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Cause and Effect Reasoning

Cause and effect reasoning is part of the logical reasoning section of competitive exams. This section is thought to have the most tricky questions in the whole exam.

These questions are not actually tough but are instead made tricky for the person giving the exam. The cause and effects section is mainly given to observe what presence of mind of the person. The candidates can be very well practiced by getting their concept clear and solving some of the examples or sample questions available on the web. 

Meaning of the cause and effects questions

The questions were made with the objective of concluding with a way where any possible gain can affect the event it is concerned with. There are 2given statements which would be given and would be individuals causes or normal causes .The cause is a logical reason which will affect the occurrence of the event. The normal causes are those which would let the events occur normally. On the other hand there are effects meaning consequences that have to be faced after the cause. 

The cause and effect relationship goes hand in hand because without a cause there would not be any effect and if there was no cause. Along with that the cause stands nowhere if there is no effect for it. We can say that the cause and effect relationship must be well balanced. 

Different types of causes. 

 Even in real life one thing has more than one solution and these cases and effects are nothing different. Below are some of the different types of the causes :-

1. Immediate Cause

An immediate cause can be defined as a kind of cause which had occurred most recently. It is the cause that immediately precedes the original effect. Therefore we can say that the immediate causes are the most accurate in time to the effect of the event. 

2. Principle Cause /main cause

The principle cause or the main cause can be identified to be any other cause too, usually the main cause is generalised as responsible for any event. An Immediate cause may or may not be the principal cause. It would not be wrong to say that these causes turn into effects most frequently. 

3. Independent Cause/free cause 

The independent or free causes are not involved with any of the events which would be present in the question. From here one thing can be said that this cause has no effects in the events of the question but has some independent cause. This is the cause, which is not related to any given events of the question. There are high chances of these causes to occur due to any external event. 

Solving different cause and effect reasoning 

To solve these question in less amount of time and to save the time during any competitive exams here are some of the tricks and tips which can followed :- 

  • Principle and immediate cause may seem similar but both of them have a difference based on their characteristics and their applications . The principle cause is the main and the most important condition /reason required for the effect, whereas the immediate cause is the nearly accurate and proximate in time for the effect.
  •  When both events take place in present perfect tense, the decision of one being the antecedent to the other is usually problematic. So in order to remove this problem the person needs to check any connection between the two statements given there. 
  •  In cases where the first statement is in present perfect tense and the second statement is in future tense, then statement 1 will be considered as the antecedent to statement 2 and this makes statement 2 unable to cause statement 1.
  •  In the cases with the first statement being in present perfect tense and the second statement being in present continuous tense , then statement 1 must have occurred before the occurrence of statement 2 and in order proving that statement 1 is not suitable or capable enough to become the cause of statement 2.


The effect, meaning and its importance is something which is regulated by the cause itself. These types of questions are very important for these competitive exams. The cause and effect reasoning also helps your mind to be more active. Effects and causes are incomplete with each other anyway.


Frequently asked questions

Get answers to the most common queries related to the Bank Examination Preparation.

Solve this cause and effect reasoning problem . Statements : a) Rahul resigned from his own office. b) Rahul wants to eat a sandwich.

Solution: Both the statements which have been stated  show themselves to be independent causes or it’s effects . ...Read full

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Solution : Here the school management noticed the honking inside the school because it was actually happening. Secon...Read full

Name some of the exams which include cause and effect reasoning questions?

Ans. There are many prestigious and competitive exams in India which include t...Read full

Define effect?

Ans. Effects are the proceedings after the cause and its occurrence . The effects a person or a group of people have...Read full