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ABOUT MY SELF NAME Star Educater) : SHALINI MISHRA (Unacademy . QUALIFICATION : UGC NET QUALIFIED OCCUPATION : ASST. PROFESOR
Thinkerl Erving Goffman
e Collins links Goffman more to social anthropology than to symbolic interactionism.Influenced by the former, he held a distinctive perspective which had a Dowerful influence orn the latter. It could be argued that he had a hand in shaping another creative sociology-ethno methodology. Recognized as a symbolic interactionist,he remained best known for his dramaturgical theory e Major Works: Presentation of self in everyday life (1959) Role Distance (1961) Stigma (1963)
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Sociologist Erving Goffman (1922-1982) recasted the theatrical term dramaturgy into a sociological term. He used the term to mean that social life is like a drama or a stage play: Birth ushers us onto the stage of every- day life, and our socialization consists of learning to perform on that stage. The self lies at the ce nter of our performances.
e We have ideas of how we want others to think of us, and we use our roles in evervday life to communicate those ideas. Goffman called these efforts to manage the impressions that others receive of us impression management. ryday life, said Goffman, involves playing our assign roles. We have front stages on which to perform them, in fact, we spend most of our time on front stages, for a front stage is wherever we deliver our lines. We also have baclk stages, places where we can retreat and let our hair down When we close the bathroom or bedroom door for privacy, for example, you are entering a back stage.
e same setting can serve as both a back and a front stage. For example, when we get into our car and look over our hair in the mirror or check our makeup, we are using the car as a back stage. Everyday life brings with it many roles, . The same person may be a student, a teenager, a shopper, a worker, and a date, as well as a daughter or a son. Although a role lays down the basic outline for a performance, it also allows a great deal of flexibility The particular emphasis or interpretation that we give a role, our "style," is known as role performance