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Franco-Prussian War (1870)
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This is the final lesson in the unification of Germany

Nandini Maharaj is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Nandini Maharaj
MA in Applied Human Rights from Sheffield Hallam University, BA (Hons.) History from LSR, reader, dancer, love to teach, AIR 42 in 2018 UPSC

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i am going to follow your tips and recomendation

  2. Contents Franco-Prissian War (1870-71) -Causes Seige of Paris Impact of German Unification Political Structure of the German Empire

  3. Franco-Prussian War (1870-71) Causes: -France wanted to show itself to be strong (the ruler, Napoleon IlI was considered weak. He also wanted to distract the population from making demands for liberal democratic reforms) -It was afraid of Prussia getting stronger -German nationalism was increasing and Bismarck wanted to capitalise on it Immediate cause : the candidacy of Prince Leopold of Hohenzollern (who was related to the Prussian royal house) for the Spanish throne. This alarmed France, who demanded that Leopold's candidacy be withdrawn

  4. Bismarck diplomatically isolated France and then provoked France to attack. Prussia won at the Battle of Sedarn Seige of Paris: -French emperor was captured -Paris was surrounded Napolean lll's government was overthrown -On 18 January 1871, the German princes and senior military commanders proclaimed Wilhelm "German Emperor" in the Hall of Mirrors of the Palace of Versailles in France. -Treaty of Frankfurt: Alsace and Lorraine went to France German administration was accepted for Paris and northern France -German empire was established.

  5. Papal States were annexed by ltaly, completing its unification

  6. -lmpact of German Unification Overturning balance of power in Europe Indirect cause of WWI: France was humiliated and revengeful Economic growth for Germany .Germany as a colonial power No political or social reform in Germany

  7. Political Structure of the German Empire adjustments) the 1871 Constitution Democratic features: directly elected Imperial Diet with suffrage for all adult men .However, legislation required the consent of the Bundesrat, the federal council of deputies from the states, in and over which Prussia had a powerful influence. Prussia thus exercised influence in both bodies, with executive power vested in the Prussian King as Kaiser, who appointed the federal chancellor. The chancellor was accountable solely to, and served entirely at the discretion of, the Emperor. Officially, the chancellor functioned as a one-man cabinet and was responsible for the conduct of all state affairs; in practice, the State Secretaries (bureaucratic top officials in charge of such fields as

  8. finance, war, foreign affairs, etc.) acted as unofficial portfolio ministers. With the exception of few years, the imperial chancellor was always simultaneously the prime minister of the imperial dynasty's hegemonic home-kingdom, Prussia. The Imperial Diet had the power to pass, amend, or reject bills, but it could not initiate legislation. (The power of initiating legislation rested with the chancellor.) The other states retained their own governments. Bismarck remained the foreign minister, Chancellor and the Minister President, so he had near complete control over domestic and foreign policy

  9. EUROPE IN 1867 N ORWA S WEDE aga Denmak 1864 ond Autmo 866 Baundory of Noth German Carfadiaration Camon mol sares Courlond DEN NG D O M GRE AT BRVT Piedmont-5ardino resp toly 1859-1856 HORTH SEA ATLANTIC THE O CE AN K. O BE LGIUMCdiogne CracomC Ukrain. K. or AUSTRIA MPRE UNG A,R Y FRANCE 5 WIT Trensytvania Lo C Slaven BLACK SEA Repof Marne K INGDOM IEi o nalermo .kang de VaMala NV ALGERIA

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