Deepanshu Singh is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
EDITORIAL ANALYSIS OF NEWSPAPERS IN LESSTHAN 10 MINUTES 22"d February,2017 Presented B 22 Fe chrome
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QUESTION FOR ANSWER WRITING PRACTICE Q:ha can be the posible reasons and .What can be the possible reasons and implications of recent engagements of Russia towards Taliban. Discu SS [Course] February 2017- Editorial Analysis of The Hindu and Other Major Newspapers / Test preparation UPSCIAS general-awareness deepanshu.n.singh Pinned Topics unacademy.com Newspapers. The course will bring you in-depth analysis of Important editor norm leadng newspapers like The Hindu Indian Express Livemint etc which are relevant for Unsceleny 201 Government examinations. These will help you in your Mains as wels as prelims preparation PReply
EDITORIALS COVERED IN TODAY'S LESSON THE HINDU o WHEN THE UNELECTED SET THE AGENDA LIVEMINT o TECHNOLOGY'S BENEFITS FOR CROP INSURANCE
TH: WHEN THE UNELECTED SET THE AGENDA Gs-1/4 Our complex society-traffic lights, How ? Blatant flouting of rules at traffic signals at a deeper level it is also reflective of a far greater problem confronting our society.
- Following rules is very easy, and at the same time also difficult. " Following a rule has at least two components: one, the action corresponding to the rule, and the other our interpretation of the intention of that rule. Typically, we are expected to follow the action corresponding to a rule and not worry about the intention. Motorists breaking laws They recognise that there is no traffic in front of them and then act based on their decision that red lights are not meant to be followed when there is no traffic as independent decision-makers who feel that their judgment of the situation overrides rules set by a society or government The amb huity is Should we blindly follow social norms, or should we be independent interpreters of the rules of society? but these individual interpretations leads to Chaos in our society is what leads to traffic jams every single day in every corner of our cities and towns! . Similar to the attitude of individual interpretations of social norms that drives much of the conflicts in India today > like corruption, or being stated as anti-nationals, even jallikattu > Identity politics? similar to problem of dealing with traffic signals! . The issue of Identity Identity is primarily about rules and how we follow these rules. Living in society is then largely a matter of following these rules, stopping at the 'social red lights' as required. Identity is personal we have the autonomy to choose our own indentities? Choosing our own identity However, this autonomy is what is being challenged today by small groups who take on the authority of defining what our identities should be. From questioning the Govt., anit-this and anti-that to anti- nationals for not following a particular social norm and identity!
- In all these cases, small groups are defining the rules of what an identity is. " Instead of the state or the larger society which earlier did this task, it is increasingly smaller vocal groups that have anointed themselves as judge and enforcers of identity. This is exactly like having a group of people standing at signal lights waiting to catch those who jump the signals . Why? because those who are supposed to do the job of creating meaningful social rules have abdicated their responsibility the lack of political leaders leads to small groups taking over the task of regulating society> a consequence of the nature of democratic politics " We gift the politicians the right to govern us in the hope that they will do the right thing by us, which is being mis-used or rather unused! " Democracy is the contract by which we voluntarily agree to follow the rules created by a group of people whom we elect. The other direction of the contract is that the politicians not only make rules that benefit the citizens but also communicate the intention behind those rules in clear terms. . When these intentions are left ambiguous, social conflicts arise since individuals and groups interpret the intentions behind rules to suit their interests, leading to the failure of the democratic contract. - One of the first signs that the system has failed is when the unelected start dictating the society with their definition of what social rules mean instead of democratically negotiating these rules. (Khap panchayats, fringe elements, rakshak groups, the so called Senas!) . They then run through society like they run through signal lights while the rest of us sit and watch helplessly waiting for the lights to change!!
MINT: TECHNOLOGY'S BENEFITS FOR CROP INSURANCE GS-3 o Agriculture income need to be sustained till India get into trajectory of manufacturing led development. o Moreover farm income has to be shielded from unwanted shocks. Farmer had to fight on dual fronts - depleting income and climatic misfortune Farm income had to be doubled by 2022. This would require reforms on multiple fronts o Technology can come handy to realise this goal. Usage of technology in agriculture would make farming more lucrative. The emphasis on agricultural insurance through higher allocation for the Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY), and other major allocations for the sector, are expected to boost credit flow to farmers apart from expanding crop insurance and irrigation coverage o It's important to encourage farmers to use innovative agriculture services and technology, which in turn will It's important to e improve farm productivity and income, and help them deal with post-harvest challenges. (Apps, ISRO-weather forecasting etc.) o Insurance in agriculture suffers from many challenges- low penetration, insufficient risk coverage, delayed and inaccurate claim assessment, and leakage. The challenges of infrastructure and distribution can be overcome with careful planning, innovative use of technology and favourable government policies, proper marketing
The government, through the PMFBY, is trying to bring more farmers (targeting 50% by 2018 under the scheme's ambit. However, several key challenges need to be addressed to achieve this goal. Accurate forecast and better early warning system can give face lift to this scheme so that this scheme don't face same fate as NAIS, WBCIS faced. o Historically, government officials in India have conducted random-sample crop-cutting experiments (CCEs) to arrive at estimations of yield at the sub-district level or at even finer granularity. The process is resource-heavy, and prone to sampling and non-sampling errors and manual subjectivities. and other efficiencies, with the deployment of sensors, connectivity and analytics. calculate the area under each category, find locations with the maximum area and then select the number of o The Internet of Things (IoT) here finds increased relevance. The IoT promises increased yields, reduced costs o Another possible solution could be to use satellite images to map the crop types, identify potential yield categories, samples for CCEs. o The use of drones to take images, recreate and analyse individual leaves from close-enough heights, assist in pest control, mid-season crop health monitoring, assess the soil-water-holding capacity and create weed maps or frost damage maps is another option. Above three options can make farm based assessment possible and reliable. With least error, farmer could be served on time. On other hand, it could aid insurer to customise farmer centric insurance product
o These digital interventions are not faraway when govt had plan of "Digital India". The budget allocation of Rs10,000 crore to the BharatNet Project and the set target of reaching nearly 150,000 gram panchayats with high-speed Internet will also lay the foundation for a digital revolution in agriculture in India Easy Internet access will allow farmers to learn and implement the latest technologies available in the field of agriculture The finance minister has proposed that e-NAM (the National Agriculture Market) would be linked to the commodities market to allow farmers to ace.ss better prices for their produce