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EDITORIAL ANALYSIS OF NEWSPAPERS IN LESSTHAN 10 MINUTES 9th February,2o17 201 Presented By chrome
ABOUT ME . Educator @ unacademy B.Tech. Comp. Sc. (Hons.) B. 1ec NTSE and Debating Champion Appeared for CSE and IFoS mains Interests: Music, Quizzing, Fitness & Photography RATE REVIEW RECOMMEND . https:L/unacademy.com/user/deepanshu.n.singh
QUESTION FOR ANSWER WRITING PRACTICE Q:-What are your opinion about India joining the CPEC? Critically Analyse. [Course] - February 2017 - Editorial Analysis of The Hindu and Other Major Newspapers / Test Preparation UPSCIAS general-awareness te deepanshu.n.singh Pinned Topics unacademy.com February 2017-Editorial Analysis of The Hindu and Other Major Newspapers. The course will bring you in-depth analysis of Important editor from eadng newspapers like The Hindu, Indian Express, Livemint etc which are relevant for Unacalemy 2917 Government examinations. These will help you in your Mains as wes as prelims preparation Reply
EDITORIALS COVERED IN TODAY'S LESSON THE HINDU GETTING BACK HOME, SAFELY o TEMPTATION OF SPOILS LIVE MINT o KEY DESIGN ELEMENTS FOR DATA PROTECTION
OTHER INTERESTING ARTICLES o ENTERPRISE AS AN INSTRUMENT OF CHANGE-THE HINDU
TH: GETTING BACK HOME, SAFELY Gs-2 o With increased focus on diaspora diplomacy, international reputation of "Brand India", increased complexities in international affairs- Evacuation process is not as easy as it was earlier o However steps can be taken to mitigate the untoward incidents and have sound policy on evacuation. o As political instability rattles the West Asian region, which hosts more than seven million Indians, the government can no longer rely on heroic efforts by individual officials or quick-fix solutions. o So what are the steps that the Govt. needs to work on- o First of all, India should build on its institutional memory of safe evacuations and lessons learnt from failed ones. Rather than reinventing the wheel at every incident, studying India's history, best practices and lessons learned will help institutionalise them. o Second, as every case is unique in itself but what can be done is to have clear guidelines on chain of command, and division of competencies; identify regional support bases, assembly points and routes for evacuation; develop country-specific warden systems to communicate with expatriates, and establish evacuation priority and embarkation criteria. o Third, Indian diplomats must be trained to face hostile situations whether it's war zone or not. This will entail physically demanding techniques and tasks to relieve stressed diaspora.
o Fourth, like India, it's neighbors also have substantial diaspora population especially Nepal, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka So invest in cooperative frameworks that facilitate coordination among neighbours. It would be in-line with our "Neighbourhood First" policy o Fifth, military have to delegate greater responsibility. Chief of Integrated Defence Service would be required to fulfil responsibilities of inter-service coordination, o for example, direct the military to develop a non-combatant evacuation (NEO) doctrine, designate the Integrated Defence Staff as the nodal organisation to improve inter-services and civil-military coordination, direct the services to conduct more multilateral NEO exercises, and adapt military modernisation plans to increase capacity for out-of-area deployment and evacuation o Sixth, increase inter-departmental, inter-ministerial cooperation to reduce redundancy during evacuations. o Seventh, to avoid cost inflation and delays, the government must establish a permanent civil reserve air fleet that o Eighth, the government will have to invest in new technologies to better monitor the diaspora's profile and o Finally, to manage safe evacuation public opinion needs to be managed effectively. This would reduce States like kerala must have contingency plans. pools aircraft from all Indian airlines based on pre-established requisition and reimbursement procedures mobility This can be done by online tracking of diaspora, based on Aadhaar card. domestic pressure on political class which can take politically rather diplomatically relevant steps. The need of the hour must be to entertain advice of diplomats rather than domestic public pressure.
TH: TEMPTATION OF SPOILS GS-2 o Q- What is spoils system? o Ans in short- political appointment to public office, jeopardizing (or ignoring) merit o Detailed answer- A peculiar system of employment prevalent in America in 17th, 18th century U.S. Leaders of the political party that came to power considered it their prerogative to appoint faithful followers to public offices; further, they removed those who did not support the party. Soon, as govt grew, need for qualified employees was felt. o The Civil Service Reform Act of 1883 re-established the United States Civil Service Commission. The Act rendered it unlawful to fill various federal offices through the spoils-system o Thus svstem was abolished. o Although Constitution bars any sort of spoils system but political parties are circumventing laws to fulfil their temptations for o Last year, three crucial appointments made by the Tamil Nadu government, all set aside by the courts, show that o Appointments of loyalists for constitutional (State public service commission) and statutory bodies (State Consumer Forum o One can have political faith and can be accommodated in public service, until and unless it does not affect his integrity and o However, its very different from political affiliation. Person is politically active and gives due consideration to political spoils system. parties in power are willing to bend rules to accommodate loyalists. and Commission for Protection of Child Rights) shows the deeper malaise running in political system. efficiency, because merit cannot be done away altogether due to political faith. viewpoint. It jeopardizes the neutrality of public office
o Supreme court in Ramashankar Raghuvanshi, 1983 case offends the Fundamental Rights guaranteed by Articles 14 and 16 of the Constitution to deny employment to an individual because of his past political affinities, unless such affinities are considered likely to affect the integrity and efficiency of the individuals service. To hold otherwise would be to introduce 'McCarthysim'into India. McCarthyism'is obnoxious to the whole philosophy of our Constitution. We do not want it." o McCarthyism is the practice of making accusations of subversion or treason without proper regard for evidence. It also means "the practice of making unfair allegations or using unfair investigative techniques, especially in order to restrict dissent or political criticism." Thus on one hand we don't want person to be politically inclined or active enough to bend to political demands, on other hand we need person who can have ability for constrictive political dissent. Thus, public service has to tread a narrow path in between. o It would require- healthy precedents, institutional ethics, merit based public service guided by organizational integrity
MINT: KEY DESIGN ELEMENTS FOR DATA PROTECTION GS-2/3 o This is the Age of Big Data-it is so called because of Aadhaar and Government's move to go cashless. o This Age of Big Data also puts a big doubt in our minds and that is Privacy and Data protection in India. o We have many laws on privacy like Information Technology act, Aadhaar act, Right to Information Act but no concrete ike Information Technology act,Aadhar act, Right to Information Act but act on Privacy o Privacy bill of 2014 is still in making and no signs of it getting finalised is in view. o So how a privacy law should be designed? 1. Manner of collection and retention 2. Use and Processing 3. Sharing of Data The abowe paints should be shaped by rights of uern and robust supervisory and enfment mechaniss The above points should be shaped by rights of users and robust 1. Purpose of Data collection : Manner and form and what purpose the data is collected and an opt out clause. Lok Sabha rejected the opt put clause in the Aadhaar bill. So this questions "Right to be forgotten" 2. Use and Processng of Data: Data is being collected both actively and pasively- passvrely means google maps storing 2. Use and Processing of Data: Data is being collected both actively and passively passively means google maps storing our locations> So new laws should mention how people who gather our data should use our data and not misuse the data. So India has to learn from European Union EU "by design" and "by default"- which focus on improving default privacy settings so as to reduce subsequent regulatory intervention.