Ashna Sisodia is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
Course : Modern History (Pre & Mains) Integrated Approach Presented by: Ashna Sisodia
About Me Verified Educator at Unacademy From Chandigarh, India. Political Science and International Relations Optional for Mains 2019 An Educator at Unacademy since October 2016 Appeared in UPSC CSE Mains 2017 and scored 140 marks in Essay paper and 110 marks each in GS 2 and 3 Scored 125+ in Prelims 2017 CSE Btech from UIET, Courses Made so Far: Ashna Sisodia k olowers . India Yearbook 2018 and Learning Maps quickly in 25 Lessons In this Course, Ashna Sisodia will comprehensively cover complete Poitical Sclence and international Relations in the torm of stories and elaborately explain topics, which be helpful in solving Mains Optional Paper in UPSC latest pattern. The Course will be conducted in English and the notes wil also be provided in English - Nuclear security Doctrine-IR & PSIR World History - Module 1 and The Hindu June MCQs The Hindu Weekly Killer Course - June - October 2018 - Crash Course on International Organizations and - Ancient History and Answer Writing on Geography https://unacademy.com/user/AshnaSisodia International Relations Mains
Reforms of Cornwallis, Bentick and Dalhousie
. Abolished dual system . Rohilla war, Treaty of Surat . Treaty of Purandar Holwell (Officiating; 176c0) 1765-67 A.D. Warren Hastings 1786-1793 A.D 1757-60 A.D. Vansittart Robert Clive 1760-65 A.D. First Admn. Robert Clive 2nd admn. 1773-1785 A.D. Lord Cornwallis .Permanent Settlement in Bengal Established dual system Cornwallis code father of the Civil Services Treaty of Seringapatam . Timeline of Governor General
Father of Modern Western Education in India Abolition of Sati (1829) and Banned female infanticide (1829) Suppression of thuggee thugs Macaulay's minutes on Education (1835) English was made the official language of India (1835) Abolition of provincial court of appeal 1798-1805 A.D. Lord Hastings 1828-35 A.D 1848-56 A.D Lord Hardinge 1844-48 A.D. Lord Dalhousie Lord Wellesley 1813-1823 A.D Lord William Bentinck Treaty of sugali Creation of Bombay . Subsidiary Alliance system Formation of Madras presidency Presidency (1818) Ryotwari settlement in Madras Mahalwari system of land revenue
Treaty of Lahore (1846) end of Sikh sovereignty in India Prohibition of female infanticide and human sacrifice among Gonds of central India 1828-35 A.D. 1848-56 A.D. Lord Hardinge 1857 Revolt Lord William Bentinck 1844-48 A.D. Lord Dalhousie .Abolished Title and Pension Annexation of Panjab Doctrine of Lapse Woods Dispatch (1854) Widow Remarriage Act Santhal uprising Introduced Bon-Regulation System Railways, Telegraph and postal system .
Cornwallis 1786-1793 A.D Reforms of Cornwallis: 1. Administrative Reforms 2. Reforms in Police Department 3. Judicial Reforms 4. Civ 5. Faujdari Courts 6. Land Revenue Reforms / il Courts Permanent settlement of Bengal
Administrative Reforms 1. Depriving the Indian of high administrative 2. 3. Checked corruption by increasing the posts Deprived the collectors of the judicial powers Reforms in the police department - Reorganization is necessary salaries Earlier the police authority was in the hands of the Zamindars -well organized police department The Smallest unit - police station Incharge daroga Several police stations in a district At district level , superintendent of police -English or European
JUDICIAL REFORMS . Gave English touch to the Indian judicial system Maintained status quo in panchayat system Set up court for Diwani cases codified the laws known as Cornwallis code . - CIVIL COURT Amin or munsif court District court Four provincial courts of appeal Sadar diwani Adalat King in council
FAUJDARI COURTS Court of Daroga District courts Four circuit courts Sadar Nizamat Adalat Penal code Cornwallis code
PERMANENT SETTLEMENT OF BENGAL OR LAND REVENUE REFORMS OF CORNWALLIS 1. Defects in the pre-Cornwallis land-revenue system Zamindars unable to deposit amount Zamindars would change the rate of bidding every year Deposited the fixed amount in the company treasury Used to exploits the peasants Pay enhanced land reven British Government Zamindars Peasants 2. Three problems of land revenue system Zamindari System (Permanent Settlement) With whom agreement of land revenue be signed At what rate land revenue received Tenure of agreement permanent or few years
Land Tenure Systems in British Indic 3. Solution provided by Cornwallis Ryotwari Settlement Madras Collected through zamindars Land revenue should be collected at the fixed rate Land revenue should be collected on permanent basis Mahalwari in North West Provinces 1822 AD Ryotwari Settlement, Bombay 1835 AD Sepoy Mutiny 1857 AD Permanent settlement, Bengal Talukdari in Awadh 1858 AD 793 AD 1800 AD 1850
MERITS OF THE PERMANENT STTLEMENT 1. 2. 3. System fixed the governments income If zamindar fail to deposit revenue his land would be sold Government got rid of the practice of fixing land revenue after five or ten years 4. System increased the agricultural produce 5. With increase in agricultural produce Bengal became a rich province With increase in agricultural produce trade also flourished With this system zamindars became rich 6.
. ADMINISTRATIVE REFORMS Appointment of Indians Combined the posts of collection and magistrates Liberal attitude towards newspaper . . JUDICIAL REFORMS . Abolition of courts of appeal and circuit . Separate courts for N.W province in Allahabad . Appointment of Indians as judge . Use of native languages . Jury system
REFORMS OF LORD DALHOUSIE . Railway, postal and telegraph reforms ADMINISTRATIVE REFORMS Appointment of It. governor in Bengal - Non-regulation system in new territories 11.1m Annual administrative reports from province Shimla as the summer capital Competitive examination of high posts
MILITARY REFORMS .Artillery should be at some central place to meet . Army head quarter set up in .Raised a Gurkha regiment and . Three regiments of European exigencies Shimla troops of irregular army soldiers were raised in existing force.
PUBLIC WORKS - Establishment of separate public . ECONOMIC REFORMS Open trade between India and England Development of iron and coal mines Increase in production of jute, tea and cotton Administration of forests works department Roads, canals and bridges Measures for preservation of historical buildings SOCIAL REFORMS . Prohibition of sati and female infanticide . Widow remarriage act . End of human sacrifice
EDUCATIONAL REFORMS Impart education to the Indians is our moral duty Main object of universities should be conduct examination . EDUCATION REFOR . Set up in presidency towns Native languages should be taught in lower classes Private institutes promoted with grant in aid . Primary education should be promoted . Study of native languages should be promoted