Sign up now
to enroll in courses, follow best educators, interact with the community and track your progress.
Ripon - British Rule (in Tamil)
61 plays

The Province of India earlier Presidencies of British India and still earlier, Presidency towns, were the administrative divisions of British governance in the subcontinent. Collectively, they were called British India In one form or another, they existed between 1612 and 1947, conventionally divided into three historical periods During the period of , 1757–1858, the Company rule in India, gradually acquired sovereignty over large parts of India, now called "Presidencies". Here in this course I am going to explain Lord Ripon

Karthick Selvaraj
Founder of Karthick Academy (YouTube Channel) Get Our Android App from the Google Play Store.

Unacademy user

  2. Lord Ripon (1880-84) Lord Ripon came to India in 1880, as the viceroy. He selected by Gladstone who came to power in 1880. So he was the representative of Gladstone, an era with a strong belief in the virtues of peace and self- government He was determined to take some forward steps in the direction of liberalizing Indian government

  3. He wished that Indian should learn even in the hand school of experience and disillusionment the lesson of self-government and self control The vernacular press Act (1878) passed by Lord Lytton had imposed restrictions upon the newspapers published in Indian languages Vernacular newspapers were not allowed to publish anything likely to cause dissatisfaction among the people against the Government

  4. This Act was discriminatory and derogatory to the Indians because it imposed restrictions only on Vernacular newspapers and no such restrictions were imposed on newspapers published in English Realizing that the grievances of the Indians were quite genuine, Lord Ripon repealed the Act He repeal of this Act made Ripon extremely popular in India and also he earned for himself the everlasting gratitude of the people of India

  5. Lord Ripon also tried to improve the condition of factory workers. In order to improve the condition of the workers in the factories, the first factory Act was passed in 1881 According to this children between the ages of seven- twelve years could not be made to work for more than nine hours a day The Act also provided that the dangerous machinery was to be properly fenced to eliminate minimize the chances of accident

  6. Local Self Government The development of local self government in India owes their progress to the sincere efforts of Lord Ripon in this direction His most significant contribution was in the field of local self-Government He passed a resolution in 1881 which clearly stated that the time had come when further steps could be taken to develop the system of Local self-Government

  7. The provincial Government was directed to establish local Boards in each district The area of each Board was too kept small so that it would know the wishes of the people and serve their interest accordinglvy The Resolution of 1882 further suggested that the Indians should be encouraged to become the members of the local bodies >While extending Local Self-Government Lord Ripon stressed its education value also. The aim of Ripon was to give popular education to the people of India

  8. Hunter Mission In order to enquire of the working of the Woods despatch of 1854, Lord Ripon appointed a commission consisting of 20 members with Sir W.W. Hunter as Chairman It was also decided that a part of the provincial revenues as to be spend on education Universities were established in the Punjab and Allahabad in 1882 and 1887 respectively The local bodies were also given encouragement to promote the cause of primary education in the country