EDITORIALS THE HINDU DAILY IMPORTANT EDITORIALS 09/AUG/2018 PART-1 PRESENTED BY ISHAN (EDUCATOR ON UNACADEMY)
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Welcome clouds The forecast is optimistic, bu chainging monsoon trends are a challengg mm afrainas ofJuly 25 is only a 3% negativtdeparturo from the Long Period Average. Yet, withhin this phase of I.Welcome Clouds Topic- GS Prelims,GSMI Context: The forecast is optimistic, but changing monsoon trends are a challenge. ople have had to shift to relief camps as Boods ive had several ter. Altered rainEall trends in terms cf intenity and benefit more from slow rock geography while the hard of the south needs heavy showers for receivin short, havy spes and not strady ain. A The IMD PIC CREDITTHE HINDU Page-8
1.WELCOME CLOUDS The most recent assessment put out by the India Meteorological Department, that the southwest monsoon will be "normal" after a short break, comes as a relief. . At the end of two months the total rainfall has met the criteria for 'normality,' although there are wide variations in the patterns of showers, leaving some districts hit by drought as others face floods. . Official data show that the realisation of 384.7 mm of rain as of July 25 is only a 3% negative departure from the Long Period Average. . Yet, within this phase of the monsoon, some districts of Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Bihar,Assam, Meghalaya,Arunachal Pradesh, Gujarat,Telangana and Vidarbha experienced deficit ranging from 20% to 59%.
India Meteorolog ical Departmen AFGANISTAN CHIN A PA KISTAN Brahmaputra MALAYA S New Deihi INDIA JUNE 15th Varanasi BHUTAN? Government agency SSAM nges R. Karachi imd.gov.in MYANMAR The India Meteorological Department, also referred to as the Met Department, is an agency of the Ministry of Earth Sciences of the Government of India. Wikipedia Godavati JUNE Bombay ARABIAN BAY OF Headquarters: New Delhi Founder: Henry Francis Blanford Founded: 1875 Hyderabad SEA BENGAL Madras Agency executive: Dr. K.J. Ramesh Director General of Meteorology Jurisdiction: India INDIAN O CE A N INDIAN SRI LANKA O CEAN Normal track of monsoon eastem and westem Arms) Parent organization: Ministry of Earth Sciences Trivandru 100 200300 ml Normal dates of monsoon onset
In the case of Gujarat, it has been a story of both deficiency and heavy rainfall within the State. As with many previous monsoons, this rainy season has so far witnessed a lot of death and destruction: at least 465 people have died this year. Roads and infrastructure have been destroyed, and it will take massive investments to rebuild them. Thousands of people have had to shift to relief camps as floods have ruined their houses. . Such displaced families urgently need relief to resume normal life. The rainfall patterns, with their spatial variations, have major implications for agriculture and groundwater recharge as well.
Water is the key determinant of India's agricultural output and the National Commission on Farmers chaired by the scientist, Professor M.S. Swaminathan, had several recommendations for its optimal use. . Given that 60% of the 192 million hectares of gross sown area assessed by the Commission was found to be rainfed, an accelerated programme to harness the monsoon is vital. State programmes must take all measures to expand surface water storage, launch more minor irrigation schemes, and improve the recharge of groundwater. Altered rainfall trends in terms of intensity and variations across regions pose a new challenge. . Scientists contend that the alluvial soil of the northern States benefit south needs heavy showers for groundwater recharge.
Yet, many districts have been receiving short, heavy spells and not steady rain. A future ready approach should therefore focus on augmented storage and greater participation of the farming community in managing the vital resource. The IMD has issued a "normal" outlook for August, which is encouraging, and there are signs of fresh monsoon activity in Odisha, south Chhattisgarh, north coastal Andhra Pradesh and parts of Telangana. If the forecast is a conditions in the Indian Ocean continue, a further normal course of the season through September can be expected. ccurate, and the trend of favourable climate
An Article on J&K 9 Why Article 35A is in the news KR SHNADAS RAJAGOPAL nu Cabinet) equality and equal treat Constitution (Application ment enshrined in the the As the Supreme Court be to Jammu and Kashmir) Constitution as it restricts gins looking into the valid Order of 1954 followed the citizens from other States ity of Article 35A, protests 1952 Delhi Agreement en- from getting employment erupted in Jammu and tered into between Prime or buying property within Kashmir against the Arti Minister Nehru and Jam- Jammu and Kashmir. The cle being altered. A look at mu and Kashmir Prime writ petitions also point what the Article is about. Minister Sheikh Abdullah out that any act of the 2.An Article on J&k extending Indian citizen- ship to the 'State subjects State Legislature made un- der Article 35A is final and What is t? Article 35A is a provision of Jammu and Kashmir. binding. incorporated in the Con Article 35A was added to A three-judge Bench is stitution through a Presi the Constitution as a testh currently hearing whether dential Order, and not by mony of the special con the petitions challenging parliamentary debate, giv sideration the Indian go Article 35A should be re- ing the Jammu and Kash vernment accorded the ferred to a Constitution mir State Legislature a permanent residents' of Bench for an in-depth ex complete say in deciding Jammu and Kashmir. who the permanent resi The Presidential Order Constitution Bench would dents' of the State are. The was issued under Article look into questions like State Legislature can grant 370(0xd), which allows the whether the President act- its permanent residents President to make certain ed outside his jurisdiction special rights and privileg "exceptions and modifica or whether the fact of es in public sector jobs, tions" to the Constitution non-consultation with the acquisition of property, for the benefit of Jammu Parliament renders the Ar scholarships and other and Kashmir. However Ar ticle invalid. public aid and welfare ticle3680 of the Constitu The J&K government programmes within the tion mandates that only banks on a 1961 judgment aTopic- GS Prelims.GSM2 t50l oopiC- GS Prelims,GSM2 Context- Why Article 35A is amination. If referred, the the news the Parliament can amend the Constitution by intro by a five-judge Bench of the Supreme Court in Pue ranlal Lakhanpal v. The President of India. This verdict concludes that the How did the Article come ducing a new artide. It was incorporated into why is 1t tn the newsz the Constitution in 1954 by Writ petitions filed in the President has the power to an order of President Ra Supreme Court argue that modify the Constitution jendra Prasad on the ad the Article is violative of when making it applicable vice of the Jawaharial Neh fundamental rightsof to Jammu and Kashmir PIC CREDITTHE HINDU Page-9
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