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EDITORIAL ANALYSIS OF NEWSPAPERS IN LESSTHAN 10 MINUTES Presented B 28h February,2017 chrome
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EDITORIALS COVERED IN TODAY'S LESSON THE HINDU NOTA AND THE INDIAN VOTER o SEEING THE LIGHT LIVEMINT o LIDAR FIGHT BETWEEN GoOGLE AND UBER
QUESTION FOR ANSWER WRITING PRACTICE Q:- Should India introduce the option of 'Right to Reject' instead of NOTA in elections? Critically analyse [Course] February 2017- Editorial Analysis of The Hindu and Other Major Newspapers / Test preparation IUPSCIAS general-awareness deepanshu.n.singh Pinned Topics unacademy.com Unsceleny 201 Newspapers. The course will bring you in-depth analysis of Important editor norm leadng newspapers like The Hindu Indian Express Livemint etc which are relevant for Government examinations. These will help you in your Mains as wels as prelims preparation PReply
UBER LIDAR, which stands for Light Detectionand Ranging, is a remote sensing method that uses light in the form of a pulsed laser to measure ranges (variable distances) to the Earth. helicopters are the most commonly used platforms for acquiring LIDAR data over broad areas. to return to its source. When you shine a torch on a surface what you are actually seeing is the light being .A LIDAR instrument principally consists of a laser, a scanner, and a specialized GPS receiver. Airplanes and .The principle behind LiDAR is really quite simple. Shine a small light at a surface and measure the time it takes reflected and returning to your retina
WhyinNews2 o Waymo, the self-driving car business of Google parent Alphabet, accused Uber in a court filingUnder the bonnet on Thursday of stealing its lidar designs. How a self-driving car works Signals fiom GPS (glebal pesitioning system) satellites are combined wilth readings from tachometers, altimeters Lidar (ight detection and ranging) sensors bounce pulses of light off the surroandings. These are analysed to identify lane markings and the o Former Google engineer Anthony Levandowski downloaded 9.7 gigabytes of files before he left to found a startup that was subsequently acquired by Uber, the company said in the suit. and gyroscopes to provide more accurate than is possible with GPS alone edges of roads cameras detect traffic tights Video cameras detect traffic read road signs, keep track of the position of other vehicles and look out for pedestrians and obstades on the road Radar sensor o Waymo has its own lidar. o Tesla Inc. doesn't use a lidar, instead deploying a combination of image cameras, sonar and classic radar for its Autopilot system, which allows limited autonomous driving. o Lidar comprises a series ofrotating, stacked Ultrasonic sensers may be used to measure the position of objects very The information from al close to the vebicle, such as curbs and other by a central computer that vehicles when parking manipulates the steerin lasers that shoot out at different angles. Each layer is called a channel, and is made up of two laser beams. The signal from each individual channel creates one contour line, and together, those lines generate a 3-D image of the surrounding environment of the sensors is analysed accelerator and brakes software must understand the nules of the road, both formal and informal Radar sensers monitor the position of other vehidles nearby. Such sensors are already used n adaptive cruise-control systems Source: The Economist o Source: The Economist
o the more lasers in each stack,the higher the resolution. Velodyne, for instance, manufactures products with 16, 32 and 64 laser channels o But High costs is a big hurdle o The main hurdle to lidar becoming a widely adopted technology in mass-produced cars is cost. Balt High costs is a bules widely adopted technology in ss cha ell for A 64-channel unit from Velodyne can cost more than $50,000, while the lower end 16-channel product sells for $7,999. Since a car might require several lidar units, it quickly makes the cost prohibitive for anything but the most expensive luxury cars. Velodyne and competitors such as Quanergy Systems Inc. are working to reduce the price. That would be accelerated by major orders for mass market cars. o Race for the technology- Automotive supplier Continental AG bought a lidar business from Advanced Scientific Concepts Inc. in 2016, while France's Valeo SA has teamed up with Canada's LeddarTech to supply the product. Other Applications of LIDAR-Spacecraft use it to measure distance. Farmers use it to work out which fields need fertilizer. Archaeologists use it to map topography etc.
o India states that-California, Connecticut, Delaware, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana and Washington are providing renewable energy subsidies similar to those of the domestic content requirement under the Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission (JNNSM), which, the U.S. claims, violates World Trade Organisation (WTO) law. o India alleges that these states have been granting subsidies to local manufacturers in the renewable energy industry o Critics- As India lost the case filed by the U.S. at the WTO, claim that the present case has been filed by India as a o The WTO ruling along with the requirement that the products be made domestically reciprocation o JNNSM required that 20 gigawatt (GW) of solar power should be generated from domestically produced modules or solar cells. The WTO found that the mandatory domestic content requirement under JNNSM violated the National Treatment provision of Article III:4 of the WTO agreement. currently from 50% to 5%. The U.S. is still unsatisfied with the measures undertaken by the government. implement the ruling. If 15 months were provided, India would be able to complete the JNNSM without having o After the WTO ruling, Indian government-dropped significantly the content requirement through the auctions and is o WTO Law on implementation-> Under WTO law, the complainant can give 15 months to the defendant to to painstakingly restructure the entire mission. After the 15-month period, the ruling would be applicable
Since negotiations broke down even after assurance from the Donald Trump's administration, India decided to file a request for formation of a WTO dispute resolution panel. o The reasons stated by India include that the eight U.S. states were giving "performance-based incentives" for generating renewable energy-India claims that this violates Article III:4 because the measures provide less favourable treatment to imported products than domestically produced goods. Even though India has requested establishment ofthe panel, is it still possible that an amicable solution may be found ound o However, with the new Trump administration and its 'America First' policy, there is a good chance that the panel will be established and the case argued before the WTO. This would affect relations between the U.S. and India. o Both the cases are in fact the same, so it would be in the best interest of both nations to settle it.
NOTA and Indian Voter- GS-2 NOTA was introduced in India following the 2013 Supreme Court directive in the People's Union for Civil Liberties v. Union of India judgment. Thus, India became the 14th country to institute negative voting. However, NOTA in India does not provide for a right to reject. The candidate with the maximum votes wins the election irrespective of the number of NOTA votes polled. Three years, one Lok Sabha election and four rounds oAssembly elections have passed since the introduction of None of The Above' (NOTA) option in the Indian electoral system. o Analysis and Inferences o First, reserved constituencies have seen a relatively larger number of NOTA votes, which points to the continued social prejudice against political reservation for SC/STs Second, constituencies affected by left-wing extremism have also recorded higher NOTA performance and here probably it served as an instrument of protest against the State itself-The Assembly constituencies of Gadchiroli, Jhargram, Kalyan Rural, Jagannathpur, Chatra, Umarkote and Chhattarpur figured in the list of top NOTA polling constituencies in the Assembly elections of 2014 In the Lok Sabha elections, Bastar, the Nilgiris and Nabarangpur occupy three top slots in terms of NOTA votes polled Given the disaffection among the people in these areas against the Indian state, these numbers are expected