EDITORIALS THE HINDU DAILY IMPORTANT EDITORIALS 06/AUG/2018 PART-1 PRESENTED BY ISHAN EDUCATOR ON UNACADEMY)
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Cienshp and compassion Ihe problem at the WTO Off the record and the breach oftrust Change pars Anatomy of an outbreak
Change gears Change Gears pic- GS Prelims,GSM2 Context- States should reconsider their opposition to amendments to the Motor Vehicles Act. PIC CREDITTHE HINDU Page-8
1.CHANGE GEARS India's law governing motor vehicles and transport is archaic, lacking the provisions necessary to manage fast motorisation. The lacunae in the Motor Vehicles Act, 1988, require to be addressed to improve road safety, ensure orderly use of vehicles and expand public transport. The Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Bill, passed by the Lok Sabha last year, seeks to do this, but it has now run into opposition in the Rajya Sabha because of its perceived shift of power from the States to the Centre. . The issue is not one of legislative competence; as the subject is in the Concurrent List, Parliament can make a law defining powers available to the States. .Some State governments are concerned about the new provisions, Sections 66A and 88A, which will empower the Centre to form a National Transportation Policy through a process of consultation, and not concurrence.
The changes will also enable Centrally-drafted schemes to be issued for national, multimodal and inter State movement of goods and passengers, for rural mobility and even last mile connectivity. . Since all this represents a new paradigm that would shake up the sector, several States have opposed the provisions as being anti federal. The passenger transport sector operating within cities and providing intercity services has grown amorphously, with vested interests exploiting the lack of transparency and regulatory bottlenecks. . With a transparent system, professional new entrants can enter the sector. Major investments made in the urban metro rail systems are yielding poor results in the absence of last mile connectivity services. Creating an equitable regulatory framework for the orderly growth of services is critical.
This could be achieved through changes to the MV Act that set benchmarks for States. . Enabling well run bus services to operate across States with suitable permit charges is an imperative to meet the needs of a growing economy. Regulatory changes introduced in Europe over the past few years for bus services have fostered competition,reduced fares and increased services operating across European Union member states Other aspects of the proposed amendments deal with road safety. These, however, are likely to achieve little without strong enforcement by the States. The effort to curb institutionalised corruption at Regional Transport Offices by making it possible for dealers to directly register new vehicles, and enabling online applications for driving licences is welcome. . Care is needed to see that other measures,such as sharply enhancing fines for rule violations, do not only result in greater harassment. . It is the certainty of enforcement,zero tolerance and escalating penalties that will really work. There are some new provisions to harness technology, including CCTV monitoring, to improve road safety, but these cannot produce results when there is no professional accident investigation agency to determine best practices.
Anatomy of an outbreak How Congp learn from the 204 ola criss andis dealing with the situzation this year PRASAD 2.Anatomy of an outbreak Topic- GS Prelims.GSM3 Context- How Congo learnt ofrom the 2014 Ebola crisis and is dealing with the situation this year. PIC CREDIT-THE HINDU Page-8
The Ebola virus causes an acute, serious illness which is often fatal if untreated. Ebola virus disease (EVD) first appeared in 1976 in 2 simultaneous outbreaks,one in what is now, Nzara, South Sudan, and the other in Yambuku,Democratic Republic of Congo.The latter occurred in a village near the Ebola River, from which the disease takes its name. It is thought that fruit bats of the Pteropodidae family are natural Ebola virus hosts. Ebola is introduced into the human population through close contact with the blood, secretions,organs or other bodily fluids of infected animals such as chimpanzees, gorillas, fruit bats, monkeys,forest antelope and porcupines found ill or dead or in the rainforest. .Ebola then spreads through human-to-human transmission via direct contact (through broken skin or mucous membranes) with the blood, secretions,organs or other bodily fluids of infected people, and with surfaces and materials (e.g. bedding,clothing) contaminated with these fluids. Symptoms are the sudden onset of fever fatigue, muscle pain, headache and sore throat. This is followed by vomiting, diarrhoea, rash, symptoms of impaired kidney and liver function, and in some cases, both internal and external bleeding (e.g. oozing from the gums, blood in the stools). Laboratory findings include low white blood cell and platelet counts and elevated liver enzymes.
. Supportive care-rehydration with oral or intravenous fluids- and treatment of specific symptoms, improves survival.There is as yet no proven treatment available for EVD However, a range of potential treatments including blood products, immune therapies and drug therapies are currently being evaluated. The vaccine, called rVSV-ZEBOV, was studied in a trial involving I1 841 people during 2015.Among the 5837 people who received the vaccine,no Ebola cases were recorded 10 days or more after vaccination. . In comparison,there were 23 cases 10 days or more after vaccination among those who did not receive the vaccine. On I August 2018, the Ministry of Health of the Democratic Republic of the Congo declared a new outbreak of Ebola virus disease in North Kivu Province. The Ministry of Health,WHO and partners are responding to this event, and working to establish the full extent of this outbreak. Numbers may fluctuate on a daily basis due to many factors, including continuing monitoring, investigation and reclassification of cases.Alert and suspected cases (not reported here), are systematically investigated to confirm or exclude Ebola virus disease before inclusion in the case counts or discarded as non-cases.
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