EDITORIALS THE HINDU DAILY IMPORTANT EDITORIALS 20/AUG/2018PART-2 PRESENTED BY ISHAN (EDUCATOR ON UNACADEMY)
PLEASE RATE, REVIEW SHARE & RECOMMEND FOLLOW ME ON UNACADEMY https:llunacademy.com/user/thakurishan00-2762Search a Ishan Kumar O Ishan kumar Ishanee Akshda im trom UPave done my graduation om
Sovereignty and sensitivity
Sovereignty and sensitivity Given concems over Indian imhuence New Dehi must exerdise caution in the rur-up to Bhutan's ckctions overeignty and sensitivit Topic- GS Prelims,GSM2 a e Context-Given concerns over Indian influence, New Delhi must exercise caution e in the run-up to Bhutan's elections PIC CREDITTHE HINDU Page-9
2.SOVEREIGNTY AND SENSITIVITY of things, highway marker reflective tickers on railings that guide traffic on Bhutan's steep mountain roads - should not be a big issue. But when the Border Roads Organisation, which helps build Bhutanese roads under Project Dantak, decided in July to make those markers in shades of the Indian tri-colour, it raised red flags among the Bhutanese on social media. Citizens were worried that this was an attempt by India to impose its flag on their countryside.
This wasn't a first. In April last year, the Department of Roads had to remove a board which read "Dantak welcomes you to Bhutan" at the Paro international airport. . And on the Thimphu-Phuent-sholing arterial highway, another boarod that credited the "Government of India" had to be painted over. . Eventually, in the recent case, which was covered by the national weekly The Bhutanese, the Minister for Public Works stepped in, and the stickers were changed to blue and white. The incident was a blip in India-Bhutan relations, but it is a clear indicator of heightened sensitivities in the Himalayan kingdom as it heads to its third general election. The National Assembly of Bhutan was dissolved and an interim government was appointed this month ahead of the election, which will be completed by October-end, marking 10 years of democracy in Bhutan.
SOVEREIGNTY AND SELF-SUFFICIENCY. The People's Democratic Party, led by incumbent Prime Minister Tshering Tobgay, enters the elections with a visible edge, even if it may not be able to better its landslide victory in 2013, when it won 32 of the 47 seats. . At his party's first rally on August 4, Mr. Tobgay touted the 8% GDP growth in favour of his party, which has been fuelled by a construction and tourist boom in Bhutan. He can also take credit for stabilising the rupee-ngultrum crisis that he had inherited, as well as for economic reforms including lifting the import ban on cars. However, Mr. Tobgay has been unable to curb the national debt, owed mostly to India for hydropower loans, as he had promised to do in his last campaign.
Attacking Mr.Tobgay over a perceived "pro-India" stance will be part of the Opposition's messaging. At its first rally, on July 29, the Druk Phuensum Tshogpa (DPT) party president, Pema Gyamtsho, said that "sovereignty, security and self-sufficiency" were the DPT's top priorities. Crucially, this election comes after the 73-day India- China stand-off in 2017 in the Bhutan-claimed area of Doklam Even though public commentary on the tensions has been frowned upon, Mr. Gyamtsho's statement advocates a Bhutanese foreign policy that is less dependent on India.
Another party in the fray, the Bhutan Kuen-Nyam Party, which has drawn large crowds at its meetings and derives some backing from a respected religious figure in eastern Bhutan, has a similarly worded campaign manifesto title:"For a self-reliant Bhutan: our concern, our responsibility". Clearly, though Mr. Tobgay has called the raising of "sovereignty" issues by the Opposition as scaremongering, the concerns over India's or any other country's presence in Bhutan's domestic and foreign policy are not being dismissed. Given this, India must step lightly and thoughtfully around the upcoming election. The Manmohan Singh led United Progressive Alliance government's decision to cut cooking gas subsidy just before the 2013 elections in Bhutan has often been shown as proof of Indian interference, especially by the DPT party that lost that election.
. Since then, the Narendra Modi government's actions, indicating a preference for one party (for example, Sheikh Hasina's Adam League in Bangladesh) or antipathy for another (such as for Mahinda Rajapaksa's Sri Lanka Freedom Party), have been noted closely in Bhutan. .The government would be best advised to keep high- profile visits at an arms length from the election process, especially given that there will be several such visits after the National Assembly is chosen. Mr. Modi is expected to visit Thimphu once a new government is in place, and Bhutan's King Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck is expected for a state visit this year too.
I m from U.P. I have done my graduation from university of delhi in B.sc (H) Physics.. Aspirant of UPSC CSE..