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Political Causes : Part 1
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In this lesson Ashna talks about the political causes that has resulted into the great uprising of 1857 A.D.

Ashna Sisodia is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Ashna Sisodia
PSIR Optional Faculty, having scored 125+ in the prelims and 140 in Essay Paper and 110+ each in GS Papers in the UPSC Mains 2017.

Unacademy user
Interesting! easy to understand.
  1. Course : Modern History (Pre & Mains) Module 2 Integrated Approach Presented by: Ashna Sisodia

  2. About Me Verified Educator at Unacademy From Chandigarh, India. An Educator at Unacademy since October 2016 Appeared in UPSC CSE Mains 2017 and scored 140 marks in Essay paper and 110 marks each in GS 2 and 3ao Scored 125+ in Prelims 2017 Political Science and International Relations Optional for Mains 2019 . Ashna Sisodia . CSE Btech from UIET, Courses Made so Far In this Course, Ashna Sisodia will comprehensively cover complete Poitical Sclence and nternational Relations in the form of stories and elaborately explain topics, which will be helptul in solving Mains Optional Paper in UPSC latest pattern. The Course will be conducted in English and the notes wil also be provided in English India Yearbook 2018 and Learning Maps quickly in 25 Lessons Nuclear security Doctrine IR & PSIF World History - Module 1 and The Hindu June MCQs The Hindu Weekly Killer Course June 2018 Crash Course on International Organizations and International Relations Modern History and Answer Writing on Geography Mains

  3. Modern History (Pre and Mains) for UPSC CSE Enroll 1k 55 lessons, 8h Om unacademy Module 1 Topic 1: Mughal Emperors after 12:45 Aurangzeb- Bahadur Shah & Jahandar Shah Mughal Emperors- Farukh Siyar &Sayeed Brothers 3. 9:19 Jahandar Shah (1712-13) Farrukh Siyar (1713-19) Rafi-ud-darajat, 1719 . Only 20 yrs old Sayyed brothers .Nobles of the Mughal . At once they were . After death of BahadurWith the help of sayyed Shah- war of brothers occupied the thrones PM-Abdullah khan Commander-in-chief: Hussain Ali weak, coward and imbecile I ruler Expedition against banda bahadur Suffered from T.B Nominal head only Real powers enjoyed by Sayyed brothers After his death, his cousin was enthroned court Causes of Aurangzeb's Failure 9:55 Part 1 succession among his sons governors of Allahabad and Bihar Helped in dethroning in Jahandar Shah King-makers Policy of tolerance towards Hindus. Came to power in 1712 A.D. 5. Causes of Aurangzeb's Failure 8:08 . Appointed relatives at | . . Part 2 high position- incapable . 6. Causes leading to Downfall of 8:23 .Farrukh Siyar Sayyed brothers killed him Mughal Empire Defects in Mughal Administration Rise of Local Powers: Rajput murdered him 7. 11:06 Topic 1: Mughal Emperors after Aurangzeb- Bahadur Shah & Jahandar Shah 8. 8:19 Marathas, Sikhs and Jats Module 1 3,536 plays f < 9 Foreign Invasions: Cause of Downfall of Mughal Empire 10:32

  4. THE GREAT UPRISING OF 1857 A.D Rani Kakshmibai

  5. CAUSES OF REVOLT POLITICAL CAUSES 1. British policy of expansionism 2. Wellesley subsidiary system 3. Unethical moves of Ellenborough and Hardinge 4. Lord Dalhousie unprincipled policy.of expansionism 5. Dalhousie policy of lapse 6. Injustice with nana sahib 7. Unjustified annexation of Oudh by the britishers 8. Humiliation of Mughal empire 9. Problem of unemployed soldiers 10. Impact of Crimean and afghan wars 11. Desire to get freedom from slavery

  6. INDIA During 1857 A.D AFGANISTAN KASHMIR ADMINISTRATIVE CAUSES PUNJAB Lahore ATI 1. India ruled from England 2. III-treatment of the Indians BHUTAN Owaliornpore Indians deprived of high posts SIN RAJPUTANA HOLKAR 4. Absence of direct contact with ELKEWAehri BIHAR CUTCH Map of India during 1857 revolt common people No Indian member in the legislative BERAR Cuttac council 6. Implementation of rule of law 7. Unpopular British judicial system 8. Unjust land revenue system 9. Faulty police system 10. Discontentment against foreign rule NIZAM HYDERABAD ARBIAN SEA BAY O F BENGAL MYSOREO ANDAMAN & NIC OBER IS British India Hindu States Muslim States 1. Appointment of the Inam commission

  7. ECONOMIC CAUSES Exploitation of Indians by britishers 2. 1. Indian became a market 3. Destruction of Indian industries Disruption of self-dependent economy of villages drain of Indian wealth to foreign countries 6. Blow to Indian trade 7. Miserable conditions of peasants and their bankruptcy 8. Confiscation of rent free lands 9. Maltreatment with indigo cultivators 10. Maltreatment with talukdars 11. Several Indians deprived of their jobs 12. Educated Indians deprived of high posts 13. Periodical famines

  8. SOCIAL AND RELIGIOUS CAUSES 1. Racial discrimination and hatred 2. Spread of Christianity 3. Spread of western education 4. Unpopular measures of lord Dalhousie 5. Reaction against social reforms 6. Conservative attitude towards new inventions 7. Attack on Hindu culture 8. Violation of Islamic rituals and practices 9. Belief about change of rule after a century

  9. MILITARY CAUSES 1. Soldiers-an important organ of Indian society 2. Disproportionate number of European and Indian soldiers 3. Appointment of military officers to civil posts 4. Low salaries and allowances of Indian sepoys 5. Discriminations with Indian sepoys regarding promotions 6. Blow to self-respect to Indian sepoys 7. Blow to the religious feelings of Indian soldiers 8. Bad effects of the annexation of Oudh 9. Opposition to the general service enlistment act 10. Faulty classification of the troops 11. Characteristics qualities of Bengali sepoys 12. Bad effects of the first afghan war 13. Circulations of mysterious chapatis 14. Immediate cause

  10. What led to the mutiny The rebellion of 1857 was not predicated on a single event, rather, it was an accumulation of various factors. Tallow and lard-greased cartidges delivered the final blows that triggered the uprising. CartridgeGun How it was loaded Pacase Powder 1 Soldiers had to tear open the end of the cartridge with their teeth. The grease was rumoured to be derived from beef and pork. 2 They then had to pour the gunpowder into the muzzle of the rifle, and thrust the bullet -still wrapped in the cartridge paper-into it 3 They would then take the ram-rod from its slot beneath the rifle barrel, bring it to the ready add a percussion cap, set the target and fire Enfield Pattern 1853 rifle-musket Bullet - Grease

  11. EVENTS OF THE REVOLT 1. Beginning of the revolt 2. Meerut 3. Delhi 4. Kanpur 5. Lucknow 6. Benares and Allahabad 7. Central India 8. Bihar 9. Bareilly and Places involved in the revolt of 1857 o Kabul KASHMIR Srinagar CHINA Amroha TIBET MultanNEPAL EtawahALucknow owelior Kanpur Jhansi Patna Tropic of Cancer Shahjahnpur 10. Punjab Barrackpur ANagpur

  12. NATURE OF THE REVOLT OF 1857 A.D First view point: a military revolt 1. Military grievances; main cause of revolt 2. Greased cartridges ; an immediate cause 3. Revolt started by the sepoys 4. Support by disgruntled rulers 5. Lack of interest by the masses From Meerut To Delhi The Route Our Freedom Fighters Took Meerut Victoria Park May 10, 1857 Jani Buzurg Katha Dola Khajuri KhaKhekra Delhi (Red Fort) May 11, 1857 May 11, 1857 Morning 7. a.m.

  13. CAUSES OF THE FAILURE OF THE REVOLT 1. Revolt of 1857 was localized restricted and disorganized 2. Loyalty of the native rulers to the britishers 3. Limited resources of the rebels 4. Lack of able Reasons for Failure of 1857 Revolt leadership and experience k of organization among the rebels Military Reasons Ideological Reasons Administrative Reasons 6. Early outbreak of the revolt 7. Absence of high ideal among the rebels 8. Insolence of Bengali sepoys 9. The rebels remained deprived of the peasants support 10. Sikhs and Gurkhas provided Support to the British 11. Rebels lacked better weaponry 12. Role played by railways and telegraph 13. Britishers policy of divide and rule There was no planning among the rebels. It was an unorganized effort British army wasrtcipate superior in organisation -All sections did not princes and educated classes) British army had unlimited supplies There was no alternative to feudalism put forth by the rebels The leadership The rebels had limited supplies -was weak. There was no direction to the movement and outdated ammunition

  14. 13. Reorganization of fiscal systenm 14. Re-organisation of police department 15. Reforms in judicial system 16. Adoption of the policy of divide and rule

  15. SOCIAL AND RELIGIOUS EFFECTS 1. Widening of the gulf between the Indians and Europeans 2. Relations between the Hindus and Muslims strained 3. Policy of discrimination in services was abandoned 4. Religious freedom 5. Set back of Muslim renaissance 6. End of government interference in Indians social custom 7. Progress in education 8. Birth of socio-religious movements 9. Emotional effects Raja Ram Mohan Roy Swami Dayananda Saraswati Bankim Chandra Chatterjee

  16. India in 1858 Bombay MADRAS Presdency Boundaries

  17. Thank you Very much Knowl dge is t e new Currency R E V I EW & RECOM SHARel