EDITORIALS THE HINDU DAILY IMPORTANT EDITORIALS 22/AUG/2018 PART-1 PRESENTED BY ISHAN (EDUCATOR ON UNACADEMY)
PLEASE RATE, REVIEW SHARE & RECOMMEND FOLLOW ME ON UNACADEMY https:llunacademy.com/user/thakurishan00-2762Search a Ishan Kumar O Ishan kumar Ishanee Akshda im trom UPave done my graduation om
It's time for India to talk about the instant runotf voting method Strengthening the federal link Defining the Holocene
High science with low development Promising the moon with tech dreams while ignoring human develogonent leavs India at the mercy of the mob High science with low Topic- GS Prelims, GSM3 Context-Promising the moon with tech dreams while ignoring human edevelopment leaves India t the mercy of PIC CREDIT-THE HINDU Page-8
1.HIGH SCIENCE WITH LOW DEVELOPMENT On our 72nd Independence Day, Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced that by 2022 we may expect the Tri colour to be unfurled in space. Even as he was announcing this from the ramparts of Red Fort in New Delhi, parts of the country were faced with flooding due partly to water released from dams following exceptional rain. Previously we had witnessed lynchings, mostly over a wide swathe of north India from Uttar Pradesh to Jharkhand but not entirely absent in the south. . Mobs had attacked persons either on their own or in small groups, with the victims in every case having been unarmed and acting without any provocation. The victims have been Dalits and Muslims engaged in the cattle trade, middle- aged single women accused of witchcraft, and migrant labourers allegedly trafficking in children.
It is not difficult to see a majoritarianism in this as the victims are from the most marginalised sections of the country, left without protection by the state. These incidents are incongruous with the claim of India being a long- lived civilisation, but it is the incongruity of such outcomes with democracy that holds out some hope for ending them. . For while civilisational norms may place restrictions on individual action, democratic norms singularly protect the individual's inalienable right to life and liberty and place upon the state the responsibility of advancing it. Coercion in any form may be allowed only of the state, and the Indian state must now be called upon to discharge its bounden duty. . The governance imperative in a democracy does not end with promoting the ease of doing business.
THE DEMOCRATIC AGENDA.. Emphasizing a space programme as an objective while failing to highlight the multiple failings of public policy in India makes a mockery of the democratic project, the principal object of which is the creation of enabling conditions for a valuable life. These conditions result from protecting natural capital, building public goods in the form of physical infrastructure, providing a public education and health service, and creating institutions that support individual aspirations. This is the democratic agenda. It is not obvious from their actions that the majority of India's political class is even aware of its centrality to their legitimacy. That in a democracy we elect a government to implement this agenda is not negotiable.
When political parties pursue projects that evoke national prestige in the form of space missions, they mask the principal task for which they have been elected in the first place which, it bears repeating, is to enable people to lead flourishing lives. . The pursuit of high science by the Government of India had started quite early after 1947 when it embarked on a programme of harnessing nuclear energy for peaceful purposes. The Atomic Energy Commission was formed and treated with reverence. The difference this has made to the power situation in the country is not clear. Independent experts at the Indian Statistical Institute point out that nuclear power is costly.
But we also know that the alternative of burning coal is not just polluting but contributes to global warming and climate change, with catastrophic consequences. However, we need to rely neither on nuclear power or fossil fuel, for we have abundant sunlight in India and some wind power. And the cost of generating solar power is reducing rapidly due to advances in storage technology. The only question is whether we have a science policy that is focussed enough to monitor and exploit these trends and a government machinery that is both motivated and adept at facilitating a mass transition to cleaner fuel Such transitions are not easily made and require the guiding hand of our elected representatives. Private agencies just do not possess the incentive or legitimacy needed.
The enchantment with high science, as opposed to a science and technology that serves our needs, that had imbued public policy in the early days of the republic is not hard to understand. India was then emerging from colonial rule, which had involved not only economic exploitation but also a disdain for the Indian way of life. The imperialist's trope had been to point to the superiority of the metropolis by way of its scientific accomplishments. While this may have been a historical reality, it is worth reflecting upon whether the public policy of post-colonial India should have been guided by a knee-jerk nationalism. A space mission when India faces more urgent challenges is just that. Today, after 71 years we have the hindsight to see this, and we should take advantage of it. . India's science and technology policy should now be reoriented to improve the lives of Indians. To be continued...
I m from U.P. I have done my graduation from university of delhi in B.sc (H) Physics.. Aspirant of UPSC CSE..