Deepanshu Singh is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
EDITORIAL ANALYSIS OF NEWSPAPERS IN LESSTHAN 10 MINUTES Presented B 6-7h February,2017 chrome
ABOUT ME . Educator @ unacademy B.Tech. Comp. Sc. (Hons.) B. 1ec NTSE and Debating Champion Appeared for CSE and IFoS mains Interests: Music, Quizzing, Fitness & Photography RATE REVIEW RECOMMEND . https:L/unacademy.com/user/deepanshu.n.singh
EDITORIALS COVERED IN TODAY'S LESSON The Hindu o WHAT AMERICA FIRST' MEANS FOR INDIA o REWIRING THE WTO o TARGETING OLD SCOURGES O RETURN TO A DANGEROUS NORMAL Indian Express o AND CHILDREN PAY THE PRICE
OTHER IMPORTANT ARTICLES The Hindu o ANCIENT SPORT, NEW AGE PROTEST o BREAKING THE STATUS QUo oThe Hindu (7th February, 2017) o PERILOUS U-TURN ON IRAN o DISABILITY AND THE CULTURE OF VIOLENCE
QUESTION FOR ANSWER WRITING PRACTICE Q: Discuss the effects of oil spills and suggest their various mitigation and remediation measures. Do you think National Oil Spill Disaster Contingency Plan of India is well designed to handle the challenges of Oil Spills? discuss More > [Course] January 2017 Editorial Analysis of The Hindu and Other Major Newspapers m Test Preparation UPSC AAS (Hindi) January 2017 Editorial Analysis of The Hindu... 17 11d January 2017- Editorial Analysis of The Hindu and Other Major The course w bring you in-depth analysis of important edtorats trom leadng newspapers ike The Hindu, Indian Express Livemint esc which are relevant for Pinned Topics Government examinations These w heip you in your Mans as well as prems preparation About Us Careers Terms Prvacy Contact Us Twitter Facebook created steeply 113 379 21 48 1 Frequent Posters
What America First means for India: GS-2 India-U.S. relations seen as a case of American generosity- non-reciprocal approach towards India o Helping India- served the highest geopolitical interests of the United States in Asia and globally namely, maintaining a balance of power that advantaged the liberal democracies (Pivot to Asia) o Trump's two sides-> the transactional and the ideological o The transactional Mr. Trump believes that all international relations are based on give and take, that there is something to be gained or lost from each individual interaction with a global partner, There is no larger moral goal to be pursued, such as promotion of democracy, free market or human rights. o The ideological Mr. Trump sees the world as one in which Islam is threatening the existence of the Judeo-Christian civilisation. So there are alliances to be built and wars to be fought to secure the survival of the U.S. and Israel, of Christianity and Judaism, which he believes are threatened by Islamist terror. o Mr. Trump would be open to dealing with India with an ideological frame of reference and a pragmatic, transactional one, simultaneously- But India needs to be mindful of certain grey areas-> At present India is not top of the mind for the new administration-the onus would be more on India to catch the attention of the new administration. Modi and Trump can work together in fighting radical Islamic terrorism, But Indian Govts. Crackdown on on U.S.-based Christian charities operating in India can cause friction as Evangelical groups have far higher influence in the current White House than in the previous one. (FCRA link)
o The other issue is-> Jobs-> competing for the same thing here. The growth of bilateral cooperation in recent decades has involved a movement of U.S. jobs to India, and of Indian workers to the US o Pressure on H1-B Trump administration has been clear that it will end its "misuse, In recent years, partly in response to the political resistance to offshoring of services in the U.S., these companies have increasingly hired Americans in their local workforce so a crackdown on H-1B visas may not necessarily affect such companies, which will be able to function by hiring Americans in America to support the bulk of the operations that are in India o Defence Co-operation cleared the sale of 22 Guardian unarmed drones to be used for maritime domain, The Trump administration is also willing to go a step further and favourably look at India's pending request for Avenger armed drones- 'presumption of approval' as opposed to presumption of denial' post major defence partner recognition. o In return for Trump? Trump might want India to openly partner with, or even be frontline in tackling, China, according to one view o Demand that India sign the COMCASA (Communications Compatibility and Security Agreement) that would enhance joint surveillance of Chinese vessels. o In return for pressurizing Pakistan, could be a request for troops on ground in Afghanistan. o It is also not clear whether the Trump team will be pro-active on India's bid for membership in the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG)-America does not command that kind of power today o The pragmatism of Mr. Trump and Mr. Modi will prevail over their ideological streaks and will make them good partners o Make in India approach and Mr. Trump's Buy American, Hire American can go together
REWIRING THE WTO Gs-2 visit of Roberto Azev do, Director General of the World Trade Organisation (WTO) to India, from February 8, comes at a juncture when the framework of global trade rules is undergoing a shake-up TPP: -10th Ministerial Conference of the organisation, in Nairobi in 2015-failing to decide on the future of the Doha negotiations, the WTO's relevance has been questioned since the organisation does not have a work programme o to review extant trade rules in order to make the WTO more responsive to the needs of the majority of its membership the developing countries o Questioning the relevance of WTO: o The developing world has largely been questioning the relevance of the WTO for some years now, when the richer nations gained the upper hand in setting the priorities for the organisation. o Issues of critical concern to the least developed countries, especially their inability to increase their presence in the global markets. o Silence on food stockholding o WTO rules have been loaded in favour of the developed countries, while the interests of small farmers have almost been completely ignored- from agriculture to IPR o India food security and argued that the sovereign states must have the right to decide the manner in which the poor should be provided subsidised food.- No penalty-commonly called a "peace clause". But India's insistence that there should be a permanent solution to the problem of public stockholding for food security purposes has been met with deafening silence. (WTO boxes, amber, green , blue), Agreements on Agriculture etc.
Trade facilitation: not too keen initially, required to undertake changes in their customs procedures and facilities, which seemed a daunting task for many of the poorer countries o despite their initial opposition, the developing countries eventually accepted the Agreement on Trade Facilitation at the end of the Bali Ministerial Conference in 2013 e-Commerce on the agenda-> 1 lth Ministerial Conference to be held in Buenos Aires in December 2017, ground is bei prepared by the major economies for another exercise-The issues that have been identified for inclusion in the WTO are electronic commerce and investment. ground is being o Their inclusion has been supported by the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) and the B-20 (Business 20, representing the business groups of G-20 countries) The ICC and B-20 tabled a proposal in September 2016 for the adoption of a "WTO package" on e-commerce o proposal speaks of promoting micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs) through the better adoption of e commerce-The proposal argues that an effective e-commerce environment would level the playing field between large and small businesses, thus enabling the latter to overcome the hurdles in accessing markets Concerns Low internet penetration In 2015, Internet penetration in the least-developed and low income countries was 12.6% and 9.4%, respectively. Even for the low middle income countries the figure was below the global average o The other challenge for WTO is to garner financial resources, since it does not have a financing arm o Issues of investments and BITs-India has adopted a new model BIT that would be the basis of its future BITs. o It is quite clear that the inclusion of e-commerce and investment in the WTO would further drive the wedge between the rich and the poor nations. o The growing disenchantment with the existing model of globalisation has provided a historic opportunity to frame new rules that give equal opportunities to all countries and their citizens in the global marketplace
TARGETING OLD SCOURGES GS-2 New elimination targets for some major communicable diseases in this budget barely hints at the enormous burden carried by millions in India o What are those diseases?: tuberculosis, kala-azar (leishmaniasis), filariasis, leprosy and measles o Tuberculosis:Indi a has a higher burden of new patients with TB than estimated earlier 2.8 million in 2015 compared to 2.2 million in the previous year, a quarter of the world's cases. o Leprosy: 1,02,178 leprosy cases on record as of September 2016 o Tuberculosis current situation: promise of a well-funded five-year scheme to meet the TB challenge beginning in 2017 is welcome, although steady progress towards the new elimination deadline of 2025 will also depend on improved capabilities in the health system to meet the daily drugs requirement and a feeling of ownership at the State level. o Under-reporting of cases in India- WHO o The World Health Organisation has been pointing to the lack of integration of private practitioners with the national mission on tuberculosis for guaranteed access to drugs, and lack of continuous monitoring of such patients
What is normal? o KPL-a key agent in the unfolding drama is dumping dredged sand onto salt pans that are part of the Ennore wetlands o The petrochemical industries in Manali are discharging tonnes of oily chemical effluents into the creek and the sea The power plants in the area are discharging their coal ash and hot waste water into the wetlands. Our regulators know all this and do nothing to enforce the law. o It is this the normal we are offered. Role of Media-media glare is spotlighting the holes in our governance infrastructure. The clean-up will only address the toxic oily residues, and even that only to the extent that public pressure persists. o Government Deficit-needs to be fixed if we are to avert the death of our life-support systems through the slow-motion disaster of day to day polution or shock incik il pilil disaster of day-to-day pollution or shock incidents like oil spills.
Softening the Board exam Two attempts were made over the last decade to soften the grip of exams on children's lives One was to make the Class X board exam optional The other was the attempt to replace the annual exam with Comprehensive and Continuous Evaluation (CCE) o At the elementary level (that is Classes 1 to 6), this step got codified in a law known the Right to Education (RTE) Ostensiblv similar in purpose, the two reforms referred to two quite different stages of children's intellectual growth o Attempts are now in trouble: The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) has now decided to make the Class X board exam compulsory once again o As for RTE's stipulation that CCE should replace an annual exam in elementary classes, political consensus to rescind it by revising the RTE is reportedly growing o Restoration of the Class X board exam is also being justified on the ground that the state boards did not make it optional - that is only the CBSE made it optional, hence there was a problem of parity
Unconvincing arguments: o If the fear of failure is all that motivates children, surely it is a symptom of poor quality teaching o The way forward lies in improving pedagogy by reforming teacher training The decision to make the Class X board exam optional was intended to encourage improvement in school-based exams o If the fear of failure is all that motivates children, surely it is a symptom of poor quality teaching o The way forward lies in improving pedagogy by reforming teacher training o The decision to make the Class X board exam optional was intended to encourage improvement in school-based exams Class X is not the terminal vear of schooling as it once was, so there is no harm in giving children the option to avoid one board exam, especially if they are not planning to shift to a different school Coordination between the CBSE and state boards should have been attempted by encouraging these boards to follow the CBSE's ea Yet another argument supporting the CBSE's reversal is that the Class X board exam serves as a rehearsal for the Class XII board exam o If an exam system demands a rehearsal, surely it is not serving a pedagogic purpose The ordeal of public exams (and "pre-boards") is cherished because ther keep pedagogy, tied to preparation drills o Teachers and parents both feel safe when nothing creative or original is expected to take place in the child's intellectual life A public exam is, by definition, narrow in its focus as it attempts to place thousands of pupils on one platform No individual qualities can be assessed in such mass evaluation Nor can the results of such a mass test be regarded as reliable and fair
o The idea of CCE as a substitute for annual, "pass-fail" kind of exams demands significant improvement in teacher training. Teachers ability to assess a child's individual trajectory of growth is a crucial factor in the CCE approach. It cannot be denied that Indian students are working wonders after being grilled to the core, but the other side sees horrors of depression and suicides arising because of the fear of failure.