BRITISH RULE LORD HASTINGS
Marquess of Hastings (1813 -1823AD) Marquess of Hastings better known as Lord Hastings became Governor General of India in 1813 He completed the work began by Lord Wellesley From his period the Gurkhas of Nepal, the Pindaris & the Maratha chiefs wanted to overthrow the British Power But Hastings boldly faced all these problems & made the English more powerful in India
Charter Act 1813 During his tenure the Charter Act of 1813 was passed by the British Government > This act renewed the trading rights of English East India Company for another 20 years >The British Government allotted one lakh rupees every year for the development of education in India
The Gurkha War (1814-1816AD) - the Gurkhas of Nepal captured Sheoroj & Butwal in 1814 The British regarded it as a challenge & declared war on them The English defeated the Gurkha leader Amarsingh The Gurkhas were compelled to sign treaty of Sagauli in 1816
The Pindari War (1816 -1818AD) - The Pindaris were the gang of robbers in Central India The important leaders were Amir Khan, Wasil Mohammad, Karim Khan & Chettu Thus Hastings esterminated the Pindaris & relived the peoples of Central India from their sufferings The Third Anglo Maratha War (1817-1818AD)- The Marathas were jelious of growing powers of English in India
Peswa Baji Rao Il tried to form a confederacy of all the Maratha chiefs against the British In 1817 the Peswa attacked the British residency at Pune Then the War started & the Marathas were completely defeated by British The offfice of Peswa was abolished and Baji Rao ll was paid an annual pension of 8 lakh rupees
Reforms of Hastings Hastings passed the Bengal Tenancy Act in 1822 In 1817, a college was opened in Calcutta for the development of English Language He removed the restriction on the Press The first vernacular (Regional) newspaper Samachar Patrika was published He appointed Indians in Higher post in administration Ryotwari System was Introduced in the Madras Presidency
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