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1st February 2017: Editorial Analysis of The Hindu and other Newspapers
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Today's lesson covers the Editorials from The Hindu, Indian Express and Livemint. The topics discussed are- Food security and malnutrition, Corruption and bribing by MNCs, Economic policy, and Land acquisition.

Deepanshu Singh is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Deepanshu Singh
Faculty- Indian Polity and Current Affairs| UPSC CSE Reserve list 2015| Consultant-G.O.I. Loves Geography Teaching since 2015

Unacademy user
sir thank u for your hardwork and making our preparation easy. but u r supposed to explain the topic u just reading the slides, which can be done by us also. we expecting more explanation from u so that after u explaining v can read the slides and we can understand well.
Hi Sir, I have a request to unacademy, which is, please incorporate an archive feature on unacademy portal. This will help aspirants getting access to the notes you explain in the videos of daily current affairs analysis, at anytime. Thanks
thanks a lot for your hard work and effort to make it so easy that one could understand it easily... thanks sir..
thanks a lot for your hard work and effort to make it so easy that one could understand it easily... thanks sir..
thanks a lot for your hard work and effort to make it so easy that one could understand it easily... thanks sir..
  1. EDITORIAL ANALYSIS OF NEWSPAPERS IN LESSTHAN 10 MINUTES Presented By rst February, 2017 chrome

  2. ABOUT ME . Educator @ unacademy B.Tech. Comp. Sc. (Hons.) B. 1ec NTSE and Debating Champion Appeared for CSE and IFoS mains Interests: Music, Quizzing, Fitness & Photography RATE REVIEW RECOMMEND . https:L/


  4. QUESTION FOR ANSWER WRITING PRACTICE Q: quality healthcare. Suggest measures are needed to provide quality and affordable healthcare to citizens. India needs a healthcare model that is truly able to achieve the objective of improving access to unacademy discuss [Course] - January 2017 Editorial Analysis of The Hindu and Other Major Newspapers More > (Hindi) January 2017 Editorial Analysis of The Hindu... m Test Preparation UPSC AAS deepanshu.n.singh 17 11d orn in m... January 2017-Editorial Analysis of The Hindu and Other Major Newspapers t5 The course w bring you in-depth analysis of important editor as torn leadng newspapers ike The Hindu, Indian Express Livemint esc which are relevant for Mans as wellas preims Pinned Topics Government examinations These w heip you in your Mans as well as prems preparation About Us Careers Terms Prvacy Contact Us Twitter Facebook created steeply 113 379 21 48 1 Frequent Posters

  5. TH DRAWING UP A DIET PLAN GS-2 The welfare challenge- lies in providing assistance to needy households to ensure adequate diets without creating conditions in which they opt for inferior diets that are too heavy on cereals With the Kerala government's decision to implement the National Food Security Act NFSA) from April, the whole country will be covered by the legislation o Study- use of the public distribution system (PDS) expanded sharply with proportion of households getting PDS subsidy rising from about 25% in 2004-05 to 50% in 2011-12. However, decline in child malnutrition has been far more modest A patchy record-we still do not have nationwide data on malnutrition, State-wise data from Annual Health Survey/District Level Health Surveys of 2012-14 as well as National Family Health Survey IV of 2015-16 suggest only modest improvement in child malnutrition o Some states registered improvements, but The strangest case is that of Andhra Pradesh where 59% of the population received PDS subsidy in 2004-05 rising to 76 % in 2011-12 but underweight rate seems to be stuck around 32% with hardly any improvement the relationship between the PDS and nutrition may be more complex. Below Poverty Line (BPL) or Antyodaya Anna Yojana (AAY) card and the other without these cards, this o Why? A recently released report based on India Human Development Survey of 2004-05 and 2011-12 suggests that o This is the first nationwide survey to interview the same households at two points in time-one group with study is able to compare apples to apples and examine the role of the PDS in a quasi-experimental design

  6. The results-suggest that access to PDS subsidies changes the way people allocate their household resources o When rice, wheat and other cereals are available cheaply, households try to get more of their required calories from cereals and less from milk, fruits and vegetables- households with BPL/AAY cards consume a monthly per capita average of 11.87 kg of cereals, but only 2.77 litres of milk. o In an era where school and medical costs are rising and households face many other demands on their purse, these savings seem to be spent on non-food items, Food consumption forms 56% of household budget in BPL/AAY households compared to a slightly higher level (58%) in matched households without access to PDS subsidies o NCAER/Brookings journal, India Policy Forum, found that households with a BPL/AAY card were no better than households without PDS subsidies when it came to child nutrition. This may well be because access to cheap calories reduces consumption of different foods and dietary diversity is very important for balanced nutrition. o This does not mean that we should do away with food subsidies-for very poor households or households that experience income declines of 20% or more between the two surveys, access to the PDS is very important for preserving food intake and dietary diversity Nudge towards better choices-Indians have greater genetic predisposition for these so-called "lifestyle diseases Highr carb diets- a major challenge!) Cash transfers (However, their success would depend on the ability to effectively administer transfers and reduce leakages.), case for UBI o International research on cash versus in-kind food subsidies presents mixed results, with the effectiveness of cash transfers depending on the institutional framework

  7. TH: VIOLATIONS IN INDIA, PENALTIES ELSEWHERE GS-2 It is almost an annual feature in the U.S. to see an American corporation admitting to have violated the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA) in its Indian operations, and agreeing to pay huge penalties- to home country not India! o Numerous cases- Rolls-Royce recently agreed to pay a $809-million fine (over Rs. 5,500 crore) for its corrupt practices Mondelez International, formerly known as Kraft Foods and of which Cadbury is now a part, agreed to pay $13 o In October 2016, Cognizant admitted to possible violations governing anti-bribery laws of the U.S. in its operations in in India, Russia, China, Thailand, Nigeria and Malaysia. million to the US. authorities for paying an Indian agent India o In September 2016, Anheuser-Busch InBev paid $6 million to settle corruption charges against one of its Indian companies where it had only a minority stake In 2012, Oracle paid a $2 million civil penalty in the US, to settle charges arising from a slush fund in India used to pay bribes o Paying for others' sins- A scan of global anti-corruption jurisprudence and its impact on ordinary Indians inevitably throws up a robbing Peter to pay Paul' scenario o when the company offers to pay a fine to offset criminal proceedings, that average Indian consumer would also artially contribute to it, because it is from markets like India that such foreign companies make their profits art of which would be used to pav off their governments that uphold law

  8. Effective laws in US-To be fair, it is the effective implementation of anti-corruption laws in the U.S., the U.K. and most other developed economies that are forcing global business giants to pay huge fines for their questionable practices o It is a demonstration of the effective implementation of laws of their homelands, and caution to anyone from those economies against bribing someone in counties like India. Thetroubling questions against bribing someone in countries like India. What is worrying is the attitude of the Indian government and its anti-corruption bodies to this by-now-well- established global phenomenon. It is not known if India gets a share of the fine imposed under FCPA or other anti-corruption laws in developed economies. o Indian government has not evolved any mechanism to regularly follow FCPA filings, and seek domestic remedy here in India. Nor is there any assurance that agencies such as the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) and Enforcement Directorate (ED) would take evidence from those filings to pursue cases here against those involved o It is a fact that India does not have an effective anti-corruption mechanism yet in place.(despite SC judgements) o The CBI, ED and other agencies are only as good, or as bad, as those political leaders in power. Successive governments have deployed them for political score-settling It is no more just about autonomy of anti-corruption agencies or enactment of the long-pending Lokpal act. It is now troublingly also about competence and accountability- especially in exploiting the digital databases across the world, celebrating whistle-blowers and enforcing the law with impartiality o Urgent need of Parliamentary oversight

  9. MINT: THE BUILDING BLOCKS OF ECONOMIC POLICY GS-2 Economic policy choices are not easy in a country like India. At present, the complication has increased because of the currency swap and deceleration in economic growth. o The budget should be a part of the longer-term policy objective of increasing economic activity, prosperity and well-being Economic policy choices are not easy in a country like India. At prse, e complication has increased because in the country Here are five themes that should guide economic policy The policy should focus on market failures- Free markets work in enhancing prosperity but there are areas where state intervention is needed. 1. o In India, the state is dominant in sectors where it is not required and lacks capacity in areas where the intervention is actually desired 2. The policy intervention should be seen from the perspective of general equilibrium-Often, policy changes are made with narrow objectives, focusing on one sector or area, eg Tinkering with Budget, tax rates to promote one sector or the other, which has resulted in distortions, most recent example is the suggestions made by the committee of chief ministers on digital payments-a host of fiscal measures that will further distort the tax system. The government should avoid such ideas The government should spend more efficiently-demands for increasing spending in various sectors of the economy and they are often legitimate as India needs improvement in a number of areas. 3. o Kelkar and others have calculated that the marginal cost of one rupee of public spending to society is around Rs3

  10. o Therefore, the government should spend carefully as the cost to society is much higher than what gets recorded in the books- Capital expenditures etc. 4. Individuals, including politicians, are driven by incentives-Policy changes should factor in the possibility that people can change their behavion Important to build checks in the system As India has moved to a rule-based monetary policy framework, it also needs a better fiscal architecture o FRBM- not sacrosanct- What is needed is an agency like the US Congressional Budget Office which independently reviews government finances so that the public in general is better informed. This will help reduce fiscal profligacy Policy should promote competition-A high level of competition is desirable in a market economy as it leads to efficient allocation of capital 5. o bankruptcy code -will facilitate the closing of firms and the shifting of capital to more productive sectors of the economy Competition is the biggest reason to promote privatization of public sector companies as they distort the market because of access to government funding- which has been slow! Following these broad principles in policymaking will help build credibility and lead to better economic outcomes in the medium to long run.