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Decade of Preparation
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This lesson discusses Italian unification from1849-59

Nandini Maharaj is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Nandini Maharaj
MA in Applied Human Rights from Sheffield Hallam University, BA (Hons.) History from LSR, reader, dancer, love to teach, AIR 42 in 2018 UPSC

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  2. Contents Why Piedmont-Sardinia 1849-59: Decade of Preparation Liberation and Unification: 1850-70

  3. -Why Piedmont-Sardinia: .Kept liberal constitution People began supporting Piedmont because it had fought against Austria Piedmont was the only Italian State which was never been controlled by Austria and her King was only representative of the Native Italian dynasty.

  4. -1849-59: Decade of Preparation .Camillo Cavour became the Prime Minister of Piedmont in 1852 Focused on economic progress Weakened the church (the main pillar of reaction in Italy) Abolished ecclesiastical courts .Introduced civil marriages Reduced privileges of the church Modernised Piedmont Standardised the credit and banking Developed railways and canals Reorganised the army

  5. -Liberation and Unification: 1850-70 Cavour had pressed Albert to grant a constitution and war against Austria .He became an MP Then minister for agriculture, industry and commerce .Then finance minister Then PM in 1852 .When Cavour took post Sardinia has suffered a terrible loss When he died: Italy was among the great powers of Europe, Victor Emmanuel ruled a much larger territory. He was a liberal .believed in free trade, freedom of opinion, secularism Didn't support republicanism or revolutionaries Felt only Sardinia could lead the unification of Italy Staunch Monarchist

  6. emphasis upon the social, economic, spiritual and intellectual issues along with the political problems. .He considered that if Piedmont had to lead the national movement of Italy, she must be made a model state of Italy by raising her up in the political, social, economic and spiritual fields, Thought of Austria as the main enemy, the oppressor of Italy Believed in seeking foreign help for unity (Mazzini believed that only Italians could unify Italy)

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