Deepanshu Singh is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
EDITORIAL ANALYSIS OF NEWSPAPERS IN LESSTHAN 10 MINUTES sth February,2017 Presented By chrome
ABOUT ME . Educator @ unacademy B.Tech. Comp. Sc. (Hons.) B. 1ec NTSE and Debating Champion Appeared for CSE and IFoS mains Interests: Music, Quizzing, Fitness & Photography RATE REVIEW RECOMMEND . https:L/unacademy.com/user/deepanshu.n.singh
EDITORIALS COVERED IN TODAY'S LESSON DownToEarth o THE UNDISCLOSED AIR POLLUTANTS o NAGALAND TRIBAL BODIES ARE PROTESTING RESERVATION FOR WOMEN IN LOCAL BODIES
THE UNDISCLOSED AIR POLLUTANTS Gs-3 How furnace oil and pet coke are choking us as policy fails to stay ahead of underground developments concentrated solar power (CSP) plants were not viable-But why? After all, solar prices have crashed and government is keen to subsidise and incentivise this growth of clean energy. o Yes, solar prices have crashed, but so have prices of oil, and today, cheap furnace oil (FO) use is growing. o Furnace Oil- FO is a bottom of the barrel product-it is the last grade pdtisg of oil that refineries produce, it is high in sulphur and so is highly u and is highly OIL OIL O1 polluting. Cause of High pollution in and around Delhi-NCR? o No clarity but way back in 1996, the Delhi Pollution Control Committee (the city's pollution control agency) had notified a list of "acceptable fuels". This did not include FO, but it did say that fuel with low sulphur-in those defined as 18,000 parts per million (ppm) of sulphur (today diesel has 50 ppm of sulphur)--could be used. OIL 0l
0 was indeed being sold in the National Capital Region (NCR): The data showed that much more was being sold in the current year over even last year. All public sector oil companies sold FO; but only Reliance Industries sold it in Delhi. Big MNC's used FO in their industry to generate power or in their furnaces simply because it was cheaper. >The price of FO is deliberately kept lower than natural gas, its key substitute, which is much cleaner. Then FO is exempt from state taxes, but gas is heavily taxed. >Worse, power is in surplus in this region; coal and gas plants are working at roughly 20 per cent of their capacity. But electricity supply is unreliable because of the mess in distribution and then its price is higher than the cheap FO Pet Coke-_This is a byproduct of refineries, with high calorific value. So while being more expensive than coal, it is cheaper to use. But it is highly polluting. There are no specifications for this fuel and nobody has a clue where it is being consumed. It is also being dumped-China is imposing restraints on its domestic use because of pollution, so prices have crashed. Import data shows that this year, India has imported some 7 million tonnes in just 5 months, as against 10 million in 2015-16.
Shocking results from Lab- Tests- The sulphur in FO was between 15,000 to 20,000 ppm; in pet coke, from 69,000 to 74,000 ppm. Just consider diesel has 50 ppm of sulphur and even with all the after-treatment devices in our cars, it continues to pollute. Coal burnt in power plants like Badarpur has 1,000 ppm of sulphur. The pollution potential of these fuels is obvious and deadly. The fact is there is also no control (no standards) on sulphur emissions, which is a gas, but gets converted into particulates with air-moisture interaction. The IIT-Kanpur study on Delhi's air pollution estimated that 20-25 per cent of winter pollution was from secondary particles-sulphur and nitrogen dioxide. What needs to be done? notify the list of acceptable fuels that can be used, this time not just in Delhi, but in the entire NCR. This would ban the use of highly-polluting fuels like FO and pet coke. Simultaneously, also control the unrestricted import of pet coke (it is best used only in cement manufacture, where pollution is controlled) incentivize clean fuels ictedprtof pet coke atis best used only in cement >Further regulate these 'underground' developments-There are many other fuels (called everything from C9 to CBFS) that are still used, with no specification and no clearance.
NAGALAND TRIBAL BODIES ARE PROTESTING RESERVATION FOR WOMEN IN LOCAL BODIES Women's ights activists say that it shows the unwillingnesof wibal bodies to share power Women'srights activists say that it shows the unwillingness of tribal bodies to share power Protests erupted in Nagaland after its government refused to revoke the decision to reserve 33 per cent seats for women in upcoming civic body polls - Curfew was imposed amid protests and election in 32 municipal bodies would be declared null and void. Why Why? Influential tribal have been demanding the cancellation of women's reservation and warning citizens against participating in urban bodies elections. Ao Sengden, a body of Ao Tribe of Nagaland, issued diktat in local dailies asking people not to participate and warning of appropriate punishment Angami Public Organisation, has also announced boycott of the election, stating that the reservation is against tribal customs. The protestors believe the reservation is guaranteed to Nagaland state under Article 371 (A) of the Constitution. " The protestors believe the reservation is against their customary law and violates special rights It states, "Notwithstanding anything in this Constitution, no Act of Parliament in respect of religious or social practices of the Nagas, Naga customary law and procedure, administration of civil and criminal justice involving decisions according to Naga customary law, ownership and transfer of land and its resources, shall apply to the State of Nagaland unless the Legislative Assembly of Nagaland by a resolution so decides."
History of the case Women in Nagaland have been fighting for representation in municipal and town councils taking a legal course of action Naga Mothers Association (NMA), has been demanding reservation in local bodies for the past three years, but state authorities have been denying it by not holding elections, citing Naga customs and possible violence derailing the ongoing peace process. The matter has now reached the Supreme Court, after NMA challenged a Gauhati High Court ruling. The apex court ruled in their favour in April 2016 The special leave petition filed in the apex court claims that the protest was on account of certain changes in the land laws in the Nagaland Municipal Act of 2001and not due to reservation of seats for women. Deep rooted Patriarchal mindset- (EPW article from previous month's editorial summary) Groups- against amended provisions of the municipal Act which were not in accordance with Article 371 (A) of the Indian Constitution that protects customary rights of Naga tribes. The Article states that no Act of Parliament in respect of Naga customary law and procedure shall apply to the state of Nagaland unless the Legislative Assembly of the state by a resolution decides to adopt it. > Reservation not new foe women of Nagaland There is one-fourth reservation for women in the village development boards (VDB) since November, 1989, under section 50 of Nagaland Village and Area Council Act of 1978 It's all about huge funds and unwillingness to share power with women > Link WomenEmpowermentPR1s, ULBete