EDITORIALS THE HINDU DAILY IMPORTANT EDITORIALS 07/AUG/2018 PRESENTED BY ISHAN EDUCATOR ON UNACADEMY)
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Rebooting the system for a skills upgrade The essentiality of mosques Our privacy's worth
Rebooting the system fora skills upgrade There needs to bearadmaptoresueprkvate Industral Training Institures from their weak state be epced Rebooting the system for a skills upgrade PRATAP d and ortio Topic- GS Prelims,GSM3 Context-There needs to be a road map to rescue private Industrial elpedeopenh nt ta byt and tints pr na nade. tut kompede a nato da prebraban ouds helt oft ende op.x uas nad n sn t memi be sh tu tu lention Tr aining Institutes fro m their weak in m state. PIC CREDIT-THE HINDU Page-9
REBOOTING THE SYSTEM FOR A SKILLS UPGRADE Small shops, basements, tin sheds and godowns.These are not random workplaces but places where private Industrial Training Institutes (ITls) are running in the country. Disturbing facts such as these come from the report of the Standing Committee on Labour (2017-18) headed by Bharatiya Janata Party MP Kirit Somaiya, on the "Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs) and Skill Development Initiative Scheme" of the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE). It was submitted to Parliament few months ago.
EXPLAINING THE SCALE UP The ITis were initiated in the 1950s. In a span of 60 years, until 2007, around 1,896 publioc and 2,000 private ITis were set up. However, in a 10 year period from 2007, more than 9,000 additional private ITis were accredited. What explains this huge private sector scale-up? The committee says that it is not efficiency but a disregard for norms and standards. However, the ITls are not alone.The National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) today has more than 6,000 private training centres. Since it has short term courses and its centres open and close frequently, it is all the more prone to a dilution of standards. Private training partners have mushroomed at the rate of five day (mostly with government support) and it is clear that the government has been unable to regulate private institutions for quality Private sector engagement in skill development has been taken up by standalone private training partners and not employers. The latter could have made the system demand driven. Meanwhile, the lack of a regulator for skill development, with teeth, has led to poor quality affiliation ,assessment and certification.
The Somaiya committee report is scathing in its tone and specific in details. ownership tussle between the Central and State governments. private body, was hired due to "high work load of affiliation and shortage of [government] . It outlines instances of responsibility outsourcing, no oversight, connivance and an . Private ITI accreditation troubles started when the Quality Council of India (QCI), a staff" .The QCI did not follow accreditation norms created by the National Council for Vocational Training (NCVT) and it appears that neither scale nor standard was achieved, but only speed. studying in these substandard it is, which can be closed any time. Craftsman Training Scheme , their day today administration, finances and admissions are . "Speed' now risks the future of 13.8 lakh students (on an average,206 students per ITI) . The ITls have a unique functioning setup. While they were formed under the government's with State governments. ownership but administered and evaluated by instructors of the State Councils for VT. . The NCVT performs an advisory role.The ITls often run into issues with no one to take . A case in point is the examination process the question paper is prepared by the NCVT, The NCVT is just a stamp with no role in actually assessing quality. How can quality outcomes be expected without quality assessments?
The parliamentary committee has shed light on the ITIs. If the same exercise were extended to other skill development schemes, the picture would be grimmer. There are 183 cases pending in High Courts on non-compliance of norms by the ITls. However, the short-term training programmes of the Ministry evade any scrutiny and action For example, the Standard Training Assessment and Reward scheme spent Rs.850 crore in 2013-14 with no norms for quality. There were no Aadhaar checks,attendance requirements and batch size limitations. Private training operators have made a profit with no court cases. The report also reinforces disturbing findings of a national survey by the research institute (NILERD) of the Planning Commission in 201 I about private ITls: they offered training in less than five trades (in government ITis it is less than 10); had fewer classrooms and workshops for practice;and their teachers were very poorly paid
A STARTING POINT The ITls have many internal issues such as staffing and salaries that need attention, as the NILERD nationwide survey in 201I had found. . There is also a critical need to re-skill ITI teachers and maintain the student- teacher ratio. Since technology obsolescence is a continuous challenge, financial support envisaged through the NSDC should be extended to the ITls. The primary reason for hiring the QCI and the mess that followed was this:"huge workload of affiliation and shortage of staff." This is true even today. It is unlikely that without fixing this, the QCl mistake will not be repeated. . There has been a tremendous push by the government for private sector talent in government;perhaps it is worth considering talent from the open market to fill up higher posts in skill development. Institutional reforms such as moving the office of the Directorate General of Employment (the arm that has all data on employment) from the Ministry of Labour to the MSDE would help. It would also complement the Directorate General of Training already under MSDE.
EMPLOYERS AND FINANCING This is the last but perennial challenge. Given the scale of our demographic challenge, a belief that financing from corporate social responsibility,multilateral organisations such as the World Bank, and the government will meet the financial needs for skill development is wishful thinking. . The only way to mobilise adequate resources the right way is to do skills training, and have equipment and tools that keep pace with changing needs and ensure that employers have skin in the game. This is possible through a reimbursable industry contribution (RIC)-a 2% payroll tax that will be reimbursed when employers train using public/private infrastructure and provide data RIC, which is implemented in 62 other countries, was recommended in the 12th Plan and is an idea whose time has come. Finally, while there is so much talk of skills for the future and the impact of artificial intelligence and automation, data show that 13.8 lakh students in the ITls are suffering due to poor institutional accreditation. . Placement in NSDC training has been less than 1 5%. Maybe if we take care of the present, we will be better prepared for the future
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