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Amendment of the Constitution
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This is lesson explains the procedure to amend the Constitution & the ways to amend the Constitution.(Article 368)

Prasanna Naidu
Law Grad | Blogger & YouTuber @ BuddingLawyers | Interested in Legal tech, Entrepreneurship, Judicial Reforms |

U
Unacademy user
thank you sir for your helpful lectures
  1. Special Majority More than 50% of TOTAL membership-23rd present & voting Provisions amended FR's, DpSp. All other provisions Simple Majority Ex. of provisions- Admission/establishment of new states Use of official language Rules of procedure in Parliament Alteration of ares, boundaries,etc not covered in other categories Special Majority & Consent of States Special majority +half of States with Simple majority lf some States take no action No time limit 3 ways to amend Part XX Powers of parliament to amend Constitution & its procedure By way of addition, variation & repeal Cannot amend provisions- "Basic Structure" Provisions amended- 1) Election of President & its manner 2) Extent of executive power of Union & States 3) Supreme Court & High Courts 4) Distribution of Legislative powers between Union & States 5) Any list in 7th schedule 6) Representation of States in Parliament 7) Art. 368 itself Article 368 Procedure initiated only by Bill - either house of Parliament- not State legislatures Intro by Minister/Private Member permission of President not required Special Majority Each house pass Bill separately if disagreement no provision for joint sitting If amending federal provisions State legislatures Simple majority President's assent Must give assent - cannot withhold or return for reconsideration After assent Bill Act