EDITORIALS THE HINDU DAILY IMPORTANT EDITORIALS 21/AUG/2018 PART-3 PRESENTED BY ISHAN (EDUCATOR ON UNACADEMY)
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What Swachh Bharat Abhlyan ignores Educating people about
An enduring threat Topic-GS Prelims,GSM3 a Context- Intelligence agencies have a terrible track record in anticipatinjg religious-oriented terrorism. PIC CREDITTHE HINDU Page-8
THE ISLAMIC STATE Consequently, any premature celebrations of the so-called destruction of the Islamic State (IS) 'Caliphate' would be uncalled oopers have moved from strongholds in Syria and Iraq to S stor countries Many regional franchises linking individual IS and al-Qaeda groups are already in the works. fri As the IS lost ground in Syria and Iraq, parts of Africa became the new battleground. More than a dozen African countries across two broad belts of Africa Somalia and as ia ali,Bur aso and Senegal in the west are facing a wave of Islamis ri During the past two years, unverified reports indicate the deaths of more than 10,000,and the battle con tinues in unrele ashion
Boko Haram, a one time affiliate of the IS, has been even more sanguinary than the IS or al-Qaeda .Al I- Shabab in Somalia, the Jama'at Nusrat al-slamwal M uslimeen in Mali, and several others continue to thrive in parts of Africa. Afghanistan is the other main epicenter of radicalized Islamist terror. The years 2017 and 2018 have been particularly bad in terms of the number of terror attacks and casualties resulting from these attacks. In a single month in January this year, terrorists belonging to disparate terror organisations, including the IS, carried out four major terror attacks, killing over 160 people. In succeeding months, there have been several similar attacks, leading to the deaths of many more civilians and soldiers. .Killings have been indiscriminate and a majority feature suicide bombers
Targets tend to be indiscriminate; in a recent suicide attack, the target was a convoy of Sikhs and Hindus on their way to meet the President of Afghanistan in Jalalabad city in which at least 9 persons were killed. Given the climate of violence, and the determination of radical groups to wage war, India cannot afford to be oblivious to what is happening around us. It cannot afford the luxury of amnesia, given the kind of terror threats that we faced in the past.
THE "KHALISTAN' REVIVAL . Very recently, we have seen a manifest attempt by Sikh extremist groups residing in Canada and the U.S.to revive the demand for Khalistan and of self- determination for Sikhs. They have the backing of sections of the Sikh community in the U.K. as well. As a result, a fresh wave of Sikh radicalisation is beginning to be seen in quite a few Western nations. The August 12 pro-Khalistan rally in London, sponsored by a body styling itself as 'Sikhs for Justice' based in the U.S. has the backing of the U.K.based Khalistan Sikh Federation and the Dal Khalsa. It is the clearest sign yet of the resurgence of pro-Khalistan sentiments. The August event has come in the wake of pro-Khalistani activists ripping off the Indian flag in Parliament Square, London during the Indian Prime Minister's visit earlier this year. A revitalised movement for a separate Sikh state can cause problems within India, sooner rather than later.
India is currently preoccupied with terror attacks from Pakistan, and the role of organisations such as the Jaish-e- Mohammed (JeM) and the Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT) in sponsoring terror attacks from across the border. Notwithstanding this, India must not be oblivious to attacks from other radical Islamist sources - According to reports, both the IS and al-Qaeda are engaged in a fierce competition to enlarge their activities in India. There are also attempts being made to secure more recruits from India. The territorial demise of the IS in Syria and Iraq is likely to exacerbate insurgencies elsewhere, as was witnessed after the 'Afghan Jihad' in the 1980s and 1990s.
.As it is, there are reports from many nations in the West of stray attacks by returning IS recruits from the Syrian and Iraqi battle-field in cities as far apart as London, Toronto and Paris. It is important to appreciate the fact that the strength of Islamist terror groups, and especially that of the IS, lies not only in their military capabilities but more in their ideology and propaganda. . Jihad and martyrdom continue to influence young Muslims to join their fold. . So-called polarisation and the plight of religious minorities present them opportunities as well as soft targets.
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