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Italian Unification: Introduction
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This lesson discusses situation of Italy till 1830.

Nandini Maharaj is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Nandini Maharaj
MA in Applied Human Rights from Sheffield Hallam University, BA (Hons.) History from LSR, reader, dancer, love to teach, AIR 42 in 2018 UPSC

Unacademy user

  2. Content:s Italian Unification The Carbonari . Early Revolutionary Activities

  3. Italian peninsula was political fragmented in the 18th century Napoleans invasion divided it into three entities: Northern part annexed by France (Piedmont, Liguria, Parma, Piacenza, Tuscany, and Rome), the newly created Kingdom of Italy (Lombardy, Venice, Reggio, Modena, Romagna, and the Marshes) ruled by Napoleon himself, and .the Kingdom of Naples, which was first ruled by Napoleon's brother Joseph Bonaparte, but then passed to Napoleon's brother-in-law Joachim Murat. French invasion and occupation introduced revolution ideas, destruction of feudalism and ideas of freedom, equality and nationalism na and the Marsheo) uled by

  4. -Congress of Vienna (1815) restored the pre-Napoleaninc patchwork of Italian states 8 states set up Only one, Peidmont-Sardinia has an Italian ruler Hapsburg princes (connected with Austrian royal house) were re- established in the Grand Duchy of Tuscany, Parma and Modena Papal States to Pope Bourbon rule was restored in the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies (fused together from the old Kingdom of Naples and Kingdom of Sicily Geona was joined to Piedmont to bar the coastal route to the French To Austria, two most prosperous provinces Lombardy and Venice went

  5. The struggle for unification was waged against Austria mainly -Literary works spoke about nationalism: Eg Manzoni's The Betrothed The pope opposed unification

  6. The Carbonari Influential revolution group secret organisation of south Italy of the early 19th century Inspired by French Revolution Members: middle class and intellectuals They were feared by the authorities

  7. Early revolutionary activites: 1820: Sicilies insurrection 1821: Peidmont insurrection July 1830: echoes of the Revolution in France. Local insurrections sprang up in Italy. Revolts in Modena and Papal States .Could not succeed

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