Ashna Sisodia is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
Course : Modern History (Pre & Mains) Integrated Approach Presented by: Ashna Sisodia
About Me Verified Educator at Unacademy From Chandigarh, India. Political Science and International Relations Optional for Mains 2019 An Educator at Unacademy since October 2016 Appeared in UPSC CSE Mains 2017 and scored 140 marks in Essay paper and 110 marks each in GS 2 and 3 Scored 125+ in Prelims 2017 CSE Btech from UIET, Courses Made so Far: Ashna Sisodia k olowers . India Yearbook 2018 and Learning Maps quickly in 25 Lessons In this Course, Ashna Sisodia will comprehensively cover complete Poitical Sclence and international Relations in the torm of stories and elaborately explain topics, which be helpful in solving Mains Optional Paper in UPSC latest pattern. The Course will be conducted in English and the notes wil also be provided in English - Nuclear security Doctrine-IR & PSIR World History - Module 1 and The Hindu June MCQs The Hindu Weekly Killer Course - June - October 2018 - Crash Course on International Organizations and - Ancient History and Answer Writing on Geography https://unacademy.com/user/AshnaSisodia International Relations Mains
Reforms of Cornwallis, Bentick and Dalhousie
Cornwallis 1786-1793 A.D Reforms of Cornwallis: 1. Administrative Reforms 2. Reforms in Police Department 3. Judicial Reforms 4. Civ 5. Faujdari Courts 6. Land Revenue Reforms / il Courts Permanent settlement of Bengal
PERMANENT SETTLEMENT OF BENGAL OR LAND REVENUE REFORMS OF CORNWALLIS 1. Defects in the pre-Cornwallis land-revenue system Zamindars unable to deposit amount Zamindars would change the rate of bidding every year Deposited the fixed amount in the company treasury Used to exploits the peasants Pay enhanced land reven British Government Zamindars Peasants 2. Three problems of land revenue system Zamindari System (Permanent Settlement) With whom agreement of land revenue be signed At what rate land revenue received Tenure of agreement permanent or few years
Land Tenure Systems in British Indic 3. Solution provided by Cornwallis Ryotwari Settlement Madras Collected through zamindars Land revenue should be collected at the fixed rate Land revenue should be collected on permanent basis Mahalwari in North West Provinces 1822 AD Ryotwari Settlement, Bombay 1835 AD Sepoy Mutiny 1857 AD Permanent settlement, Bengal Talukdari in Awadh 1858 AD 793 AD 1800 AD 1850
FEATURES OF PERMANENT SETTLEMENT OF BENGAL Zamindars accepted as the permanent owners of land Zamindars free to buy or sell their lands Revenue was fixed permanently No direct link between the peasants and the company Zamindars would not pay any other tax Zamindar fail to deposit their revenue , the company recover it by selling their lands . . Different Land Revenue Policies of British . Land Revenue Regions System Permanent Bengal, Settlement Bihar, Orrisa Ryotwari System Mahalwari North West System . Regions Regions
MERITS OF THE PERMANENT STTLEMENT 1. 2. 3. System fixed the governments income If zamindar fail to deposit revenue his land would be sold Government got rid of the practice of fixing land revenue after five or ten years 4. System increased the agricultural produce 5. With increase in agricultural produce Bengal became a rich province With increase in agricultural produce trade also flourished With this system zamindars became rich 6.
DEMERITS OF PERMANENT SETTLEMENT 1. Settlement safeguarded the interests of zamindars only 2. Settlement proved harmful for the company 3. Settlement was detrimental because the rate was very high 4. Government increases taxes Zamindars became lazy and pleasure seekers 6. Brought a great transformation in the Indian society 7. Birth to powerful zamindars class and class of poor peasants
VARIOUS REFORMS OF WILLIAM BENTINCK a) Economy in civil and military system Steps were taken to increase income and cut expenditure Abolished sinecure posts . . Official expenditure was cut down .Salaries were reduced Halved the allowance of employees who working withinFINANCIAL 400 miles Saved lot of money by abolishing provincial courts Starts appointing Indians on administrative posts REFORMS . . b) Efforts to increase Govt income License for opium Confiscation of jagirs Land revenue system of N.W province
EDUCATIONAL REFORMS New educational policy Establishment of new colleges PUBLIC WELFARE WORKS Construction of SOCIAL REFORMS roads and canals Calcutta to Delhi facilities to farmers . Abolition of sati system . GT road from Abolition of thugee . Abolition of female infanticide . End of human sacrifices . Provide irrigational
MILITARY REFORMS .Artillery should be at some central place to meet . Army head quarter set up in .Raised a Gurkha regiment and . Three regiments of European exigencies Shimla troops of irregular army soldiers were raised in existing force.
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