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Dalhousie - British Rule (in Tamil)
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The Province of India earlier Presidencies of British India and still earlier, Presidency towns, were the administrative divisions of British governance in the subcontinent. Collectively, they were called British India In one form or another, they existed between 1612 and 1947, conventionally divided into three historical periods During the period of , 1757–1858, the Company rule in India, gradually acquired sovereignty over large parts of India, now called "Presidencies". Here in this course I am going to explain Lord Dalhousie

Karthick Selvaraj
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U
Unacademy user
Kk
very nice explanation sir
  1. BRITISH RULE LORD DALHOUSIE


  2. Dalhousie (1848 - 1855AD) Lord Dalhousie became the Governor General of India in 1848 He is the Youngest Governor General of India To expand British Empire in every possible way, he adopted three methods By Doctrine of Lapse &Through War **On the grounds of Mis - Government


  3. Annexation by Doctrine of Lapse He adopted a new policy known as Doctrine of Lapse If the ruler of the dependent state in India died without male issue, his adopted son would not succeed him but the state would pass back to the British He annexed the states of Satara, Jaipur, Sambhalpur, Udaipur, Jansi & Nagpur


  4. Annexation by War The second Anglo Sikh War (1848-1849AD)- Though the Sikhs were defeated in the first Anglo - Sikh war they were not completely crushed Multan was a part of Sikh Kingdom >The Sikh under the leadership of Mulraj revolted against the British >The Sikhs were defeated & annexed by Dalhousie


  5. On grounds of Mis-Government The Nawab of Oudh, Wasid Ali Shah was deposed from the throne on 1852 on the pre - text of Mis Governance Oudh was annexed to British Empire Tanjore was also annexed to British Empire


  6. Reforms of Dalhousie Simla was made as the Summer Capital He is credited with the introduction of Railways in The first Railway line was laid in 1853 between 1854 - Howrah to Ranikanj India Bombay to Thane 1856 Madras - Arakonam


  7. >He was known as the Father of Indian Rail Post & Telegraph were set up throughout the country In 1856 Hindu widow remarriage Act was passed During his period, Sir Charles Wood Despatch in 1854 introduced several education reforms in India An Engineering college was established in Rurkee


  8. Gurkhas were encouraged to join Indian Army Army headquarters were shifted from Calcutta to His period is ever remembered for the Hence he is known as the Maker of Modern India Simla introduction of Railways, Posts & Telegraphs