Mohenjo-Daro settlements Thar Desert Cultur ShahKot Diji BalakotAmn koh THEN? Dholavira . A strong unifying element is Lothal the cause of civilisation . Drying up of rivers
1.10.Discovering the Harappan civilisation CONFUSION OF CUNNING Alexander Cu First director general of ASI investigation from 600BCE to 400CE hese bricks can be used to make rail way track from Lahore to Mulan * . Used written sources for . Main interest in the period .Used account of Chinese . Collected documents and pilgrim translated inscriptions Harappa and Harappan artefacts did'nt fit in his framework . .
Presented by:ARTI CHHAWARI Follow me at Unacademy.com/user/arti1702