BRITISH RULE LORD WELLESLEY
Wellesley (1796 -1805AD) After Cornwallis, Sir John Shore became the Governor General of India He also followed the policy of Non - Intervention He was succeeded by Lord Wellesley He followed the policy of expansion & extended the British territories through Subsidiary Alliance
Subsidiary Alliance Subsidiary Alliance means was to bring princely states under the control of British In this system, an Indian ruler had to maintain British troops in his state, either by giving some of his territory or by paying for the maintenance of the troops >The Indian ruler could not fight or sign treaties with any other power
This system allowed the British to maintain a large army at the expense of the local rulers The English became the supreme power in India They began to control foreign policy of native states The French influence was excluded from the Indian States & the extent of British Empire in India increased
The native rulers lost their prestige & dignity Both the British & native rulers neglected the welfare of the people The Nizam of Hydrabad was the first state to enter into the Subsidiary Alliance with the English Nawab of Oudh was forced by Wellesley to enter into the Subsidiary Alliance And later Peswa Baji Rao Il also entered into Subsidiary Alliance with English
The Fourth Anglo-Mysore war (1799) betweern the British & Tipu Sultan Tipu Sultan wanted to recover his territories which he lost in Third Anglo - Mysore war & he did not accept the Subsidiary Alliance Tipu defeated at Malavalli and died on May 4th 1799 while defending his capital sriragapatinam
Peswa Baji rao ll signed the treaty of Bassein irn 1802 The Maratha leaders Scindia & Bhonsle refused to accept the treaty So they joined together & attacked the British in 1803, Authur Wellesley defeated Marathas Lord Wellesley transformed the trading English East India Company into a strong political power in India
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