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Warren Hastings - British Rule (in Tamil)
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The Province of India earlier Presidencies of British India and still earlier, Presidency towns, were the administrative divisions of British governance in the subcontinent. Collectively, they were called British India In one form or another, they existed between 1612 and 1947, conventionally divided into three historical periods During the period of , 1757–1858, the Company rule in India, gradually acquired sovereignty over large parts of India, now called "Presidencies". Here in this course I am going to explain Lord Warren Hastings

Karthick Selvaraj
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  1. BRITISH RULE LORD WARREN HASTINGS


  2. Warren Hastings (1772 - 1785AD) He became the Governor of Bengal in 1772 Later he was raised to the position of Governor General of Bengal As soon as he assumed office, he had to face many difficulties In 1772 a terrible famine affected Bengal The Dual Government had ruined the economy of Bengal


  3. The officials of the English East India company were misusing their privileges & amassing great wealth The administration was crippled So the company had to ask the British Government for a huge amount as a loan At this Stage, the British Government decided to interfere in the affairs of the company


  4. Regulating Act To regulates the affairs of East India Company the British Parliament passed the Regulating Act in 1773 Appointment of a Governor General in Calcutta who was superior to the Governors of Bombay & Madras Set up a Supreme Court in Calcutta with a chief Justice & 3 Judges Elijah Impey was the first chief justice


  5. An Executive council of four members was set up to assist Governor General The members of executive council often created problems to the Governor General And also the Governors of Bombay & Madras did not obey the orders of the Governor General In order to remove the defects of the regulating act, the British PM William Pitt passed the Pitt's India Act in 1784


  6. Pitt's India Act The number of members in executive council is reduced to three For administrative purposes a board of control consisting of six members were established in Britain to monitor the affairs in India The Governor General was made the Commander-in- chief of the British troops in India & also given total control over the presidencies of Bombay & Madras


  7. Reforms of Warren Hastings He put an end to the Dual Government introduced in Bengal by Robert Clive The treasury was shifted from Murshidabad to Calcutta Two courts of Appeal namely the Sadar Diwani Adalat(Civil) & Sadar Nizamat Adalat(Criminal) were established at Calcutta A digest of Hindu & Muslim law was compiled


  8. A board of revenue was set up at Calcutta to look into the revenue administration English collectors were appointed in every district The land owners got the right to collect revenue & pay it to government Warren Hastings was a great patron of learning In 1781, he founded the Calcutta Madarasa for the promotion of Islamic studies