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D22/P1 Maratha confedaracy Introduction
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मराठा राज्य संघ (1720-1818)

Pavan Choudhary is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Pavan Choudhary
Winner of Clever invention award December 2018, No.1 Educator in MPPSC Category Director Saarthi Education, Youtuber

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  1. MPPSC MAINS PAPER 1 PART A TOPIC 1.4 Impact of British Rule on Indian Economy and Society, Indian Response to British rule: Peasant and Tribal Revolts, The first struggle of Independence Topic 1.5 Indian Renaissance: The freedom National Movement and its Leader (with special reference to M.P.)

  2. STRATEGY AND DECODING OF SYLLABUS Topic divided into 8 Courses o Later Mughal o Arrival of Europeans o British Empire (1757-1857) o The Revolt of 1857 o Nationalist Movement (1858-1905) o Nationalist Movement (1905-1918) o Struggle for Swaraj (1918-1927) o Struggle for Swaraj (1927-1947)


  4. MARATHA CONFEDARACYGRT (1720-1818) THE MARATHA KINGDOM o An independent regional kingdom was established In Maratha region in 17th C. under the initiative of shivaji o Maratha state 1674-1720 o Maratha confederacy: 1720-1818

  5. Balaji Vishwanath (1713-20):First Pehwa o He began his career as a small revenue official and was given the title of Sena karte (marker of the army) by shahu in 1708 o Became Peshwa in 1713 o He conclude an agreement with the Sayyed brothers- king makers (1719) by which The mughal emperor Farrukh siyar recognized shahu as the king of the swarajya

  6. He allowed shahu to collect chauth and sardeshmukhi from 6 mughals provinces of the Deccan including the Carnatic and Mysore Baji Rao I (1720-1740) o Son of balaji vishvanath , succeeded his father as peshwa at the age of 20 o He initiated the system of confederacy among the Maratha chief "Each Maratha chief was assigned a territory which could be administrated autonomously"

  7. o As a result, many Maratha families became prominent during 1733 and establish authority in different parts of India Gaekwad Baroda Bhonsle Nagpur Holkars Indore Scindhias Gwalior Pawars Dhar Peshwas Poona

  8. Holkars of Indore Malhar rao Holkar (1733-1767) O In 1720 Raonandlal Choudhary shifted capital from small town Kampel to Indore and established City on Bank of River Khan O Named on old Indreshwar temple O In 1733 Maratha Sardar Malhar rao Holkar got Sanad of 5 Mahals including Indore from Peshwa Bajirao

  9. O In 1734 Malhar Rao established camp at Malharganj (Inodre) Completed capture of Whole territory Ahilya Bai Holkar (1767-1795) o Shifted Capital from Indore to Maheshwar o Shiv Devoteel fRid O o Built many Temple- Dwarka in Gj, kashi Vishwanath UP HI ZT Tukoji Rao Holkar (1795-1797) o Commander of Rani Ahilya Bai

  10. Yashwant Rao Holkar (1797-1811) At the time of Senond Anglo Maratha War he Tried to freed delhi from British control during time of Shah Alam II o Shah Alam Il gave him title of Rajrajeshwar Alija Bahadur o Signed "Treaty of Rajghat" with British

  11. Scindhia of Gwalior o Established by Ranoji Scindhia, as a part of Maratha Confederacy Mahadji Scindhia (1761-1794) o Ascended the throne after Third Battle of Panipat o In 1771 Restored Mughal in Delhi Under Suzerainty of Maratha Mediate between Peshwa and British after First Anglo- Maratha War and Signed Treaty of Salabai Daualat Rao Scindhia (1794-1827) o 1802-Treaty of Bassein o In1811 conquered Chanderi