BRITISH RULE ROBERT CLIVE
Robert Clive was a British officer who established the military and political supremacy of the East India Company in Bengal He is credited with securing a large swath of South Asia (Banglades followed, for the British East India Company In the process, he also turned himself into a multi- millionaire Robert Clive became the Governor of Bengal in 1765 During his first tenure as a Governor he was known for his conquests & during his second tenure for his administrative reforms
As soon as he returned to Bengal as its commander in chief, Robert Clive laid out detailed and extensive plans for reforms Introduction of Dual system of government Or Dyarchy in Bengal was the main part of these reforms the Bengal administration was divided between the East India Company and the Nawab of Bengal and hence it was called as the dual system of Administration or government
However Robert Clive did not take direct control of Bengal's administration >He left it in the hands of two deputies which were appointed by the Nawab of Bengal with the approval of the British East India Company The two deputies were Mahammad Riza Khan who was the deputy Nawab of Bengal and Raja Sitab Roy who was the deputy Nawab of Bihar
The dual administration system was very beneficial for the British because the direct result of such a governing system was that the while the British had all the power in the region, they did not have any of the responsibilities Civil and police responsibilities rested with the deputy Diwans which were appointed by the Company's directors
This system had various disadvantages and led to the ultimate breakdown of Bengal's administration The local peasants suffered huge losses due to the unreasonable tax structure which proved to be a huge burden on the farmers There was considerable decline in the agricultural industry Local handlooms businesses were all but destroyed and trade had become way too costly for the local merchants to continue
The dual system of government served to be beneficial only for a certain period of time as it served the immediate need of circumstances created by the aftermaths of the battle of Buxar The Battle of Buxar was fought on 22 October 1764 between the forces under the command of the British East India Company and the Nawab of Bengal This system brought the Nawab of Bengal under British control which was vital for the British expansion
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