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Shalini mishra is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Shalini mishra
A passionate teacher, NET qualified, UGC NET Qualified. 9 years of teaching experience. Love to give my knowledge to all students in need.

U
Unacademy user
Thank you sir for the useful review...Sir please tell what material should be used and which topics should be focused on for preparation of 2018 ESE prelim??
  1. ABOUT MY SELF NAME Star Educater) : SHALINI MISHRA (Unacademy . QUALIFICATION : UGC NET QUALIFIED OCCUPATION : ASST. PROFESOR


  2. Thinkerl George Herbert Mead


  3. e Mead was born February 27, 1863 in South Hadle Massachusetts. He was raised in a Protestant, middle- class family comprising his father, Hiram Mead, his mother, Elizabeth Storrs (Billings) Mead, and his sister Alice


  4. Writings 1932. The Philosophy of the Present. 1934. Mind, Self, and Society. Ed. by ing, online e 1936. Movements ofThought in the Nineteenth Century. Ed. by C. W. Morris cago niversity o ess 1938. The Philosophy of the Act. Ed. by C.W. Morris et al Press niversityo ica e 1964. Selected Writinqs. Ed. by A. J. Reck. University of Chicago Press prepared for publication . ISBN 978-0-226-51 This volume collects articles Mead himself e 1982. The Individual and the Social Self: Unpublished Essays by G. H. Mead. Ed by David L. Miller. Univ 2001. Essays in Social Psychology. Ed. by M. J. Deegan hicago Press, ISB N 978-0-608-0


  5. Pragmatism and symbolic interaction . Much of Mead's work focused on the development of the self and the objectivity of the world within the social realm: he insisted that "the individual mind can exist only in relation to other minds with shared meanings (C


  6. . The two most important roots of Mead's work, and symbolic interactionism in general, are the philosophy of pragmatism and social (as opposed to psychological) behaviorism (i.e.: Mead was concerned with the stimuli of gestures and social objects with rich meanings rather than bare physical objects which psychological behaviourists considered stimuli) Pragmatism is a wide-ranging philosophical position from which several aspects of Mead's influences can be identified ot


  7. here are four main tenets of pragmatism to pragmatists true reality does not exist "out there" in the real world, it "is actively created as we act in and toward the world." 2) people remember and base their knowledge of the world on what has been useful to them and are likely to alter what no longer "works." people define the social and physical "objects" they encounter in the world according to their use for them Lastly, if we want to understand actors, we must base that understanding on what people actually do 3)


  8. . Three of these ideas are critical to symbolic interactionism: ) 2) 3) the focus on the interaction between the actor and the world a view of both the actor and the world as dynamic processes and not static structures and the actor's ability to interpret the social world


  9. . Thus, to Mead and symbolic interactionists, consciousness is not separated from action and interaction, but is an integral part of both. Symbolic interactionism as a pragmatic philosophy was an antecedent to the philosophy of transactionalism


  10. Social philosophy (behaviorism) e Mead was a very important figure in 2oth century social philosophy. One of his most influential ideas was the emergence of mind and self from the communication process between organisms, discussed in Mind, Self and Society, also known as social behaviorism Mead, like Dewey, developed a more materialist process philosophy that was based upon human action and specifically communicative action. Human activity is, in a pragmatic sense, the criterion of truth, and through human activity meaning is made. Joint activity, including communicative activity, is the means through which our sense of self is constituted


  11. The essence of Mead's social behaviorism is that mind is not a substance located in some transcendent realm nor is it merely a series of events that takes place within the human physiological structure. This approach opposed the traditional view of the mind as separate from the body. The emergence of mind is contingent upon interaction between the human organism and its social environment; it is through participation in the social act of communication that individuals realize their potential for significantly symbolic behavior, that is, thought


  12. ction is very important to his social theory and, according to Mead, actions also occur within a communicative process. The initial phase of an act constitutes a gesture. A gesture is a preparatory movement that enables other individuals to become aware of the intentions of the given organism. The rudimentary situation is a conversation of gestures, in which a gesture on the part of the first individual evokes a preparatory movement on the part of the second, and the gesture of the second organism in turn calls out a response in the first person, On this level no communication occurs. Neither organism is aware of the effect of its own gestures upon the other; the gestures are nonsignificant. For communication to take place, each organism must have knowledge of how the other individual will respond to his own ongoing act. Here the gestures are significant symbols


  13. "I" and This process is characterized by Mead as the the "Me". The "Me" is the social self and the "T" is the response to the "Me." In other words, the "I" is the response of an individual to the attitudes of others, while the "me" is the organized set of attitudes of others which an individual assumes


  14. Philosophy of science o Mead is a major American philosopher by virtue of being, lohn Dewey, Charles Peirce and William James along with one of the founders of significant contributions to the philosophies of nature, science, and history, to ragmatism He also made hilosophical anthropolo and rocess philosoph Dewey and Alfred North Whitehead is a classic example of a social theorist whose work does not fit easily within conventional disciplinary boundaries. considered Mead a thinker of the first rank, He


  15. far as his work on the philosophy of science, Mead sought to find the psychological origin of science in the efforts of individuals to attain Dower over their environment. The notion of a physical object arises out of manipulatory experience. There is a social relation to inanimate objects, for the organism takes the role of things that it manipulates directly, or that it manipulates indirectly in perception. For example, in taking (introjecting or imitating) the resistant role of a solid object, an individual obtains cognition of what is "inside" nonliving things. Historically, the concept of the physical obiect arose from an animistic conception of the universe.


  16. n the game stage, organization begins and definite personalities start to emerge. Children begin to become able to function in organized groups and most importantly, to determine what they will do within a specific group e Mead calls this the child's first encounter with "the eneralized ", which is one of the main concepts Mead proposes for other understanding the emergence of the (social) self in human beings. "The generalized other" can be thought of as understanding the given activity and the actors' place within the activity from the perspective of all the others engaged in the activity. Through understanding "the generalized other" the individual understands what kind of behavior is expected, appropriate and so on, in different social settings.